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See detailInteroceptive accuracy, emotion recognition, and emotion regulation in preschool children
Schaan, Luca; Schulz, André UL; Nuraydin, Sevim et al

in International Journal of Psychophysiology (in press)

Little is known about the conscious experience of internal bodily sensations in preschool-aged children. Given that preschoolers are in the most rapid phase of brain development, and display profound ... [more ▼]

Little is known about the conscious experience of internal bodily sensations in preschool-aged children. Given that preschoolers are in the most rapid phase of brain development, and display profound emotional development, it was the aim of the present study to establish an adapted interoceptive accuracy paradigm and to investigate associations between sociodemographic (age, sex) and emotional variables with interoceptive accuracy. Forty-nine children (aged 4-6 years) completed the jumping jack paradigm, a heartbeat tracking paradigm, which includes a noninvasive physical perturbation via performing jumping jacks for 10 seconds. An interoceptive accuracy score was based on the comparison between self-reported and objectively recorded heart rate prior to and after completion of jumping jacks. Children also completed validated measures for emotion recognition and emotion regulation. Children’s objectively recorded heart rate significantly increased after the JJP by 20 bpm on average. There was a positive relationship between reactivity on self-reported heart rate and objectively recorded heart rate increase. The derived scores for interoceptive accuracy increased with age, suggesting older children to report more self-reported heart rate change than objectively recorded, but were unrelated to children’s sex or BMI. While emotion recognition and regulation significantly increased with age, the interoceptive accuracy score was unrelated to emotion recognition, but marginally associated to emotion regulation. Children with higher interceptive accuracy score (i.e., self-reporting more heart rate change than objectively recorded) received lower emotion regulation score. The present study is the first to depict a novel behavioral paradigm to assess interoceptive accuracy in preschool-aged children. [less ▲]

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See detailCommentary on the UCITS Directive
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in European Financial Law (in press)

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See detailAn Empirical Study on the Potential Usefulness of Domain Models for Completeness Checking of Requirements
Arora, Chetan UL; Sabetzadeh, Mehrdad UL; Briand, Lionel UL

in Empirical Software Engineering (in press)

[Context] Domain modeling is a common strategy for mitigating incompleteness in requirements. While the benefits of domain models for checking the completeness of requirements are anecdotally known, these ... [more ▼]

[Context] Domain modeling is a common strategy for mitigating incompleteness in requirements. While the benefits of domain models for checking the completeness of requirements are anecdotally known, these benefits have never been evaluated systematically. [Objective] We empirically examine the potential usefulness of domain models for detecting incompleteness in natural-language requirements. We focus on requirements written as “shall”- style statements and domain models captured using UML class diagrams. [Methods] Through a randomized simulation process, we analyze the sensitivity of domain models to omissions in requirements. Sensitivity is a measure of whether a domain model contains information that can lead to the discovery of requirements omissions. Our empirical research method is case study research in an industrial setting. [Results and Conclusions] We have experts construct domain models in three distinct industry domains. We then report on how sensitive the resulting models are to simulated omissions in requirements. We observe that domain models exhibit near-linear sensitivity to both unspecified (i.e., missing) and under-specified requirements (i.e., requirements whose details are incomplete). The level of sensitivity is more than four times higher for unspecified requirements than under-specified ones. These results provide empirical evidence that domain models provide useful cues for checking the completeness of natural-language requirements. Further studies remain necessary to ascertain whether analysts are able to effectively exploit these cues for incompleteness detection. [less ▲]

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See detailComputational Arithmetic of Modular Forms
Wiese, Gabor UL

in Buyukasik, Engin; Inam, Ilker (Eds.) Notes from the International Autumn School on Computational Number Theory: Izmir Institute of Technology 2017 (in press)

These course notes are about computing modular forms and some of their arithmetic properties. Their aim is to explain and prove the modular symbols algorithm in as elementary and as explicit terms as ... [more ▼]

These course notes are about computing modular forms and some of their arithmetic properties. Their aim is to explain and prove the modular symbols algorithm in as elementary and as explicit terms as possible, and to enable the devoted student to implement it over any ring (such that a sufficient linear algebra theory is available in the chosen computer algebra system). The chosen approach is based on group cohomology and along the way the needed tools from homological algebra are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Criminal Court and Reparations: Judicial Innovation or Judicialisation of a Political Process?
Owiso, Owiso UL

in International Criminal Law Review (in press)

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court bestows reparative powers upon the court, a significant development in international criminal justice. However, the court still struggles to ... [more ▼]

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court bestows reparative powers upon the court, a significant development in international criminal justice. However, the court still struggles to effectively exercise this mandate. This article proceeds on the assumption that reparations for mass atrocities are best handled through domestic political processes rather than international criminal justice processes. The article interrogates the effectiveness of the court’s reparative powers by testing them as against the court’s practice, specifically in the Lubanga, Katanga and Al-Mahdi cases. The article concludes that despite noble intentions, practical realities and difficulties make doubtful the court’s suitability as a reparative forum for mass atrocities. Nevertheless, in the absence of a more suitable alternative for effective and meaningful reparations, the article proposes policy reforms to achieve robust reparative complementarity between the court and transitional states, and complementarity between the court’s reparative mandate and the Trust Fund for Victims’ assistance mandate. [less ▲]

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See detailKnowledge Sharing in a Coopetition Project Team: An Institutional Logics Perspective
D'Armagnac, Sophie; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; Salvetat, David

in Strategic Change (in press)

Cooperation between firms is often addressed from the perspective of relationship organizing; however, we know little about people’s working-level engagement in collective action during interfirm projects ... [more ▼]

Cooperation between firms is often addressed from the perspective of relationship organizing; however, we know little about people’s working-level engagement in collective action during interfirm projects. Focusing on cooperation between rival firms (coopetition), this paper explores how knowledge can be shared among participants. We conduct a case study of a joint-project team composed of staff from rival firms. Using the principles of grounded theory, we identify four distinct modes of knowledge sharing. By interpreting these modes in terms of temporalities and influential social structures, we develop an understanding of how individual engagement promotes knowledge sharing in an inter-firm coopetitive project. The study reexamines emerging orientations (cooperation and competition) according to institutional logics (market, corporation, and community) and temporalities. It also offers insight into the management of inter-organizational projects that are viewed as temporary organizations. [less ▲]

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See detailUnintended triadic closure in social networks: The strategic formation of research collaborations between French inventors.
Berge, Laurent UL; Carayol, Nicolas; Cassi, Lorenzo et al

in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (in press)

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See detailThe Latent Topic Block Model for the Co-Clustering of Textual Interaction Data
Berge, Laurent UL; Bouveyron, Charles; Corneli, Marco et al

in Computational Statistics and Data Analysis (in press)

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See detailA Note on Stein’s Overreaction Puzzle
Lin, Yuehao; Lehnert, Thorsten UL

in Decisions in Economics and Finance (in press)

Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical ... [more ▼]

Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical results are in line with their argument that the variance under risk-neutral measure is more persistent than the variance under physical measure due to a negative variance risk premium. But our results do not support their argument that the more persistent variance is able to qualitatively explain Stein’s findings. We show theoretically that the persistence of the volatility cannot amplify the movements of long-term variance to short-term fluctuations in variance, and, therefore, conclude that Stein’s overreaction puzzle is still unsolved. [less ▲]

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See detailDas Verhältnis zwischen Hochschule und Wissenschaft in Deutschland: Expansion – Produktion – Kooperation
Dusdal, Jennifer; Oberg, Achim; Powell, Justin J W UL

in DGS (Ed.) Komplexe Dynamiken globaler und lokaler Entwicklungen: Der Verhandlungsband des 39. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie vom 24.-28. September 2018 an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (in press)

Dieser Beitrag rekonstruiert den Einfluss der Hochschulentwicklung und der wissenschaftlichen Kapazitätsbildung auf die wissenschaftliche Wissensproduktion in Deutschland, einem der weltweit stärksten ... [more ▼]

Dieser Beitrag rekonstruiert den Einfluss der Hochschulentwicklung und der wissenschaftlichen Kapazitätsbildung auf die wissenschaftliche Wissensproduktion in Deutschland, einem der weltweit stärksten Produzenten wissenschaftlichen Wissen seit 1900. Folgende Forschungsfragen sollen beantwortet werden: Wie haben institutionalisierte Strukturen, und darin verschiedene Organisationsformen, die langfristige Entwicklung wissenschaftlicher Produktivität beeinflusst und verändert? In welchen organisationalen Netzwerken entwickelt sich aktuell die Wissenschaft weiter? Die Annäherung an den Forschungsgegenstand erfolgt auf der Makroebene anhand von Indikatoren zur Erfassung der globalen Expansion, Kooperation und Produktion der Wissenschaft. Vor dem Hintergrund dieses Untersuchungsrahmens wird dann auf der Mesoebene das Zusammenspiel von Organisationsformen in Deutschland mittels netzwerkanalytischer Verfahren betrachtet. Ziel des Beitrags ist, die Orte und institutionellen Settings wissenschaftlicher Produktion zu identifizieren und anhand ihrer Aufgaben und Ziele voneinander abzugrenzen sowie ihre Beziehungen zueinander herauszuarbeiten. Als theoretische Basis werden neo-institutionalistische Ansätze zur Untersuchung und Erklärung der Expansion des Hochschulwesens und der Wissenschaft und zur Analyse von organisationalen Netzwerken herangezogen. Grundlage der empirischen Analyse bilden Publikationen in peer-reviewed Zeitschriften als Kennzeichen wissenschaftlicher Produktion. [less ▲]

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See detailSearch-based Multi-Vulnerability Testing of XML Injections in Web Applications
Jan, Sadeeq UL; Panichella, Annibale UL; Arcuri, Andrea UL et al

in Empirical Software Engineering (in press)

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See detailSeeing is believing: Gender diversity in STEM is related to mathematics self-concept
Niepel, Christoph UL; Stadler, Matthias UL; Greiff, Samuel UL

in Journal of Educational Psychology (in press)

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See detailLe discours de Charles-Mathias Simons du 23 octobre 1856 : une première théorisation du monisme avec primauté du droit international
Heuschling, Luc UL

in Pauly, Michel; Jungblut, Marie-Paule; Frieseisen, Claude (Eds.) Les grands débats à la Chambre des députés (in press)

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See detailA qualitative meta-synthesis of reasons for the use or non-use of assistive technologies in the aging population
Abrilahij, Afsaneh UL; Boll, Thomas UL

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (in press)

Many older people have functional limitations. One possibility to overcome these limitations is assistive technology (AT), but their usage rate is still low. Existing models of AT use provide some insight ... [more ▼]

Many older people have functional limitations. One possibility to overcome these limitations is assistive technology (AT), but their usage rate is still low. Existing models of AT use provide some insight into possible reasons for use and non use of ATs, but the predictive value of these models in samples of older people is modest. This could be due to a neglect of relevant reasons in the predictor sets. To find further predictors we performed a systematic literature search in Google Scholar, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases and – applying an action-theoretical approach – a meta-synthesis of seven qualitative studies about older people´s reasons for use or non-use of ATs. We found 25 reasons referring to user´s beliefs and desires (e.g., about demand, act of using ATs, its consequences) of which 18 were not contained in existing AT use models. More of these reasons referred to the non-use than to the use of ATs. Some reasons generalized across ATs (e.g., perceived unreliability), whereas others (e.g., privacy concerns, desire to avoid burden to others) appeared specific to tele-alarm or smart home technology. We suggest integrating the newly identified reasons as additional predictors in existing AT use models to arrive at a more comprehensive model with improved predictive value and increased practical usefulness for developmental counseling. [less ▲]

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See detailThe ICO Goldrush - A challenge for Regulators
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Buckley, R; Arner, D. et al

in Harvard International Law Journal (in press)

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See detailThe Identity Challenge in Finance: From Analogue Identity to Digitized Identification to Digital KYC Utilities
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner, Douglas W.; Buckley, Ross P. et al

in European Business Organization Law Review (in press)

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See detailIs This Time Different? How Digitalization Influences Job Creation and Destruction
Balsmeier, Benjamin UL; Wörter, Martin

in Research Policy (in press)

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See detailScreening Powers in Investment Arbitration: Questions of Legal Change and Legitimacy
Radović, Relja UL

in Baetens, Freya (Ed.) The Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication (in press)

Screening powers of arbitral institutions over requests initiating investment arbitrations are often justified by the need to prevent embarrassment of states and to avoid unnecessary costs. This Chapter ... [more ▼]

Screening powers of arbitral institutions over requests initiating investment arbitrations are often justified by the need to prevent embarrassment of states and to avoid unnecessary costs. This Chapter examines possible effects of such powers, particularly on the arbitral development of the jurisdictional standards governing investment arbitration. Can administrative organs filter the demands for legal change that will be heard before tribunals, and if so, does this diminish the legitimacy of their screening powers? It is argued that screening powers offer possibilities of setting arbitrators’ agenda in terms of which demands for legal change will be considered. This could affect their legitimacy, but it does not mean that screening powers have completely lost their justification. It is suggested that such powers must be exercised with an extreme level of diligence, requiring an almost complete elimination of legal considerations, in order to safeguard their legitimacy. [less ▲]

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