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See detailTowards a complexity shift: Aktuelle analytische Trends der Grenzforschung
Wille, Christian UL

in Klessmann, Maria; Gerst, Dominik; Krämer, Hannes (Eds.) Handbuch Grenzforschung (in press)

Die Auffassung, dass Grenzen aus sozialer Praxis hervorgehen und soziale Praxis hervorbringen, hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten für eine Reihe an Ansätzen und Begriffen gesorgt. Der Beitrag versucht diese ... [more ▼]

Die Auffassung, dass Grenzen aus sozialer Praxis hervorgehen und soziale Praxis hervorbringen, hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten für eine Reihe an Ansätzen und Begriffen gesorgt. Der Beitrag versucht diese zu systematisieren und stellt einen processual shift, multiplicity shift und complexitiy shift vor. Diese Trends beschreiben verschiedene analytische Schwerpunktsetzungen und eine zunehmend differenziertere Beschäftigung mit Grenzen. Abschließend wird auf die noch unzureichend bestimmte Kategorie der sozialen Praxis und auf das Potential der Praxistheorien für die Grenzforschung eingegangen. [less ▲]

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See detailMentalization and Criterion A of the AMPD: Results from a clinical and nonclinical sample
Zettl, M.; Volkert, J.; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment (in press)

Objective: Criterion A of the alternative model for the classification of personality disorders in the DSM-5 introduced the Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS), a dimensional model for the ... [more ▼]

Objective: Criterion A of the alternative model for the classification of personality disorders in the DSM-5 introduced the Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS), a dimensional model for the assessment of impairments in self and interpersonal functioning. The LPFS was developed based on a review of different measures of personality functioning, such as the Reflective Functioning Scale, a measure of mentalizing. This study investigated the empirical overlap between LPFS and mentalization. Methods: The study sample included adult inpatients (n = 55) with a mental disorder and a healthy adult control group (n = 55). All participants were examined regarding the LPFS using the Semi-Structured Interview for Personality Functioning DSM-5 (STiP-5.1); mentalizing was assessed with the Brief Reflective Functioning Interview and coded with the Reflective Functioning Scale. We used structural equation modeling to investigate the relationship between LPFS domains and mentalization. Correlation analysis was used to examine the agreement between interview-rated LPFS and self-report measures of personality dysfunction. Results: All domains of the LPFS were significantly related to mentalizing. Interview-rated LPFS was significantly associated with self-reported personality dysfunction. Conclusion: The findings support the notion that the LPFS and mentalization share a strong conceptual and operational overlap by demonstrating that both constructs are empirically interrelated. The results yield further support for the validity of the LPFS as a dimensional model for the assessment of personality disorder severity. [less ▲]

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See detailShadow Banking in Europe: Idiosyncrasies and their Implications for Regulation
Nabilou, Hossein UL; Prüm, André UL

in European Journal of Risk Regulation (in press)

This paper studies the specificities of the regulation of shadow banking in Europe. It argues that the idiosyncratic features of the EU shadow banking sector call for a different (or indigenized ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the specificities of the regulation of shadow banking in Europe. It argues that the idiosyncratic features of the EU shadow banking sector call for a different (or indigenized) regulatory approach from that of the US. It highlights striking differences between the EU and the US shadow banking sectors based on both market structure and legal micro-infrastructure of the shadow banking sectors in these two jurisdictions. These different institutional and legal infrastructures of the shadow banking activities, instruments, and entities, as well as the different trajectories in the evolution of the banking and shadow banking sectors in terms of business models, size and composition of actors and transactions can be the driving force behind the differential regulatory treatment of shadow banking in the EU and the US. In highlighting the differences between shadow banking across the Atlantic, this paper focuses on the repo markets, as the main instruments and activities that play a significant role in credit intermediation outside the regulatory perimeter of the traditional or regular banking system. It then discusses one specific segment of the shadow banking entities, i.e., Money Market Funds (MMFs), and highlights the fundamental differences in the structure, functioning, and existing regulatory treatment of the MMFs in the US and the EU. The paper concludes that the market structure, business models, as well as legacy legal and regulatory frameworks of shadow banking (as well as banking) display substantial differences in the US and the EU. The findings in this paper rally against one-size-fits-all approaches to addressing the problems of the shadow banking system worldwide and recommends differentiated and more nuanced regulatory approaches to regulating shadow banking across the Atlantic. By implication, any adoption of the US regulatory framework or recommendations of international fora for the shadow banking sector by the EU regulatory authorities should not overlook these differences. [less ▲]

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See detailPhase field modeling of interfacial damage in heterogeneous media with stiff and soft interphases
Nguyen, Thanh Tung UL; Yvonnet, Julien; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (in press)

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See detailJudicial Independence & National Judges in the Recent Case law of the Court of Justice
Zinonos, Panagiotis UL

in European Public Law (in press), 25(4),

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See detailWhat's in an Icon? Promises and Pitfalls of Data Protection Iconography
Rossi, Arianna UL; Palmirani, Monica

in Leenes, Ronald; Hallinan, Dara; Gutwirth, Serge (Eds.) et al Data Protection and Privacy: Data Protection and Democracy (in press)

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), transparency of information becomes an obligation aimed at creating an ecosystem where data subjects understand and control what happens to their ... [more ▼]

Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), transparency of information becomes an obligation aimed at creating an ecosystem where data subjects understand and control what happens to their personal data. The definition of transparency stresses its user-centric nature, while design considerations to comply with this obligation assume central importance. This article focuses on the icons established by the GDPR Art. 12.7 to offer “a meaningful overview of the intended processing”. Existing attempts to represent data protection through icons have not met widespread adoption and reasons about the strengths and weaknesses of their creation and evaluation are here discussed. Building on this analysis, we present an empirical research proposing a new icon set that responds to GDPR requirements. The article also discusses the challenges of creating and evaluating such icon set and provides some future directions of research for effective an effective implementation and standardization. [less ▲]

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See detailMixed-fleet single-terminal bus scheduling problem: Modelling, solution scheme and potential applications
Rinaldi, Marco UL; Picarelli, Erika UL; D'Ariano, Andrea et al

in Omega: the International Journal of Management Science (in press)

Reducing pollutant emissions and promoting sustainable mobility solutions, including Public Transport (PT), are increasingly becoming key objectives for policymakers worldwide. In this work we develop an ... [more ▼]

Reducing pollutant emissions and promoting sustainable mobility solutions, including Public Transport (PT), are increasingly becoming key objectives for policymakers worldwide. In this work we develop an optimal vehicle scheduling approach for next generation PT systems, considering the instance of mixed electric / hybrid fleet. Our objective is that of investigating to what extent electrification, coupled with optimal fleet management, can yield operational cost savings for PT operators. We propose a Mixed In- teger Linear Program (MILP) to address the problem of optimal scheduling of a mixed fleet of electric and hybrid / non-electric buses, coupled with an ad-hoc decomposition scheme aimed at enhancing the scalability of the proposed MILP. Two case studies arising from the PT network of the city of Luxem- bourg are employed in order to validate the model; sensitivity analysis to fleet design parameters is performed, specifically in terms of fleet size and fleet composition. Conclusions point to the fact that careful modelling and handling of mixed-fleet conditions are necessary to achieve operational savings, and that marginal savings gradually reduce as more conventional buses are replaced by their electric counterparts. We believe the methodology proposed may be a key part of advanced decision support systems for policymakers and operators that are dealing with the on-going transition from conventional bus fleets towards greener transport solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailFescher als dein Schatten. Zur Präsenz des Deutschen in Österreich in der Alltagspraxis
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Hundt, Markus; Kleene, Andrea; Plewnia, Albrecht (Eds.) et al Regiolekte – Objektive Sprachdaten und subjektive Wahrnehmung (in press)

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See detailUsing crowdsourced data to explore the linguistic landscape of cities. Results from the participatory research project Lingscape
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Brunn, Stanley; Kehrein, Roland (Eds.) Handbook of the Changing World Language Map (in press)

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See detailBending and Breaking Europe's Single Resolution Mechanism: the case of Italy
Donnelly, Shawn; Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

in Journal of Common Market Studies (in press)

This paper examines the political economy and law of bank resolution in the case of Italy—specifically its treatment of three failing banks that were resolved in 2016/2017—Monte de Paschi, Veneto and ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the political economy and law of bank resolution in the case of Italy—specifically its treatment of three failing banks that were resolved in 2016/2017—Monte de Paschi, Veneto and Vicenza banks. These three cases stand out for the relatively large degree of discretion exercised by national resolution and state aid authorities, ultimately with the permission of their European counterparts. This paper examines the motivations driving Italian authorities to lobby the Commission for leeway in applying the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive, and analyses the intricacies of the legal framework to underline the extent of discretion exercised by policy makers. It concludes that the discretion visible in these three cases is not (entirely) contained within EU law, and that bending the law or turning a blind eye to infractions was key to understanding the EU approach to Italy. [less ▲]

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See detailCentral Banks and Regulation of Cryptocurrencies
Nabilou, Hossein UL; Prüm, André UL

in Review of Banking & Financial Law (in press)

This paper explores the interface between central banks and cryptocurrencies. Focusing on the European Central Bank (ECB), it identifies the potential threats that the rise of cryptocurrencies would pose ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the interface between central banks and cryptocurrencies. Focusing on the European Central Bank (ECB), it identifies the potential threats that the rise of cryptocurrencies would pose to the basic and ancillary tasks of the ECB, in particular, its monetary policy operations and the exercise of its supervisory functions over credit institutions and payment systems. The paper finds that cryptocurrencies can potentially have both direct – through their potential impact on the price stability and monetary policy, and central banks’ monopoly over issuing base money – and indirect effects on central banks, mainly through the institutions and systems that fall under the ECB’s scope of competence. To address the challenges posed by cryptocurrencies, the ECB may take both legal (including supervisory and oversight) measures and non-legal (or technical) measures. With respect to technical measures, the ECB - to the extent falling within the scope of its competence - may focus on improving the efficiency of existing payment systems and addressing the existing frictions in market infrastructures to indirectly affect the cryptocurrency markets. Alternatively, it can venture into issuing Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). Regarding legal measures, central banks could envisage regulating cryptocurrencies either directly or indirectly. However, as the most significant potential impact of cryptocurrencies on central banks is likely to be indirect through the impact of cryptocurrencies on the banking and payment systems, and given the limitations on the ECB’s mandate and its regulatory and supervisory tools, it is apposite for the ECB to consider using indirect strategies and tools to influence cryptocurrency markets. This indirect approach can be implemented through the ECB’s existing supervisory and oversight powers over the banking and payment systems. This paper specifies the direct and indirect measures and assesses their merits in addressing the concerns about cryptocurrencies. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporating trip chaining within online demand estimation
Cantelmo, Guido; Qurashi, Moeid; Prakash, Arun et al

in Transportation Research Procedia (in press)

Time-dependent Origin–Destination (OD) demand flows are fundamental inputs for Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) systems and real-time traffic management. This work introduces a novel state-space framework ... [more ▼]

Time-dependent Origin–Destination (OD) demand flows are fundamental inputs for Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) systems and real-time traffic management. This work introduces a novel state-space framework to estimate these demand flows in an online context. Specifically, we propose to explicitly include trip-chaining behavior within the state-space formulation, which is solved using the well-established Kalman Filtering technique. While existing works already consider structural information and recursive behavior within the online demand estimation problem, this information has been always considered at the OD level. In this study, we introduce this structural information by explicitly representing trip-chaining within the estimation framework. The advantage is twofold. First, all trips belonging to the same tour can be jointly calibrated. Second, given the estimation during a certain time interval, a prediction of the structural deviation over the whole day can be obtained without the need to run additional simulations. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is demonstrated first on a toy network and then on a large real-world network. Results show that the model improves the prediction performance with respect to a conventional Kalman Filtering approach. We also show that, on the basis of the estimation of the morning commute, the model can be used to predict the evening commute without need of running additional simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe système juridictionnel de l’Union comme garantie de l’Etat de droit dans la jurisprudence récente de la CJUE
Zinonos, Panagiotis UL

in Revue du Droit de l'Union Européenne (in press)

La jurisprudence récente de la Cour de justice suggère que la fonction du système juridictionnel de l’Union, composé des juridictions nationales et européennes stricto sensu, n’est pas seulement de ... [more ▼]

La jurisprudence récente de la Cour de justice suggère que la fonction du système juridictionnel de l’Union, composé des juridictions nationales et européennes stricto sensu, n’est pas seulement de garantir le contenu matériel de l’Etat de droit. Les principes régissant ce système et ses mécanismes constituent en effet autant de composantes du contenu de l’Etat de droit et font du système juridictionnel une garantie à part entière de cette valeur fondatrice de l’Union. D’un point de vue procédural, la fonction nouvelle du système juridictionnel s’exprime par les obligations incombant aux Etats membres et par l’office européen du juge national, dont la pratique a transformé, dans un esprit de loyauté juridictionnelle et de volontarisme, les mécanismes du renvoi préjudiciel et du mandat d’arrêt européen en garanties systémiques de l’Etat de droit. La présente contribution propose une modélisation nouvelle de l’Union qui permet de visualiser le rapprochement du contenu systémique de la protection juridictionnelle et du principe européen de légalité mais aussi la suprématie du principe de loyauté qui non seulement affecte le principe de légalité mais fait aussi émerger des principes fonctionnels dérivés tels que la primauté et la confiance mutuelle. [less ▲]

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See detailGravel wash mud, a quarry waste material as supplementary cementitious material (SCM)
Thapa, Vishojit Bahadur UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL; Simon, Claude

in Cement and Concrete Research (in press)

The suitability of gravel wash mud (GWM), a sludge waste from gravel quarrying, is examined for its use as a partial Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) clinker substitute. The gravel wash mud was dried ... [more ▼]

The suitability of gravel wash mud (GWM), a sludge waste from gravel quarrying, is examined for its use as a partial Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) clinker substitute. The gravel wash mud was dried, milled into a fine powder and calcined at 750°C, 850°C and 950°C. In this study, various characterisation methods including particle size distribution (PSD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the simultaneous thermal analysis (STA) were applied on the calcined GWM powders to determine the optimal calcination temperature. Over 200 specimens were prepared based on different cement paste and mortar mixes to investigate the potential of calcined GWM powders as SCMs. The pozzolanic activity of the GWM powders was verified by applying strength-based evaluation methods, simultaneous thermal analysis and SEM on hardened samples. Very promising strength-enhancing capacities were observed for samples containing GWM powders calcined at 850°C with a OPC replacement level of 20 wt.%. [less ▲]

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See detailPlea bargaining at the International Criminal Court: Introducing transformative justice aspects prevalent in African cultures
Oyugi, Phoebe; Owiso, Owiso UL

in Leyh, Brianne McGonigle; Fraser, Julie (Eds.) Intersections of law and culture at the International Criminal Court (in press)

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See detailThe Effect of Rating Scale on Response Style: Experimental Evidence for Job Satisfaction
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Corrado, Luisa

in Journal of Well-Being Assessment (in press)

This paper explores the relationship between rating scales and response style using experimental data from a sample of 1500 households of the Innovation Panel (2008) which is part of the Understanding ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the relationship between rating scales and response style using experimental data from a sample of 1500 households of the Innovation Panel (2008) which is part of the Understanding Society database. Two random groups of individuals are being asked about their level of job satisfaction using a self-assessment questionnaire through two (7 and 11 points) rating options. By comparing the two groups, we explore the effects of the different rating scales on Extreme Response Style (ERS). The experimental design of the data enables us to show that both high and low Extreme Response Style (ERS) are correlated with personal and demographic characteristics. In addition, when comparing the shorter to a longer scale, we show that the survey design may generates tendency to choose responses at the extreme values of the distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailVom Sprechen zur Sprache. Versuch über die variationslinguistische Praxis des Begrenzens
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Palliwoda, Nicole; Sauer, Verena; Sauermilch, Stephanie (Eds.) Politische Grenzen – Sprachliche Grenzen? (in press)

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See detailThe European Economic Constitution and the Constitution of Social Europe: gleanings from the CJEU’s collective redundancies cases
Ratti, Luca UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Zaccaroni, Giovanni (Eds.) The Metamorphosis of the European Economic Constitution (in press)

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See detailA Survey of Challenges for Runtime Verification from Advanced Application Domains (Beyond Software)
Sánchez, César; Schneider, Gerardo; Ahrendt, Wolfgang et al

in Formal Methods in System Design (in press)

Runtime verification is an area of formal methods that studies the dynamic analysis of execution traces against formal specifications. Typically, the two main activities in runtime verification efforts ... [more ▼]

Runtime verification is an area of formal methods that studies the dynamic analysis of execution traces against formal specifications. Typically, the two main activities in runtime verification efforts are the process of creating monitors from specifications, and the algorithms for the evaluation of traces against the generated monitors. Other activities involve the instrumentation of the system to generate the trace and the communication between the system under analysis and the monitor. Most of the applications in runtime verification have been focused on the dynamic analysis of software, even though there are many more potential applications to other computational devices and target systems. In this paper we present a collection of challenges for runtime verification extracted from concrete application domains, focusing on the difficulties that must be overcome to tackle these specific challenges. The computational models that characterize these domains require to devise new techniques beyond the current state of the art in runtime verification. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Agile Approach to Validate a Formal Representation of the GDPR
Bartolini, Cesare UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Santos, Cristiana

in New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence (in press)

Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulæ the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation. To be legally substantiated, it requires that the formulæ express validly the ... [more ▼]

Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulæ the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation. To be legally substantiated, it requires that the formulæ express validly the legal meaning of the Regulation's articles. But legal experts are usually not familiar with logic, and this calls for an interdisciplinary validation methodology that bridges the communication gap between formal modelers and legal evaluators. We devise such a validation methodology and exemplify it over a knowledge base of articles of the GDPR translated into Reified I/O (RIO) logic and encoded in LegalRuleML. A pivotal element of the methodology is a human-readable intermediate representation of the logic formulæ that preserves the formulæ's meaning, while rendering it in a readable way to non-experts. After being applied over a use case, we prove that it is possible to retrieve feedback from legal experts about the formal representation of Art. 5.1a and Art. 7.1. What emerges is an agile process to build logic knowledge bases of legal texts, and to support their public trust, which we intend to use for a logic model of the GDPR, called DAPRECO knowledge base. [less ▲]

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