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See detailThe effect of training morphosyntactic markers in German and in French on multilingual fifth-graders' spelling.
Bilici, Natalia UL; Ugen, Sonja UL; Fayol, Michel UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, June 26)

Many studies focussing on spelling in French and German languages show that, even by the end of the primary school, pupils have difficulties to encode morphosyntactic information in their writing ... [more ▼]

Many studies focussing on spelling in French and German languages show that, even by the end of the primary school, pupils have difficulties to encode morphosyntactic information in their writing. Particularly problematic are, for instance, capitalisation of nouns in German (Betzel 2014) or plural markers in French (Fayol et al. 2006), because they are inaudible and require knowledge that goes beyond simple phoneme-grapheme correspondences. Our paper presents how multilingual learners deal with silent morphosyntactic markers in French and German and shows the effects of an intervention training on children's spelling performance. In total our study included 228 multilingual fifth graders (mean age 11 years) with four years instruction in German and two years instruction in French. They were assigned to an intervention (n=137) and to a control group (n=91) based on the results of a spelling test in French and German. This was done by creating performance groups that were, in a second step, attributed to one of the experimental groups taking their performance into account (quasi-randomised procedure). The French test consisted of three word categories of different difficulty (nouns, verbs, adjectives). For adjectives only, position (pre- vs. post-nominal) was also manipulated. The German test focussed on three lexical-semantic characteristics (concrete nouns, abstract nouns, nominalizations) and four syntactical positions (determinant+noun, determinant+adjective+noun, adjective+noun, noun) frequent words and pseudo-words. Additionally, word frequency was manipulated within each language (frequent words vs. pseudowords). These difficulty levels have been based on the literature published on monolingual learners (French: Totereau et al. (2014), German: Funke (2005); Guenther (2007); Betzel (2014)). The children participated in 12 intervention sessions of 20 minutes each (six in German and six in French, the order was counterbalanced). Children of the intervention group were trained to improve their morphosyntactic awareness and thus spelling performance of French plurals and German capitalization. The control group received the same amount of language input than the intervention group, but they were trained on another aspect of language i.e. listening comprehension. Results from the pre-test show that multilingual children acquiring German and French show similar difficulty patterns as German or French monolinguals. The post-test shows that the intervention group improved significantly in both their German and French spelling in comparison to the control group in all word and pseudo-word categories and positions. The intervention group's performance increased especially on pseudo-words, indicating that the training had an effect on children's spelling according to syntactic regularities. The study results are specifically important to better understand the learning processes of morphosyntactic spelling in primary school. The implications on the teaching methods will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (14 UL)
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See detailEngagierte linke Jugendliche und die Ambivalenz in der Gewaltfrage
Willems, Helmut UL; Kühnel, Wolfgang

in Willems, Helmut; Kühnel, Wolfgang (Eds.) Politisches Engagement im Jugendalter : Zwischen Beteiligung, Protest und Gewalt (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (6 UL)
See detailPolitisches Engagement im Jugendalter : Zwischen Beteiligung, Protest und Gewalt
Willems, Helmut UL

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2017)

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See detailLuxembourgish English pronunciation: first forays
Deroey, Katrien UL

Scientific Conference (2017, June 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
See detailReparations and European Integration
Paravantis, Spero UL

Speeches/Talks (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBecoming entrepreneurs: From disadvantage to actualising an entrepreneurship
Iannone, Rosa Lisa UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May 12)

In response to existing gaps in relation to entrepreneurship by vulnerable populations, the paper presents a conceptual framework, encompassing social capital – more specifically, a network-based ... [more ▼]

In response to existing gaps in relation to entrepreneurship by vulnerable populations, the paper presents a conceptual framework, encompassing social capital – more specifically, a network-based understanding of social capital – and an emancipatory perspective for a case study to be undertaken in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 UL)
See detailLa transformation de la constitution économique européenne
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Auby, Jean - Bernard; Idoux, Pascale (Eds.) Le Gouvernement économique européen (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 UL)
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See detailHomotopical algebraic context over differential operators
Di Brino, Gennaro; Pistalo, Damjan UL; Poncin, Norbert UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (6 UL)
See detailLe Blatterhaus de Strasbourg. Son histoire, son fonctionnement et ses malades de la fin du XVe siècle jusqu'en 1686
Leuck, Jessica UL

Book published by Société Savante d'Alsace (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 UL)
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See detailPreserved crossmodal integration of emotional signals in binge drinking
Lannoy, Séverine; Dormal, Valérie; Brion, Mélanie et al

in Frontiers in Psychology (2017), 8

Binge drinking is an alcohol consumption pattern with various psychological and cognitive consequences. As binge drinking showed qualitatively comparable cognitive impairments to those reported in alcohol ... [more ▼]

Binge drinking is an alcohol consumption pattern with various psychological and cognitive consequences. As binge drinking showed qualitatively comparable cognitive impairments to those reported in alcohol-dependence, a continuum hypothesis suggests that this habit would be a first step toward alcohol-related disorders. Besides these cognitive impairments, alcohol-dependence is also characterized by large-scale deficits in emotional processing, particularly in crossmodal contexts, and these abilities have scarcely been explored in binge drinking. Emotional decoding, most often based on multiple modalities (e.g., facial expression, prosody or gesture), yet represents a crucial ability for efficient interpersonal communication and social integration. The present study is the first exploration of crossmodal emotional processing in binge drinking, in order to test whether binge drinkers already present the emotional impairments described among alcohol-dependent patients, in line with the continuum hypothesis. Twenty binge drinkers and 20 matched controls performed an experimental task requiring the identification of two emotions (happiness or anger) presented in two modalities (visual or auditory) within three conditions (unimodal, crossmodal congruent or crossmodal incongruent). In accordance with previous research in binge drinking and alcohol-dependence, this study was based on two main hypotheses. First, binge drinkers would present a reduced facilitation effect (i.e., classically indexed in healthy populations by faster reaction times when two congruent modalities are presented simultaneously). Second, binge drinkers would have higher difficulties to inhibit interference in incongruent modalities. Results showed no significant difference between groups in emotional decoding ability, whatever the modality or condition. Control participants, however, appeared slower than binge drinkers in recognizing facial expressions, also leading to a stronger facilitation effect when the two modalities were presented simultaneously. However, findings did not show a disrupted facilitation effect in binge drinkers, whom also presented preserved performance to inhibit incongruence during emotional decoding. The current results thus suggest that binge drinkers do not demonstrate a deficit for emotional processing, both in unimodal and crossmodal contexts. These results imply that binge drinking might not be characterized by impairments for the identification of primary emotions, which could also indicate that these emotional processing abilities are well-preserved at early stages of excessive alcohol consumption [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 UL)
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See detailReflexion über morphosyntaktische Strukturen im Deutschen und Französischen und deren Einfluss auf die Rechtschreibkompetenzen von 5.-Klässlern
Bilici, Natalia UL; Ugen, Sonja UL; Weth, Constanze UL

Scientific Conference (2016, September 20)

Wie verhalt sich ein explizites Grammatik-/Orthographietraining zu der meta- sprachlichen Reflexion der SchUler/innen? Dazu stellt der Vortrag Ergebnisse der Studie MorphoSyn vor. Die lnterventionsstudie ... [more ▼]

Wie verhalt sich ein explizites Grammatik-/Orthographietraining zu der meta- sprachlichen Reflexion der SchUler/innen? Dazu stellt der Vortrag Ergebnisse der Studie MorphoSyn vor. Die lnterventionsstudie ist in der 5. Klasse in Luxemburgi- schen Grundschulen verortet. ln der Studie mit Pre-/Posttest Design (N=280) er- halt die lnterventionsgruppe (N=140) ein Training zur ldentifizierung und Schrei- bung von nominalen Kernen (Deutsch) sowie ein Training zur ldentifizierung und Markierung von Singular-Plural Kongruenz (Franzosisch). Das Training umfasst 6 Einheiten zu je 20 Minuten pro Sprache. Ziel der Studie ist es zu ermitteln, ob sich die Rechtschreibleistungen der SchUler/innen in den trainierten Bereichen wesent- lich verbessern. Eine SchUlergruppe wurde Uber den gesamten Zeitraum der lntervention gefilmt. Videoausschnitte geben Aufschluss darUber, welche metasprachliche Reflexion in den Trainingseinheiten stattfindet und wie sich das Regelverstehen der lnterven- tion manifestiert. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (6 UL)
See detailQuantität und Qualität deutscher Vokale bei Lernern mit der L1 Russisch
Bilici, Natalia UL

Bachelor/master dissertation (2012)

Die deutsche Sprache hat ein reiches Vokalsystem. Eine Besonderheit dieses Systems ist die Existenz der sogenannten Kurz- und Langvokale, die bedeutungsunterscheidend sind (Miete und Mitte, Höhle und ... [more ▼]

Die deutsche Sprache hat ein reiches Vokalsystem. Eine Besonderheit dieses Systems ist die Existenz der sogenannten Kurz- und Langvokale, die bedeutungsunterscheidend sind (Miete und Mitte, Höhle und Hölle, Staat und Stadt). Diese zwei Gruppen von Vokalen werden unterschiedlich lang und unterschiedlich gespannt ausgesprochen. Solche Qualitäts- und Quantitätsunterschiede sind nicht für alle Sprachen typisch, deswegen stellt der Erwerb der deutschen Vokale eine Herausforderung für viele Lerner dar. Diese Unterschiede machen aber nicht nur den Lernern des Deutschen viel Mühe, sondern auch den Sprachwissenschaftlern, die sich mit dem deutschen Phonemsystem auseinandersetzen. Linguisten, die in diesem Forschungsgebiet tätig sind, diskutieren immer noch über das entscheidende distinktive Merkmal der deutschen Vokale. Ist es die Quantität oder die Qualität? Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist, die Frage aus einer anderen Perspektive zu betrachten. Ich werde überprüfen, wie russischsprachige Lerner des Deutschen mit diesen beiden Parametern umgehen. Was erwerben diese Lerner, in deren Muttersprache weder die Länge noch die Gespanntheit der Vokale bedeutungsunterscheidend sind? [less ▲]

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See detailWeakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in isogeometric analysis: from sub- and super- geometric analysis to Geometry Independent Field approximaTion (GIFT)
Atroshchenko, Elena; Xu, Gang; Tomar, Satyendra UL et al

E-print/Working paper (n.d.)

This paper presents an approach to generalize the concept of isogeometric analysis (IGA) by allowing different spaces for parameterization of the computational domain and for approximation of the solution ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an approach to generalize the concept of isogeometric analysis (IGA) by allowing different spaces for parameterization of the computational domain and for approximation of the solution field. The method inherits the main advantage of isogeometric analysis, i.e. preserves the original, exact CAD geometry (for example, given by NURBS), but allows pairing it with an approximation space which is more suitable/flexible for analysis, for example, T-splines, LR-splines, (truncated) hierarchical B-splines, and PHT-splines. This generalization offers the advantage of adaptive local refinement without the need to re-parameterize the domain, and therefore without weakening the link with the CAD model. We demonstrate the use of the method with different choices of the geometry and field splines, and show that, despite the failure of the standard patch test, the optimum convergence rate is achieved for non-nested spaces. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (10 UL)