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See detailNew synthetic opioids: Part of a new addiction landscape.
Karila, Laurent; Marillier, Maude; Chaumette, Boris et al

in Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews (in press)

Synthetic opioids (SO) are a major risk for public health across the world. These drugs can be divided into 2 categories, pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical fentanyls. A new generation of SO has ... [more ▼]

Synthetic opioids (SO) are a major risk for public health across the world. These drugs can be divided into 2 categories, pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical fentanyls. A new generation of SO has emerged on the drug market since 2010. North America is currently facing an opioid epidemic of morbi-mortality, caused by over-prescription of opioids, illegally diverted prescribed medicines, the increasing use of heroin, is and the emergence of SO. Furthermore, this opioid crisis is also seen in Europe. SO are new psychoactive substances characterized by different feature such as easy availability on the Internet, low price, purity, legality, and lack of detection in laboratory tests. They have not been approved or are not recommended for human use. Opioid misuse is associated with somatic and psychiatric complications. For many substances, limited pharmacological information is available, increasing the risk of harmful adverse events. Health actors and the general population need to be clearly informed of the potential risks and consequences of the diffusion and use of SO. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopper la pensée algébrique à travers une activité de généralisation basée sur des motifs (patterns) figuratifs
Vlassis, Joëlle UL; Demonty, Isabelle; Squalli, Hassane

in Nouveaux cahiers de la recherche en éducation (in press), 3

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See detailSchool Attitude and Perceived Teacher Acceptance: Developmental Trajectories, Temporal Relations, and Gender Differences
Arens, Anne Katrin; Niepel, Christoph UL

in British Journal of Educational Psychology (in press)

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See detailThe English and German versions of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale: Establishing measurement invariance across nationality and gender groups
Niepel, Christoph UL; Greiff, Samuel UL; Mohr, Jonathan J. et al

in Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity (in press)

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See detailOn a Software-Defined CAN Controller for Embedded Systems
Gianluca, Cena; Cibrario Bertolotti, Ivan; Hu, Tingting UL et al

in Computer Standards and Interfaces (in press)

Controller Area Network (CAN) technology is nowadays ubiquitous in vehicular applications and is also gaining popularity in other contexts, for instance, embedded and industrial automation systems. The ... [more ▼]

Controller Area Network (CAN) technology is nowadays ubiquitous in vehicular applications and is also gaining popularity in other contexts, for instance, embedded and industrial automation systems. The recent standardization of CAN with flexible data rate (CAN FD), as well as other academic proposals, have highlighted the usefulness of enhancing the CAN physical and data link layers to attain better performance and other features. This paper describes a portable software-defined CAN controller called SDCC. Besides being handy as a research tool for experimenting with novel protocol concepts at the data link layer, SDCC is also fully capable of real-time execution. Hence, it can interact with real-world CAN devices through a physical bus interface. [less ▲]

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See detailShape optimization of structures with cutouts by an efficient approach based on XIGA and chaotic particle swarm optimization
Wang, Chao; Yu, Tiantang; Shao, Guojian et al

in European Journal of Mechanics. A, Solids (in press)

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See detailA tutorial on Bayesian inference to identify material parameters in solid mechanics
Rappel, Hussein UL; Beex, Lars UL; Hale, Jack UL et al

in Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering (in press)

The aim of this contribution is to explain in a straightforward manner how Bayesian inference can be used to identify material parameters of material models for solids. Bayesian approaches have already ... [more ▼]

The aim of this contribution is to explain in a straightforward manner how Bayesian inference can be used to identify material parameters of material models for solids. Bayesian approaches have already been used for this purpose, but most of the literature is not necessarily easy to understand for those new to the field. The reason for this is that most literature focuses either on complex statistical and machine learning concepts and/or on relatively complex mechanical models. In order to introduce the approach as gently as possible, we only focus on stress-strain measurements coming from uniaxial tensile tests and we only treat elastic and elastoplastic material models. Furthermore, the stress-strain measurements are created artificially in order to allow a one-to-one comparison between the true parameter values and the identified parameter distributions. [less ▲]

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See detailEqualization Taxes and the EU's 'Digital Services Tax'
Kofler, Georg; Sinnig, Julia UL

in Intertax, International Tax Review (in press)

Equalization taxes have a number of potential disadvantages and shortcomings, including their negative impact on growth, innovation and productivity, non-neutrality, double taxation, and problems in ... [more ▼]

Equalization taxes have a number of potential disadvantages and shortcomings, including their negative impact on growth, innovation and productivity, non-neutrality, double taxation, and problems in compliance and administration. However, some also view them as a politically feasible way to address perceived ‘unfairness’ in the territorial allocation of taxing rights in a digitalized economy. In any event, however, there are also certain technical features any such tax should comply with, including, e.g. compliance with international obligations (e.g. EU and tax treaty law), administrative simplicity, and a scope that is not overreaching. This contribution will address the general background of ‘equalization taxes’, the fundamental objections raised against it, and the relevant design features, both on a general level and specifically with regard to the proposal for an EU ‘Digital Services Tax’. [less ▲]

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See detailQualification of the Digital Services Tax Under Tax Treaties
Hohenwarter, Daniela; Kofler, Georg; Mayr, Gunter et al

in Intertax, International Tax Review (in press)

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See detailTen-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10): Measurement invariance and cross-cultural validation across seven language-based samples
Király, Orsolya; Bothe, Beáta; Ramos-Diaz, Jano et al

in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors (in press)

The Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10) is a short screening instrument developed to assess Internet gaming disorder (IGD) as proposed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental ... [more ▼]

The Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10) is a short screening instrument developed to assess Internet gaming disorder (IGD) as proposed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM–5), adopting a concise, clear, and consistent item-wording. According to initial studies conducted in 2014, the instrument showed promising psychometric characteristics. The present study tested the psychometric properties, including language and gender invariance, in a large international sample of online gamers. In this study, data were collected from 7,193 participants comprising Hungarian (n = 3,924), Iranian (n = 791), English-speaking (n = 754), French-speaking (n = 421), Norwegian (n = 195), Czech (n = 496), and Peruvian (n = 612) online gamers via gaming-related websites and gaming-related social-networking-site groups. A unidimensional factor structure provided a good fit to the data in all language-based samples. In addition, results indicated both language and gender invariance on the level of scalar invariance. Criterion and construct validity of the IGDT-10 was supported by its strong association with the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire and moderate association with weekly gaming time, psychopathological symptoms, and impulsivity. The proportions of each sample that met the cut-off score on the IGDT-10 varied between 1.61% and 4.48% in the individual samples, except for the Peruvian sample (13.44%). The IGDT-10 shows robust psychometric properties and appears suitable for conducting cross-cultural and gender comparisons across seven languages. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing Passive Data Collection Methods to Learn Complex Mobility Patterns: An Exploratory Analysis
Toader, Bogdan UL; Cantelmo, Guido UL; Popescu, Mioara et al

Scientific Conference (in press)

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See detailJewish responses to anti-Semitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s as European Jewish political history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Bajohr, Frank; Löw, Andrea; Wirsching, Andreas (Eds.) Right-Wing Politics and the Rise of Antisemitism in Europe 1935-1941 (in press)

This article compares Jewish responses to antisemitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s, when antisemitism was on the rise in both France and the United Kingdom. There were striking similarities in ... [more ▼]

This article compares Jewish responses to antisemitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s, when antisemitism was on the rise in both France and the United Kingdom. There were striking similarities in these responses, yet local contexts and circumstances dominate the historiographies of both cases. The main aim of this article, then, is not so much to offer new insights into the individual cases (both of which have been abundantly analyzed in historical research), but rather to fill a gap by examining the broader factors that account for these similarities. On the one hand, the article examines the nature of Jewish self-identification in the post-Emancipation era and its effects on the political cultures, practices, and identifications of the actors that were involved; on the other, it explores the way in which these practices were also shaped by migration and transnational aspects. Ultimately, this case study will argue for a comparative and transnational approach to Jewish political history in order to arrive at a better understanding of its diverse configurations and permutations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe ‘Jewish Freedom Fighter’. The legacy of Naftali Botwin and the construction of a transnational cult of Jewish heroes
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Royer, Clara; Balazs (Eds.) Cult of Heroes in Central Europe from the 1880s to the Second World War – Transnational and Transdisciplinary Aspects. (in press)

This article discusses the transnational heroic cult that developed in Yiddish communist circles around the figure of Naftali Botwin, a young Polish-Jewish communist who was executed by Polish authorities ... [more ▼]

This article discusses the transnational heroic cult that developed in Yiddish communist circles around the figure of Naftali Botwin, a young Polish-Jewish communist who was executed by Polish authorities in the city of Lwów, following a trial in which he was convicted for assassinating a police infiltrator in the ranks of the Polish Communist Party (KPP). The discussion highlights how Botwin’s legacy was appropriated in multiple, and sometimes contrasting, ways in the decades following his death, especially within the context of the creation of the Botwin Company in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. In doing so it will also highlight the transnational nature of this cult, as his memory lived on through poems, plays and publications that circulated through the worldwide networks and communicative spaces of Jewish (leftist) émigrés. [less ▲]

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See detailProbing gambling urge as a state construct: Evidence from a sample of community gamblers
Canale, Natale; Cornil, Aurélien; Giroux, Isabelle et al

in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors (in press)

Little effort has been made to systematically test the psychometric properties of the Gambling Craving Scale (GACS; Young & Wohl, 2009). The GACS is adapted from the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges ... [more ▼]

Little effort has been made to systematically test the psychometric properties of the Gambling Craving Scale (GACS; Young & Wohl, 2009). The GACS is adapted from the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges (Tiffany & Drobes, 1991) and thus measures gambling-related urge. Crucially, the validation of scales assessing gambling urge is complex, as this construct is better conceptualized as a state (a transient and context-determined phenomenon). In the present study, we tested the psychometric properties of the French version of the GACS with 2 independent samples of community gamblers following an induction procedure delivered through an audio-guided imagery sequence aimed at promoting gambling urge. This procedure was specifically used to ensure the assessment of gambling urge as a state variable. Participants also completed measures of gambling severity, gambling cognitions and motives, impulsivity, and affect. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that the original 3-factor solution (anticipation, desire, relief) did not fit the data well. Additional exploratory factor analysis (EFA) suggested instead a 2-factor solution: intention and desire to gamble dimension and a relief dimension. The factorial structure resulting from the EFA was tested with CFA in a second independent sample, resulting in an acceptable fit. The 2 dimensions presented good internal reliability and correlated differentially with the other study’s variables. The current study showed that, similar to what has been reported for substance-related urges, gambling urges are adequately probed with a bidimensional model. The findings suggest that the French GACS has good psychometric properties, legitimizing its use in research and clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailA Critical Co/Autoethnographic Exploration of Self: Becoming Science Education Researchers in Diverse Cultural and Linguistic Landscapes
Park, Jennifer; Wilmes, Sara UL

in Bazzul, Jesse (Ed.) Critical voices in science education research: Narratives of academic journeys (in press)

In today’s globalized society, linguistic and cultural worlds collide bringing people, cultures, and languages together in diverse ways that can influence a person’s identity and sense of self. Due to the ... [more ▼]

In today’s globalized society, linguistic and cultural worlds collide bringing people, cultures, and languages together in diverse ways that can influence a person’s identity and sense of self. Due to the porous boundaries of people’s identities, increased globalization can lead to identity confusion, which can influence how open individuals are to integration (Hermans and Hermans-Konopka 2010). This confusion increases as countries across the world experience what Vertovec (2006) describes as super-diversity, a “world in one city” (Benedictus and Godwin 2005, p. 2). Super-diversity can be described as a dynamic interplay of variables among increasing numbers of new, small and scattered, multiple-origin, transnationally connected, socio-economically differentiated, and legally stratified number of immigrants throughout the world (Vertovec 2007). While some researchers have claimed that globalization can result in a loss of cultural diversity (Tomlinson 2003), the integration of plurilingual and pluricultural people in diverse contexts can also result in greater awareness of diversity. To understand the impact of globalization on an individual’s identity and sense of self, research can be a powerful tool. In particular, research that critically focuses on examining oneself can reveal new knowledge of the self that may inform one’s research endeavors. In this chapter, we share the process of collaborative autoethnography (co-autoethnography), that we used to individually and collaboratively examine and reflect upon our experiences at the start of our doctoral research paths. We used this critical methodology to help us make sense of our individual and collective experiences in two different multilingual/multicultural research settings – South Korea and Luxembourg. Specifically, we attempt to tease apart the relationship that exists between language, culture, and self. In addition, building from a discussion of the benefits and challenges of implementing this method, we share what we learned from this narrative process about ourselves, and about how we engaged and continued to engage in science education research. We share our co-autoethnographic process that helped us push the boundaries of our research, and that gave each of us a deeper understanding of our own positionality within our research contexts. We do so with the hopes of encouraging other researchers to undergo such processes in order to further investigate their own self and the position of their selves in their research. [less ▲]

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See detailA Big Data Demand Estimation Framework for Modelling of Urban Congested Networks
Cantelmo, Guido UL; Viti, Francesco UL

in CSUM 2018, AISC 879 proceedings (in press)

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See detailDoes change in attention control mediate the impact of tDCS on attentional bias for threat? Limited evidence from a double-blind sham-controlled experiment in an unselected sample
Coussement, Charlotte; Maurage, Pierre; Billieux, Joël UL et al

in Psychologica Belgica (in press)

Neurocognitive models of attentional bias for threat posit that attentional bias may result from a decreased activation of the left prefrontal cortex, and especially of its dorsolateral part (dlPFC ... [more ▼]

Neurocognitive models of attentional bias for threat posit that attentional bias may result from a decreased activation of the left prefrontal cortex, and especially of its dorsolateral part (dlPFC), resulting in an impaired attention control. Consequently, a transient increase of neural activity within the left dlPFC via non-invasive brain stimulation reduces attentional bias among both anxious and nonanxious participants. Yet, it is still unclear whether the impact of dlPFC activation on attentional bias is mediated by improvement in attention control. In this experiment, we sought to test this hypothesis in an unselected sample (n = 20). Accordingly, we adopted a double-blind within-subject protocol in which we delivered a single-session of anodal versus sham transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) over the left dlPFC during the completion of a task assessing attention control. We also assessed its subsequent impact on attentional bias. Neither attention control nor attentional bias did significantly improve following anodal tDCS. Although our results did not support our main hypothesis, we believe the present null results to be particularly useful for future meta-research in the field. We also formulated a series of methodological recommendations for future research aiming at testing the tDCS-induced modification of attentional bias. [less ▲]

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See detailWie? Warum? Oder warum nicht? Mobilitätsfelder sowie Motivationen und Barrieren für Jugendmobilität in Europa
Hemming, Karen; Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Schlimbach, Tabea et al

in Forum Jugendarbeit International (in press)

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