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See detailDiachrone Interkulturalität
Wiegmann, Eva UL

Book published by Winter (in press)

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See detailEnvironmental and Sustainability Education in the Benelux Region
Van Poeck, Katrien; Wals, Arjen E.J.; König, Ariane UL

in Environmental Education Research (in press), (Special Issue),

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See detailEinführung. Zu einer diachronen Interkulturalitätsforschung
Wiegmann, Eva UL

in Wiegmann, Eva (Ed.) Diachrone Interkulturalität (in press)

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See detailInternet gaming disorder should qualify as a mental disorder
King, Daniel L; Delfabbro, Paul H; Potenza, Marc N et al

in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (in press)

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See detailTechnology-mediated addictive behaviors constitute a spectrum of related yet distinct conditions: A network perspective
Baggio, Stéphanie; Starcevic, Vladan; Studer, Joseph et al

in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors (in press)

An important ongoing debate in the addiction field is whether certain technologymediated behaviors constitute tenable and independent constructs. This study investigated whether problematic technology ... [more ▼]

An important ongoing debate in the addiction field is whether certain technologymediated behaviors constitute tenable and independent constructs. This study investigated whether problematic technology-mediated behaviors could be conceptualized as a spectrum of related, yet distinct disorders (spectrum hypothesis), using the network approach that considers disorders as networks of symptoms. We used data from the Cohort Study on Substance Use and Risk Factors (C-SURF), with a representative sample of young Swiss men (subsample of participants engaged in technology-mediated behaviors, n=3,404). Four technology-mediated addictive behaviors were investigated using symptoms derived from the DSM-5 and the component model of addiction: Internet, smartphone, gaming, and cybersex. Network analyses included network estimation and visualization, community detection tests, and centrality indices. The network analysis identified four distinct clusters corresponding to each condition, but only Internet addiction had numerous relationships with the other behaviors. This finding, along with the finding that there were few relationships between the other behaviors, suggests that smartphone addiction, gaming addiction, and cybersex addiction are relatively independent constructs. Internet addiction was often connected with other conditions through the same symptoms, suggesting that it could be conceptualized as an “umbrella construct,” i.e., a common vector that mediates specific online behaviors. The network analysis thus provides a preliminary support to the spectrum hypothesis and the focus on the specific activities performed online, while showing that the construct of “Internet addiction” is inadequate. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring impulsivity in Children: Adaptation and Validation of a Short Version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behaviors Scale in Children and Investigation of Its Links with ADHD
Geurten, Marie; Catale, Corinne; Gay, Philippe et al

in Journal of Attention Disorders (in press)

Objective: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. Method ... [more ▼]

Objective: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. Method: In this study, we adapted the short French adult version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale for use with children (short UPPS-P-C) and tested its psychometric properties. Results: Confirmatory factor analyses conducted on a sample of 425 children (aged from 8 to 14 years) supported the five-factor structure of the scale. Additional analyses emphasized the good internal and test-retest reliability of the short UPPS-P-C. Furthermore, our results also revealed that lack of premeditation and urgency subscales were able to discriminate between children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their matched controls. Conclusion: These results suggest that the short UPPS-P-C may be considered as a promising time-saving tool to assess impulsivity traits in healthy children and in children with psychiatric disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailKonferenzbericht: Tax and the Digital Economy – 20.4.2018, Universität Luxemburg
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Internationale Steuer-Rundschau : Zeitschrift für Internationales Steuerrecht (in press)

The ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation of the University of Luxembourg invited renowned tax experts to discuss “Tax and the Digital Economy” on 20 April 2018; one month after the OECD ... [more ▼]

The ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation of the University of Luxembourg invited renowned tax experts to discuss “Tax and the Digital Economy” on 20 April 2018; one month after the OECD published its 2018 interim report on BEPS Action 1 and the EU Commission its proposals on significant digital presence and a digital services tax. [less ▲]

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See detailBordertextures – vers une approche transdisciplinaire des frontières. Un rapport d’atelier
Weier, Sebastian; Fellner, Astrid; Frenk, Joachim et al

in Hamez, Grégory (Ed.) Réalités, perceptions et représentations des frontières de l'Union Européenne (in press)

La présente contribution est conçue sous forme d'un rapport d'atelier et donne un premier aperçu concernant le développement d'une approche des phénomènes de frontières et d'espaces frontaliers sur la ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution est conçue sous forme d'un rapport d'atelier et donne un premier aperçu concernant le développement d'une approche des phénomènes de frontières et d'espaces frontaliers sur la base des études culturelles. Cette approche tente d'être plus large que celle correspondant aux perspectives jusqu'à présent préconisées par les sciences sociales et appréhende les phénomènes des frontières et des espaces frontaliers en tant qu'entités composées de différentes pratiques et différents discours faisant référence aux frontières et aux différences. Ces entités comprises au sens de bordertextures sont exemplairement illustrées à travers des phénomènes concernant la frontière entre les États-Unis et le Mexique, la frontière franco-allemande et l'Irlande du Nord et elles sont déclinées en différentes dimensions d'analyse. Parmi ces dernières, la corporéalité, la spatialité et la matérialité figurent parmi les approches heuristiques des bordertextures que la présente contribution aborde à titre d'exemples. L'approche relativise la perspective largement répandue correspondant à une conception territoriale de la frontière pour élargir la palette des perspectives analytiques et celles des domaines analysés au sein des Border Studies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe New Institutionalism in Higher Education
Meyer, Heinz-Dieter; Powell, Justin J W UL

in David, M.E.; Amey, M.J. (Eds.) SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education (in press)

countries. It views educational institutions as a key producer of social cohesion by supplying the shared beliefs that generate shared cultural meanings. To most institutionalists, education (schools ... [more ▼]

countries. It views educational institutions as a key producer of social cohesion by supplying the shared beliefs that generate shared cultural meanings. To most institutionalists, education (schools, colleges, universities, but also home schooling, religious, and informal education) stands out as one of only a handful of key social institutions next to the family, the economy, religion, science, and government. Higher education takes its place in this nexus of institutions, as it globally expands in size and grows in strategic importance. [less ▲]

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See detailNo Random, No Ransom: A Key to Stop Cryptographic Ransomware
Genç, Ziya Alper UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Ryan, Peter UL

in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment (DIMVA 2018) (in press)

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See detailTax Treaty Arbitration in Luxembourg - National Report
Chaouche, Fatima UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

Report (in press)

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of ... [more ▼]

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of which only 12 provide for arbitration clauses. In contrast, while the Arbitration procedure is also available, it is barely used in practice as the MAP procedure proves to be the most common form of resolution of tax treaty dispute resolutions in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailÄrgerbezogene kognitive Verhaltenstherapie eines Jugendlichen in der Heimunterbringung. Eine Fallgeschichte.
Reiser, Manon; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Verhaltenstherapie (in press)

Jugendliche aus stationären Einrichtungen (z.B. Heime) sind häufig von der Chronifizierung einer psychischen Störung bedroht [Schmid, 2007]. Unter anderem aufgrund von Traumatisierungen sind ... [more ▼]

Jugendliche aus stationären Einrichtungen (z.B. Heime) sind häufig von der Chronifizierung einer psychischen Störung bedroht [Schmid, 2007]. Unter anderem aufgrund von Traumatisierungen sind externalisierende Verhaltensprobleme, z.B. wiederholter unangemessener Ärgerausdruck, festzustellen, die einen Behandlungserfolg in Frage stellen. Erforderlich ist es daher problematische Ärgerreaktionen von Jugendlichen zu thematisieren, und den Umgang mit Ärger zu verändern. In dieser Falldarstellung wird die Umsetzung eines 10-wöchigen kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutischen Ärgerbewältigungstrainings [Schwenkmezger et al., 1999] bei einem fremdplatzierten verhaltensauffälligen Jugendlichen aufgezeigt [Steffgen et al., 2014]. Die eingesetzten testdiagnostischen Verfahren belegen, dass die Bereitschaft zu aggressiven Verhaltensweisen sowie des nach außen gerichteten Ärgerausdrucks reduziert, und die Ärgerkontrolle erhöht wurde. Insgesamt konnte die Wirksamkeit der programmgestützten Intervention am Einzelfall nachgewiesen werden. Jugendliche in der Heimunterbringung können somit durch die Teilnahme an einer Ärgerintervention Nutzen ziehen, indem sie lernen ihre Emotionsregulation zu optimieren, um dadurch ihre soziale Kompetenz zu erhöhen. Ihre gesellschaftliche Eingliederung ließe sich dadurch erleichtern. [less ▲]

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See detailA rare loss-of function variant of ADAM17 is associated with late-onset familial Alzheimer disease
Hartl, Daniela; May, Patrick UL; Gu, Wei UL et al

in Molecular Psychiatry (in press)

Common variants of about 20 genes contributing to AD risk have so far been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, there is still a large proportion of heritability that might ... [more ▼]

Common variants of about 20 genes contributing to AD risk have so far been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, there is still a large proportion of heritability that might be explained by rare but functionally important variants. One of the so far identified genes with rare AD causing variants is ADAM10. Using whole-genome sequencing we now identified a single rare nonsynonymous variant (SNV) rs142946965 [p.R215I] in ADAM17 co-segregating with an autosomal-dominant pattern of late-onset AD in one family. Subsequent genotyping and analysis of available whole-exome sequencing data of additional case/control samples from Germany, the UK and the USA identified five variant carriers among AD patients only. The mutation inhibits pro-protein cleavage and the formation of the active enzyme, thus leading to loss-of-function of ADAM17 α-secretase. Further, we identified a strong negative correlation between ADAM17 and APP gene expression in human brain and present in vitro evidence that ADAM17 negatively controls the expression of APP. As a consequence, p.R215I mutation of ADAM17 leads to elevated Aß formation in vitro. Together our data supports a causative association of the identified ADAM17 variant in the pathogenesis of AD. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Good, The Bad and The Ugly, National Constitutional Courts and the EU Constitutional Identity
Zaccaroni, Giovanni UL

in Italian Journal of Public Law (in press), (2),

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See detail‘État de droit’ : Why import the German term ‘Rechtsstaat’ ?
Heuschling, Luc UL

in Meierhenrich, Jens; Loughlin, Martin (Eds.) The Cambridge Companion to the Rule of Law (in press)

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See detailDie Notwendigkeit inklusiver Bildung für die Erneuerung der Governancekonzepte: Deutschland und Luxemburg im Vergleich
Powell, Justin J W UL; Merz-Atalik, Kerstin

in Budde, Jürgen (Ed.) Inklusionsforschung im Spannungsfeld von Erziehungswissenschaft und Bildungspolitik (in press)

Die hohe und gestiegene Bedeutung inklusiver Bildung – für Individuen und Gesellschaften gleichermaßen – wird global, national, regional und lokal von verschiedensten Akteur*innen hervorgehoben sowie ... [more ▼]

Die hohe und gestiegene Bedeutung inklusiver Bildung – für Individuen und Gesellschaften gleichermaßen – wird global, national, regional und lokal von verschiedensten Akteur*innen hervorgehoben sowie zunehmend auch wissenschaftlich multidisziplinär diskutiert. Fragen der Steuerung, der Governance, hingegen, sind bisher im deutschsprachigen Raum nur wenig systematisch oder umfassend analysiert worden, obwohl mehrere Wissenschaftsdisziplinen sich zunehmend mit diesen Fragen auseinandersetzen. Während politikwissenschaftliche Analysen die Machtstrukturen, Pfadabhängigkeiten und Entscheidungsprozesse fokussieren haben soziologische Analysen die globale Diffusion von Diskursen und Normen sowie systembedingte Komplexitäten und Umsetzungsschwierigkeiten vielfältiger Reformen verdeutlicht. Die Erziehungswissenschaft, nicht nur in der deutsch-sprachigen Welt, hat sich lange Zeit schwer getan, sich eindeutig zu den brisanten bildungs- als auch sozialpolitischen Fragen der inklusiven Bildung – auch die zentrale Frage der Governance – zu positionieren, weil es das fundamentale Verhältnis von Allgemeiner und Sonderpädagogik hinterfragt sowie in letzter Konsequenz die Transformation des gegliederten und hochgradig selektiven Bildungswesen verlangt. Dieser Band beleuchtet eben dieses Spannungsverhältnis aus verschiedenen Perspektiven; in diesem Beitrag wird deshalb versucht, verschiedene Dimensionen der Governance auf der Forschungsagenda zu platzieren, wie auch in zwei konkreten Fällen – Deutschland und Luxemburg – zu vertiefen. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral Anti-Avoidance Rules in EU Law (EU Report IFA Congress 2018)
Haslehner, Werner UL; García Prats, Alfredo; Heydt, Volker et al

in IFA (Ed.) Cahiers de droit fiscal international, Volume 103A (in press)

While the EU Treaties do not contain a general anti-abuse rule, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) uses the concept of abuse of law when interpreting the EU Treaties in multiple substantive ... [more ▼]

While the EU Treaties do not contain a general anti-abuse rule, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) uses the concept of abuse of law when interpreting the EU Treaties in multiple substantive areas of law, including direct taxation. Current EU mechanisms for protection against abusive practices have that case law as a common root. This Report therefore starts by evaluating the emergence of the concept of abuse in the case law of the ECJ with regard to the fundamental freedoms. In this respect, the Court has accepted that discriminatory anti-avoidance rules can be justified by overriding reasons in the general interest but only where such rule specifically relates to wholly artificial arrangements aimed at circumventing the application of the legislation of the Member State concerned. Moreover, general and special anti-abuse provisions are enshrined in secondary EU law instruments. This concerns the general anti-avoidance rule for the area of corporate taxation, which was introduced by the Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD) and will be effective from 1 January 2019, and the more specific rules in the Parent-Subsidiary Directive (PSD), the Merger Directive (MD) and the Interest-Royalty Directive (IRD). This Report explains the scope of these provisions, their interpretation and application, and their relationship with primary EU law, tax treaties and national law. Finally, this Report provides a brief outlook on the impact of EU law on domestic tax systems in this field, stressing that general anti-abuse measures might create tensions with fundamental taxpayers’ rights, such as the right to legal certainty and the freedom to arrange one’s economic affairs. [less ▲]

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See detailBlunted endocrine response to a combined physical-cognitive stressor in adults with early life adversity
Hengesch, X.; Elwenspoek, M.M.C.; Schaan, Violetta UL et al

in Child Abuse & Neglect (in press)

The negative health effects of early life adversity (ELA) continue long into adulthood. Changes in the physiological response to psychosocial stressors have been proposed to mediate this effect. However ... [more ▼]

The negative health effects of early life adversity (ELA) continue long into adulthood. Changes in the physiological response to psychosocial stressors have been proposed to mediate this effect. However, many previous studies have come to contradicting conclusions as to whether ELA induces a long-term increase or decrease in stress reactivity. Therefore, we tested the association of ELA exposure and adult stress reactivity in a sample of early life adoptees and controls.Two previously validated stressful elements (bilateral feet CPT and the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT)) were combined in an extended Cold Pressor Test (CPT). This test was performed on 22 participants who had experienced severe ELA (separation from biological parents, institutionalization, and adoption in early childhood), and in 22 age-matched control participants.A prior history of ELA was associated with blunted reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (Cohen´s d = 0.680). Cardiovascular reactivity remained unchanged, and affective reactivity (self-report ratings) were increased in participants exposed to ELA compared to the control group (range Cohen´s d: 0.642–0.879).Our results suggest that the activity of the HPA axis reactivity was inhibited in ELA participants. Importantly, cardiovascular stress responsiveness was not affected by ELA. This separation of the HPA axis and cardiovascular stress responses may best be explained by ELA selectively enhancing central feedback-sensitivity to glucocorticoids, but preserving cardiovascular/ autonomic stress reactivity. [less ▲]

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