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See detailFunctional impairment matters in the screening and diagnosis of gaming disorder
Billieux, Joël UL; King, Daniel Luke; Higuchi, Susumu et al

in Journal of Behavioral Addictions (in press)

This commentary responds to Aarseth et al.’s (in press) criticisms that the ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal would result in “moral panics around the harm of video gaming” and “the treatment of abundant ... [more ▼]

This commentary responds to Aarseth et al.’s (in press) criticisms that the ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal would result in “moral panics around the harm of video gaming” and “the treatment of abundant false-positive cases.” The ICD-11 Gaming Disorder avoids potential “overpathologizing” with its explicit reference to functional impairment caused by gaming and therefore improves upon a number of flawed previous approaches to identifying cases with suspected gaming-related harms. We contend that moral panics are more likely to occur and be exacerbated by misinformation and lack of understanding, rather than proceed from having a clear diagnostic system [less ▲]

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See detailBetween‐school variation in students’ achievement, motivation, affect, and learning strategies: Results from 81 countries for planning group‐randomized trials in education
Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL; Wenger, Marina et al

in Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness (in press)

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See detailOn the Risk of Tool Over-tuning in Runtime Verification Competitions
Bianculli, Domenico UL; Krstic, Srdan

in Proceedings of RV-CUBES 2017: an International Workshop on Competitions, Usability, Benchmarks, Evaluation, and Standardisation for Runtime Verification Tools (in press)

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See detailScientific and legal concepts of care dependency: Role for understanding, emotional responding, and acting in the field of elder care
Boll, Thomas UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of care in aging (in press)

In this chapter, we analyze scientific and legal concepts of care dependency and explore their roles for understanding, emotional responding, and acting of various participants in the field of elder care ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we analyze scientific and legal concepts of care dependency and explore their roles for understanding, emotional responding, and acting of various participants in the field of elder care. First, two comprehensive concepts from the nursing sciences are contrasted. Then we compare a scientific and two legal concepts (restrictive vs. inclusive) of care dependency from the German long-term care (LTC) system, the last of which regulate older persons´ access to LTC benefits. Here, we consider their different implications for the risk of unmet psychological, social, and temporary care needs. Next, we examine the theoretical and methodological roles of different care dependency concepts for assessment as well as the analysis of prevalence, antecedents, consequences, and the management of care dependency. Following this, we explore possible functions of care dependency concepts as cognitive mediators of various agents’ activities related to elder care, which opens new topics for further research. Among these, we include the ascription of care dependency by various actors, older people´s self-presentation, and family carers´ presentation and LTC administrators´ evaluation of an older person´s care dependency. Further issues addressed are the education of professional care workers and professionals´ provision of elder care. Here, special attention is devoted to the implications of a shift from a restrictive to a more inclusive legal concept of care dependency as recently happened in Germany. Finally, we discuss the implications of inclusive legal concepts of care dependency for the improvement of elder care quality [less ▲]

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See detailTeachers’ assessments of students’ achievements: The ecological validity of studies using case vignettes
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Hörstermann, Thomas UL; Glock, Sabine et al

in Journal of Experimental Education (in press)

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See detailConvergence of credit structure around the world
Leon, Florian UL

in Economic Modelling (in press)

This paper studies convergence of credit structure worldwide. We hand-collect data on credit to household and firm credit for 143 countries over the period 1995-2014. First, we separately document the ... [more ▼]

This paper studies convergence of credit structure worldwide. We hand-collect data on credit to household and firm credit for 143 countries over the period 1995-2014. First, we separately document the existence of a convergence process of total credit, household credit and firm credit, respectively. Second, we find that convergence of household credit occurs faster than firm credit, inducing a process of convergence of the share of household credit to total credit. Third, convergence occurs faster in low-income countries and in countries with a lower initial level of total credit but slows down after the 2008 global financial crisis. Finally, our data investigation does not support the idea that convergence is driven by changing conditions in developing countries. [less ▲]

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See detailTemPsy-Check: a Tool for Model-driven Trace Checking of Pattern-based Temporal Properties
Dou, Wei; Bianculli, Domenico UL; Briand, Lionel UL

in Proceedings of RV-CUBES 2017: an International Workshop on Competitions, Usability, Benchmarks, Evaluation, and Standardisation for Runtime Verification Tools (in press)

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See detailSustainability in small states: Luxembourg as a post-suburban space under growth pressure in need of a cross-national sustainability
Carr, Constance UL

in Brinkmann, Robert; Garren, Sandra (Eds.) Handbook of Sustainability: Case Studies and Practical Solutions (in press)

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See detailToward a Qualitative Understanding of Binge-Watching Behaviors: A Focus Group Approach
Flayelle, Maèva UL; Maurage, Pierre; Billieux, Joël UL

in Journal of Behavioral Addictions (in press)

Background and aims: Binge-watching (i.e., seeing multiple episodes of the same TV series in a row) now constitutes a widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about the psychological factors ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Binge-watching (i.e., seeing multiple episodes of the same TV series in a row) now constitutes a widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about the psychological factors underlying this behavior, as reflected by the paucity of available studies, most merely focusing on its potential harmfulness by applying the classic criteria used for other addictive disorders without exploring the uniqueness of binge-watching. The present study thus aimed to take the opposite approach as a first step toward a genuine understanding of binge-watching behaviors through a qualitative analysis of the phenomenological characteristics of TV series watching. Methods: A focus group of regular TV series viewers (N=7) was established to explore a wide range of aspects related to TV series watching (e.g., motives, viewing practices, related behaviors). Results: A content analysis identified bingewatching features across three dimensions: TV series watching motivations, TV series watching engagement, and structural characteristics of TV shows. Most participants acknowledged that TV series watching can become addictive, but they all agreed having trouble recognizing themselves as truly being an “addict.” Although obvious connections could be established with substance addiction criteria and symptoms, such parallelism appeared to be insufficient, as several distinctive facets emerged (e.g., positive view, transient overinvolvement, context dependency, low everyday life impact). Discussion and conclusions: Research should go beyond the classic biomedical and psychological models of addictive behaviors to account for binge-watching in order to explore its specificities and generate first steps toward an adequate theoretical rationale for these emerging problematic behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailDrama of Multilingualism: Theory and Practice
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Book published by Information Age Publications (2018)

Why drama of multilingualism? Who cares about it? The book starts with a vignette on the (mis)understandings of the kindergarten situation around strawberries. By this vignette, I introduce different ... [more ▼]

Why drama of multilingualism? Who cares about it? The book starts with a vignette on the (mis)understandings of the kindergarten situation around strawberries. By this vignette, I introduce different levels of power relations between children, parents and teachers around language use. I then use Nancy Hornberger’s (1989) Continua of Biliteracy model through which I broaden this vignette and describe the structure of the book: why I chose to deal with this subject, what is my approach, why I conducted the interviews and discussion with the experts and their students in the US and how I plan to integrate this into something novel worth reading. Through the interaction with the experts on the topic I had during the interviews I focus on several topics: the necessity of defining and theorising in a specific social context, power relations, language policy, linguistic creativity and criticality, support for multilingual identity, gap in research. I conclude by underlining the notion of whether there is more or less drama in this field and who cares about it. [less ▲]

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See detailThe ability to read numbers: A universal measure?
Tymms, Peter; Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Bartholo, Tiago et al

in AERA (2018)

This study tests the hypothesis that there is a single pathway for the order in which children learn to identify numbers. Although a prime facie case can be made, systematic variation might be expected ... [more ▼]

This study tests the hypothesis that there is a single pathway for the order in which children learn to identify numbers. Although a prime facie case can be made, systematic variation might be expected because of teaching, or language of instruction, or country of origin. This study concludes that such variations are minor and that the pathway that children follow when learning to identify numbers follows the same pattern across different groups. This finding is significant in furthering our knowledge of children’s early mathematics development; it suggests that there is a universal developmental scale from which the diverse aspects of mathematical development can be viewed. This lays the foundation for international comparisons of the mathematical development of young children. [less ▲]

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See detailExperiencing Culture in Intimate Intercultural Relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Book published by Information Age Publications (2018)

I introduce the book starting by my own personal experience of growing up in a mixed family and being myself in a mixed marriage. I describe the structure of the book by building up my own method: how I ... [more ▼]

I introduce the book starting by my own personal experience of growing up in a mixed family and being myself in a mixed marriage. I describe the structure of the book by building up my own method: how I chose this topic, who were the people I interviewed, how (interviews, stories, and objects) and why was the single-but-critical instances analysis important. I focus on the richness of the interaction I had with the interviewees. I underlie the phenomenological stories of struggles, trust and vulnerability. The chapters resolve around power relations, expressing affection, in-depth communication, child rearing, conflict resolution strategies, empathy, female identity, future planning, the role of humor, the biggest cultural and linguistic challenges and opportunities. The focus is on the phenomenon captured in single-but-critical instances in participants' stories. I conclude by describing what significance culture has in intimate intercultural relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailLove in intercultural relationships: Affection, commitment, romantic beliefs and conflicts
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Mathes, Magali

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2018)

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing ... [more ▼]

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing love and affection and on other factors like commitment and romantic beliefs in intercultural romantic relationships, and the conflicts that might occur due to the cultural and linguistic differences in intercultural romantic relationships. Two intercultural couples participated in this study. They were interviewed using a semi-structured approach and were recorded. These were transcribed and coded with the coding scheme based on the Grounded Theory. The findings suggest that culture and language have a quite significant influence on expressing love and affection in intercultural romantic relationships. Furthermore, cultural and linguistic differences can have an influence on becoming committed to another person. The expression of romantic beliefs can also be influenced by the different cultural backgrounds. Cultural and linguistic differences can predict conflicts in intercultural romantic relationships. In this study, barriers in communication, differences in religion and different perspectives on concepts such as homosexuality are at the core of these conflicts. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of humor in intimate intercultural relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Nadine, Thomas

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2018)

Current humor research tends to accentuate the positive and neglect the negative. Often, the healing power is in the center of humor research; however, less is reported about the negative effects humor ... [more ▼]

Current humor research tends to accentuate the positive and neglect the negative. Often, the healing power is in the center of humor research; however, less is reported about the negative effects humor can have if not used adequately. In particular, less is known about the appropriate and in-appropriate use of humor in an intercultural context. The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to bridge this lack in humor research by trying to identify the fine line between appropriate and in-appropriate humor. If humor is used appropriately, it can have a huge power to bridge cultural divides. Thus, this thesis aimed as well to investigate the use of humor as a coping strategy in intimate intercultural couples. Thirdly, additional functions of humor shall be explored. Semi-structured, focused interviews were conducted with two intimate intercultural couples. Participants were of Irish, Luxembourgish, German and French-Canadian nationality. Interview data was then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results revealed that the appropriate use of humor depends on personal, linguistic, and cultural factors. Overall, self-deprecating humor seems to be the safest type of humor, whereas sarcasm can be experienced as hurtful even if not intended to be. Ethnic humor can have positive effects, too, if it is directed versus the own culture and not versus foreign cultures. Moreover, results revealed that humor mainly serves two functions in intimate intercultural relationships: the one of bonding and the one of coping. Humor as a coping strategy can be used internally, hence related to relationship issues, as well as externally, thus related to external stressors. One can conclude that the function of bonding and coping cannot be clearly distinguished. Consequently, it proves that humor can be a useful tool in bridging intercultural and interpersonal divides. Limitations of the study clearly lie in its sample size, which does not allow to draw any generalizations. In the future, similar studies with a larger sample size as well as with non-Western cultures would be interesting to investigate in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture planning of intercultural couples: A case study of a couple migrating to New Zealand
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; David, Flechsig

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2018)

There has not yet been any research done on future planning in international and intercultural couples. The purpose of this case study is to give a first insight into the process of future planning in ... [more ▼]

There has not yet been any research done on future planning in international and intercultural couples. The purpose of this case study is to give a first insight into the process of future planning in intercultural couples. A qualitative case study with two participants, one from New Zealand and one from Belgium who are immigrating to New Zealand. One interview with each participant was held before the couple moved to New Zealand for three months and one more interview with each participant after they returned. Results are plentiful. A clear sign that different cultural backgrounds influence future planning seems to exist. Further the couple reported multiple projects and events in which decision making, goal hierarchy and future planning existed. Not all results have been analysed and are available for further use.This case study offers a first insight into future planning of international and intercultural couples. The next step would be to try to support the findings with quantitative data. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentity of women in intercultural intimate relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Natalie, Buedgen

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2018)

Due to the increasing fluctuation between countries and the ongoing emergence of intercultural intimate relationships, the purpose of our study was to investigate how cultural transition affects the ... [more ▼]

Due to the increasing fluctuation between countries and the ongoing emergence of intercultural intimate relationships, the purpose of our study was to investigate how cultural transition affects the identity of women, who migrated out of love to settle permanently with their culturally diverse partner in Germany. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. The sample consists of five women originally from Ireland, Peru, Poland and the United States, who all married a German and have lived in Germany between 8 and 50 years. The results show that cultural transition can affect identity in both positive and negative ways, which supports the perception of bicultural identity being at once both a blessing and a burden. [less ▲]

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See detailChild-rearing practices in intercultural marriages
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Natasha, Sousa Almeida

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2018)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of culture on child-rearing practices in intercultural marriage. Four participants, respectively two intercultural couples with at least one child ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of culture on child-rearing practices in intercultural marriage. Four participants, respectively two intercultural couples with at least one child in common participated in this study. One couple consisted of a Hungarian woman and Luxembourgish man. The other couple consisted of a Portuguese woman and her husband is Macedonian. Qualitative research methods were used for this study, more specifically semi-structured interviews. These were audio-taped and transcribed afterwards. Grounded theory was used for the analysis of this study. There were no significant results. Cultural influence in child-rearing practices in intercultural marriages could not be fully shown. There is a minimal positive influence but concerning languages In addition, it could not be fully confirmed that parents who come from countries who are considered to be more individualistic value autonomy in their children and parents who come from countries considered to be more collectivistic value more relatedness and conformity. More research is needed in order to obtain significant results. [less ▲]

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