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See detailTactilectures et re-marques (en collaboration Emmanuelle Pelard)
Roelens, Nathalie UL

Presentation (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (3 UL)
See detailDialog, Monolog, Hybrid - Mehrsprachige Theatertexte in Luxemburg
Bloch, Natalie UL

Presentation (2019, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
See detailRemixed und reloaded: Der Chor und das (neue) Volkstheater
Bloch, Natalie UL; Tropper, Elisabeth UL

Presentation (2019, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)
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See detailInclusion in Higher Education. Political declarations meet empirical data
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL

Presentation (2019, July 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL)
See detailLe millefeuille temporel des archives du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 11)

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit ... [more ▼]

À partir d’exemples choisis au sein des archives du Web et des réseaux socio-numériques, cette intervention se propose de montrer les différentes strates temporelles à l’œuvre au sein de ce patrimoine dit « nativement numérique », et ce de la sélection et collecte à l’analyse, en passant par l’accès via les interfaces et les médiations qu’elles introduisent, l’enrichissement via des métadonnées ou l’intégration d’outils de fouille. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 UL)
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See detailWhy we do not care for statelessness as we care for asylum?
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2019, July 07)

This presentation address the issue why statelessness is so marginalised in the migration discourse in the European Union even though is a growing phenomenon.

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
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See detailMaking Retail Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, July 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)
See detailMapping Digital Urban History - Use Case Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an ... [more ▼]

Since 2016, a research project of the University of Luxembourg (IHIST: Institute for History) in close collaboration with the city of Luxemburg is investigating research in the development of an interactive, dynamic web site, providing insights in the urban development since the beginning of the 19th century at single building level scale. The elaborated historic town Atlas represents a collection of maps and structures (e.g. building, fortress, streets) combined with explanatory texts, chronological tables and images, which all trace the history of the city and illustrate its stages of development. It represents a tool for additional new knowledge with which the historical process of change will be documented diachronically. The target groups are international urban history research and general public. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)
See detailInnovation et coopération dans les réseaux de données (années 1970-1990)
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, July 04)

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore ... [more ▼]

A travers un parcours historique au coeur de 20 ans d'innovation dans les réseaux de données, depuis le développement d'Arpanet jusqu'à l'échec de l'OSI, en passant par Internet, XNS, Transpac ou encore EIN, il s'agira d'interroger la place de la coopération technique mais aussi organisationnelle au sein des réseaux de données. Trop ou pas assez de coopération tue-t-il l'innovation? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 UL)
See detailLes fonctions des parlements en démocratie aujourd’hui : quid de la représentation des minorités ?
Poirier, Philippe UL

Presentation (2019, July 02)

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer ... [more ▼]

Les mécanismes des représentations parlementaires des minorités prévus dans les Etats membres de l’UE garantissent-ils les droits des citoyens qui les constituent et préservent-ils leurs chances d’exercer les fonctions politiques primordiales ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 UL)
See detailTalent mangement flexibility in a cyclical industry
Usanova, Ksenia; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; D'Armagnac, Sophie et al

Presentation (2019, July 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (0 UL)
See detailTranslanguaging as a pedagogy, a practice or a strategy? Examples from a preschool and a primary school class in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Degano, Sarah UL; Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, July 01)

The concept of translanguaging has been continuously redefined in education, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics, which has led to some loss of meaning. Regarding teacher translanguaging, studies show ... [more ▼]

The concept of translanguaging has been continuously redefined in education, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics, which has led to some loss of meaning. Regarding teacher translanguaging, studies show that it has been used as a strategy to further comprehension and learning, and as a pedagogy. The latter recognizes the existence of multiple languages in class and leverages the students’ semiotic system to make meaning and learn (García et al. 2017). Translanguaging has thereby been understood either as a resource-oriented pedagogy that challenges traditional conceptualizations of bilingualism and language learning, or as a pedagogy that fights social inequalities. Most research studies adopt the first view (Poza, 2017). The present paper combines two longitudinal doctoral studies and investigates the ways in which a preschool and a primary school teacher use translanguaging in their classes in Luxembourg. Drawing on interviews and observations, the findings show that the preschool teacher implemented a translanguaging pedagogy. She planned for the use of several languages, opened translanguaging spaces, and systematically translanguaged where she believed it would support learning (Kirsch et al. submitted). By contrast, the primary school teacher used translanguaging as a pedagogical strategy. She used the curricular languages and only translanguaged to support particular students. These differences are explained by the curriculum and the preschool teacher’s attendance of a professional development course. The findings contribute to our understanding of possible ways of implementing translanguaging as a pedagogy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 UL)
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See detailHigh Performance Parallel Coupling of OpenFOAM+XDEM
Besseron, Xavier UL; Pozzetti, Gabriele; Rousset, Alban UL et al

Presentation (2019, June 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
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See detailShort Introduction to the Roofline Model
Besseron, Xavier UL

Presentation (2019, June 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 UL)
See detailAnalysing and reconstructing the Internet and Web of the 1990s. A round table
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, June 19)

This round table is dedicated to the topic “The 1990s as a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web”. Participants : Niels Brügger, Geert Lovink, Ian Milligan, Patrick Pétin, Valérie Schafer, Michael ... [more ▼]

This round table is dedicated to the topic “The 1990s as a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web”. Participants : Niels Brügger, Geert Lovink, Ian Milligan, Patrick Pétin, Valérie Schafer, Michael Stevenson, Felix Tréguer. The round table is organised with the authors of a special issue of Internet Histories, which I coedited with Benjamin Thierry and which incorporates several themes identified in the call for papers: Web and Internet histories, archives and access, digital activism and Web history, historicising the Web and digital culture, and social imaginaries of the early Web. Several of the authors of this issue dedicated to the 90s have agreed to exchange and compare their views, methods, problems and expertise, not by presenting the papers they wrote for the issue but rather by engaging in a dialogue based on four central questions that will shed light on the history of the “digital turn”: - How and why were the 1990s a pivotal decade for the Internet and the Web? - Why do we link/intertwine the Internet and the Web: is this relevant? What are the limits and advantages of this approach in analytical terms? - What methods, sources, issues and limits come into play when we attempt to reconstruct the history of the 1990s? - What type of approach is the most relevant and effective: a bottom-up or top-down approach? A study that explores the fringes or one that remains rooted in the mainstream? A US-centric or a more global, or local, or decentralized approach? A discipline-based approach or an interdisciplinary one? Themes explored by the contributors include in particular Perl and the technology and culture of the early Web, the development of the digital rights movement in France, the emergence of a cyberculture in Amsterdam in the 1990s, integration of myths into the Internet and Web’s popular histories, development of an analytical infrastructure to rebuild the history of the 90s. This round table will provide a rich seam of historiographical and methodological perspectives, through the interaction of authors with highly diverse approaches, whether in terms of sources (grey literature, technical guides and handbooks for the general public, legal or state reports, press and audio-visual archives, oral histories, web archives), methods (examining the portrayal of the Web and the Internet in speeches or contemporary representations, analysing controversial issues of the time, incorporating STS notions, etc.) or perspectives (European or North American approaches, the study of software, infrastructures, online content, etc.). This in turn will foster a dialogue with the audience on the writing and shaping of histories of the Internet, the Web and also digital cultures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 UL)
See detailMaking Deposit-Funded Credit Institutions Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, June 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
See detailExploring the French Web of the 90s
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, June 06)

Panel: National webs Niels Brügger, School of Communication and Culture – Media Studies, Aarhus University Ditte Laursen, Royal Danish Library Friedel Geeraert, State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium ... [more ▼]

Panel: National webs Niels Brügger, School of Communication and Culture – Media Studies, Aarhus University Ditte Laursen, Royal Danish Library Friedel Geeraert, State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium Kees Teszelszky, KB – National Library of the Netherlands Valérie Schafer, University of Luxembourg Daniel Gomes, Arquivo.pt – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia Opportunities and challenges in collecting and studying national webs A key issue for web archivists (particularly in national libraries) and for scholars alike is the meaning of the national web. Archivists working with legal deposit must work with a definition of their national web, which may be based on the ccTLD, but also on domain registration, the location of servers and/or other criteria. Scholars must then interpret those archives in the light of those definitions. Others studying nations without such legal frameworks face different challenges in working with archives compiled on a selective basis, or with materials held in multiple archives. This panel brings together several of the contributors to ‘The Historical Web and Digital Humanities: The Case of National Webs’, (Routledge, 2019, edited by Niels Brügger and Ditte Laursen). After briefly summarising their own contribution, they will discuss together the particular challenges of defining and then collecting the national web, and on studying the national web with the resulting archives. The panel will be introduced, moderated and concluded by Ditte Laursen & Valérie Schafer. Ditte Laursen (Royal Library, Denmark) investigates how a corpus to support historical study of a national web can be established within national web archives, which usually hold several versions of the same web entity. Examining different datasets from the Danish national web archive 2005–2015, and the different ways these are handled, she demonstrates significant differences between results, with possible implications for research. The Belgian web is currently not systematically archived. Friedel Geeraert (State Archives and Royal Library of Belgium) presents PROMISE, a research project into the feasibility of a sustainable web archiving service for Belgium. She traces the history of the Belgian web from the establishment of the .be domain in 1988 to the present, situating it in its historical, political, and legal context. Kees Teszelszky (KB – National Library of the Netherlands) explores the research opportunities of the Dutch national web for future historians by describing the development and unique characteristics of the Dutch national web. Using traditional historical methods and web archaeology, much historic data can be reconstructed, even though the KB web archive started only in 2007. Valérie Schafer (University of Luxembourg) draws on the experience of the French Web90 project to show the approaches, tools and methodologies used to sketch a broad historical picture of the French web during the 1990s, and the challenges the project faced. No organisation has formal, ongoing responsibility of whole-domain archiving for .eu, one of the largest and most popular European top-level domains, Daniel Gomes (Arquivo.pt) presents an overview of archiving activities related to .eu, including the only known effort to date to archive the entire domain. He also proposes a number of options for sustainable, long-term archiving for .eu. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (2 UL)
See detailBrain health and dementia risk reduction
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 UL)
See detailEpidemiology of and inequalities in ageing
Leist, Anja UL

Presentation (2019, June 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)
See detailInteractional Competence enacted in Multilingual Turn-Taking
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL

Presentation (2019, May 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 UL)
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See detailThe retail challenge to bail-in
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, May 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)
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See detailWhite-Box and Asymmetrically Hard Crypto Design
Biryukov, Alex UL

Presentation (2019, May 18)

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and ... [more ▼]

In this talk we surveyed some our recent works related to the area of white-box cryptogaphy. Specifically the resource hardness framework from Asiacrypt'2017 and its relation to the incompressibility and weak-WBC. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (4 UL)
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See detailSingle-peakedness in aggregation function theory
Devillet, Jimmy UL; Couceiro, Miguel; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

Presentation (2019, May 14)

Due to their great importance in data fusion, aggregation functions have been extensively investigated for a few decades. Among these functions, fuzzy connectives (such as uninorms) play an important role ... [more ▼]

Due to their great importance in data fusion, aggregation functions have been extensively investigated for a few decades. Among these functions, fuzzy connectives (such as uninorms) play an important role in fuzzy logic. We establish a remarkable connection between a family of associative aggregation functions, which includes the class of idempotent uninorms, and the concepts of single-peakedness and single-plateaudness, introduced in social choice theory by D. Black. Finally, we enumerate those orders when the underlying set is finite. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (8 UL)
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See detailUn nouveau narratif de l’integration européenne au défi des sources orales (Documentaire biographique et Podcast)
Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL

Presentation (2019, May 11)

À l’ère numérique et face à un besoin croissant de connaissance, l’histoire fait appel à de nouvelles sources. Depuis le milieu des années 1970, l’histoire orale enrichit progressivement les sources et la ... [more ▼]

À l’ère numérique et face à un besoin croissant de connaissance, l’histoire fait appel à de nouvelles sources. Depuis le milieu des années 1970, l’histoire orale enrichit progressivement les sources et la méthodologie de la recherche sur l’intégration européenne, aux côtés des sources traditionnelles (archives, sources éditées, publications officielles, etc) ou nouvelles (web-archives, bases de données en ligne). Cette «continuité épistémologique entre l’écrit et l’oral» (Bloch, 1921) implique que les sources et ressources orales contribuent à la construction et à la transmission du savoir historique, tout en lui apportant une dimension à la fois mémorielle et patrimoniale (Ritchie, 2003). Même si l’histoire orale se dessine comme une « histoire négociée » (Janesick, 2010) ou une « histoire intermédiée, sous influence » (Descamps, 2006) – à savoir réélaborée par l’historien de concert avec le témoin – elle est reconnue comme une discipline des sciences humaines dont l’analyse critique demeure essentielle. Sur la base de ce volet original, de documents audiovisuels issus des archives Werner et d’autres sources inédites, nous avons réalisé le documentaire biographique (audiovisuel) « Pierre Werner, une vocation européenne », qui retrace le parcours personnel de cet homme d’État et se focalise sur le rapport Werner (1970) qui a jeté les bases de l’UEM et de l’euro. Dans une démarche différente, nous avons aussi réalisé la série de podcasts « Un homme dans son siècle » (7 épisodes de 10 minutes) qui à retrace, à travers des étapes-clés de la vie de Werner, un siècle d’histoire luxembourgeoise et européenne. On tente de montrer, dans le contexte de l’époque, comment son action a influé sur l’évolution et le rayonnement du Luxembourg après la Seconde Guerre Mondiale: les réformes de société, la stratégie de diversification économique, l’essor de la place financière internationale et l’émergence du projet de satellites de télécommunications (SES). A travers cette communication, nous poursuivons un double objectif. - concernant le documentaire biographique audiovisuel, nous souhaitons décrire cette expérience originale et, plus particulièrement, revenir sur les écueils dans la réalisation d’un récit biographique qui dégage, en même temps, un nouveau narrative de l’UEM. La mémoire individuelle de nombreux témoins qui croisent leurs souvenirs et nous livrent leurs perceptions spécifiques sur divers événements de la construction européenne et le rôle de Werner trouvent ainsi écho dans la mémoire collective. - concernant les podcasts radio (réalisées dans une approche différente) nous souhaitons exposer l’émergence de la démarche méthodologique, ainsi que la construction effective de la série. On montre la manière de sélectionner et combiner témoignages oraux, archives audiovisuelles, interventions d’experts pour créer un récit original destiné au public le plus large, tout en conservant une approche historique rigoureuse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 UL)
See detailMaking Deposit-Funded Credit Institutions Banks Resolvable
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

Presentation (2019, May 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (0 UL)
See detailZur Situation des Französischunterrichts in Luxemburg
Morys, Nancy UL

Presentation (2019, May 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 UL)
See detailBrauchen wir noch Kontinuitätenbiografien? Der Fall Franz Thedieck (1900-1995)
Brüll, Christoph UL

Presentation (2019, April 29)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 UL)
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See detailÜber Bildungskategorien in der „Community Music“. Überlegungen zur Ausbildung in der Blasmusik
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, April 28)

Während das Konzept des formalen, nicht-formalen und informellen Lernens in seinen allgemeinen Orientierungen als bekannt vorausgesetzt werden kann, gilt dies weniger für die Musikpädagogik. Die ... [more ▼]

Während das Konzept des formalen, nicht-formalen und informellen Lernens in seinen allgemeinen Orientierungen als bekannt vorausgesetzt werden kann, gilt dies weniger für die Musikpädagogik. Die Sichtweise auf die Kategorien des Lernens im Allgemeinen, auf die Musikpädagogik und auf die Musikausübung von Amateuren im Besonderen wird Gegenstand der folgenden Zeilen sein. Darüber hinaus wird das Konzept der „community music“ (CM), für das sich in der deutschen Sprache keine geeignete Übersetzung findet, vorgestellt werden. Der Begriff „community music“ ist nicht an einer einzigen Definition festzumachen. Zunächst scheint es, als wäre er komplett losgelöst von traditionellen Methoden des Lernens formaler und nicht-formaler Art aufzufassen und eher der Kategorie informellen Lernens zuzuordnen. In neueren Ansätzen wird CM als Teil der Inklusion und Partizipation in einem assoziativen Umfeld gesehen und als Mittel, die Barriere zwischen traditioneller Musikpädagogik und den Anforderungen der musizierenden Menschen zu überwinden. Auf der anderen Seite versteht sich CM als Gegenentwurf zur musikalischen Hochkultur Das Konzept von CM eignet sich in besonderem Maße, um den Prozess der musikalischen Ausbildung junger Menschen darzustellen. Einerseits beginnt dieser oft mit einer Amateurphase, um später, für die talentiertesten, zum Berufsleben zu führen. Andererseits beschreibt CM die Ausbildung und den Weg junger Musiker hin zu Laienmusikorganisationen. Schließlich zeichnet CM das lebenslange Wirken von Amateurmusikern nach. In meinem Beitrag werde ich Definitionen für die drei Kategorien von Bildung in Bezug auf die Musikpädagogik anbieten. (Dabei kann nicht ignoriert werden, dass es im wissenschaftlichen Diskurs für den Aspekt der non-formalen Bildung im Zusammenhang mit Musik keinen Konsens gibt.) Schließlich wird, mithilfe der in Europa gängigen künstlerischen Praxis des Blasmusikwesens, die Verbindung der beiden Konzepte – Bildungskategorien und CM – exemplifiziert. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (3 UL)
See detailTeaching and learning in an internationalized context: challenges and strategies
Deroey, Katrien UL

Presentation (2019, April 26)

The internationalization of higher education has led to a variety of contexts in which native and non-native speakers of English teach students with different cultural, educational and linguistic ... [more ▼]

The internationalization of higher education has led to a variety of contexts in which native and non-native speakers of English teach students with different cultural, educational and linguistic backgrounds through the medium of English. In this talk, I will survey the key issues associated with ‘English Medium Instruction’ for lecturers and students. In addition, we will look at linguistic and pedagogical strategies that can facilitate teaching and learning in these contexts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (1 UL)
See detailHistoire des réseaux: enjeux, évolutions et perspectives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 23)

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention reviendra sur les évolutions historiographiques récentes dans le champ de l'étude des réseaux et cultures numériques, qu'elles concernent les sources, les acteurs étudiés ou encore les espaces concernés par ces recherches. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (2 UL)
See detailLe Web des années 1990: entre données et reconstructions
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 14)

Cette présentation revient sur les travaux menées autour de l'histoire du Web des années 1990 et présente les enjeux de lecture proche et distante des archives du Web au sein de cette recherche.

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (2 UL)
See detailTranslanguaging in a Multilingual Classroom in Luxembourg
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, April 12)

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non ... [more ▼]

Research in bilingual and trilingual schools shows that knowledge and understanding can be increased by translanguaging (Baker & Wright 2017, Kirsch 2017), the enactment of a student’s linguistic and non-linguistic resources. Yet, research on translanguaging including migrant languages in multilingual schools remains scarce (Duarte 2018). In multilingual Luxembourg, over 60% of the students indicate to have a dominant home language other than Luxembourgish, with Portuguese being the most used language (MENJE 2018). Considering that theteaching of Luxembourgish, French and German accounts for 40.5% of the instruction time, little room is left for the students’ home languages and the school system is particularly challenging for the students whose language repertoires deviate from the official curriculum. The present doctoral project investigates how primary school students with a migration background deploy their language repertoires to learn. In this paper, I examine the extent to which two fourth-graders with a Portuguese background and a different migration experience mobilize their languages while interacting with the teacher and peers. Data stem from eighteen days of observation and video-recordings. The thematic analysis focuses on the students’ participation and their language use in different school subjects. Preliminary findings show that the students participate unequally and use their languages differently in terms of purpose and frequency and depending on their migration experience. The findings are tentative because data collection is on-going. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (5 UL)
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See detailMusic education in general schools. Teachers and their Anxiety Facing the Task
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, April 10)

The beneficial effect of music and music education on general education, but also on the individual, has been the subject of a number of (controversial) studies, such as long-term observation in basic ... [more ▼]

The beneficial effect of music and music education on general education, but also on the individual, has been the subject of a number of (controversial) studies, such as long-term observation in basic schools in Berlin. H.G. Bastian and his team (2002) have demonstrated the beneficial social effect of in-depth musical education. Other research has revealed a persistent lack of confidence in music education for students and teachers (Holden / Button 2006) . Still others have analysed the potential of extracurricular music education (Kivi 2018) . The anguish of non-specialized trainers in music education is often reflected in clichéd arguments such as: "I haven't done solfege; I'm not musical; I can't sing" So the lack of declarative knowledge prevents skills. The aim is to highlight concepts developed with the focus on two musical traditions (German and French), e.g. the G.D. of Luxembourg, with the aim to provide future teachers with didactic skills. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 UL)
See detailGrapheme spelling in different linguistic contexts
Ugen, Sonja UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 UL)
See detailGoogle My Maps: Ein Tool für die Erstellung einfacher historischer Karten
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (7 UL)
See detailHistorische Karten aus der Maas-Mosel-Region - Analysemethoden zur Komplexität historischer Grenzen in der Praxis
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen ... [more ▼]

Grenzen auf historischen Karten sind stets Ausdruck eines Machtanspruchs, den sie räumlich darstellen. Sie bringen den Zusammenhang zwischen Kartographischer und realer Macht in Form von Punkten, Strichen oder Linien gewissermaßen auf das Blatt. Kartographie und Grenzen gehören deshalb im Kontext der Territorialpolitik auch untrennbar zusammen. Karten dienen einerseits nach innen einer möglichst präzisen Raumerfassung und somit als wichtige Informationsquelle und Orientierungshilfe für den Landesherrn. Gleichzeitig werden sie aber auch nach außen als Mittel politischer Propaganda und zur Durchsetzung von territorialen Ansprüchen gebraucht. Durch die Analyse kartographischer Quellen wird eine tiefergehende Annäherung an die Charakteristik und Ausprägung von Grenzräumen versucht. Dazu werden exemplarisch zwei Grenzregionen in den Blick genommen: Zum einen die luxemburgisch-französische Grenze des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts sowie die kurtrierisch-luxemburgische Grenze im späten 18. Jahrhundert. Wie lassen sich Grenzen in dieser Zeit definieren und welche Funktion spielten Karten bei ihrer Festlegung, Ausprägung und Durchsetzung? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 UL)
See detailKartographische Ressourcen im Internet, ein Überblick
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, April 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (1 UL)
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See detailLiving within a multicultural society: Implications for en – and acculturation processes
Murdock, Elke UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

In Luxembourg, nearly half of the population is foreign – the foreign population percentage currently stands at 48%. Within this context majority and minority become fluid with the migration process ... [more ▼]

In Luxembourg, nearly half of the population is foreign – the foreign population percentage currently stands at 48%. Within this context majority and minority become fluid with the migration process itself being fluid, ranging from daily migration (transnational commuters), to medium-term stays, return visits and permanent immigration including uptake of citizenship. Second generation immigrants live alongside new arrivals. This heterogeneity has been described as super-diverse by Vertovec (2007). Diversity also goes beyond the level of country of origin as many individuals have very complex biographies. Culture contact is a permanent feature in daily life. Such a plurally composed society presents a challenge also for value transmission processes. The boundaries between enculturation and acculturation become blurred and norms, values, symbols and language may be negotiated dependent on context. The multicultural society of Luxembourg has provided different experiential contexts for different generations. Whereas the older generation grew up in a more homogeneous context, for the current cohort growing up with people of different cultural backgrounds and language skills is the norm. Reinders (2006) has introduced the term co-culturation, as distinct from enculturation and acculturation, to describe the process of engagement with cultural diversity by both, natives and those with migration background. This concept of co-culturation encapsulates the skill of negotiating different cultural contexts and cultural frame-switching – key skills in modern societies characterized by high mobility and migration. There is some evidence that nationality becomes more salient in multicultural contexts, but at the same time the importance of cultural origins may be weakened. As results from a pilot study among secondary school children (N = 85) suggests, friendship patterns are formed on the basis of characteristics of the individual rather than origin. In the sense of the individualist marginal as described by Bourhis et al. (1997), the findings suggest that young people want to be recognized by who they are rather than what they represent. Implications for cultural value transmission will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailProjet LCGR – Language Centres Greater Region
Lejot, Eve UL; Molostoff, Leslie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de ... [more ▼]

Les six Centres de Langues (Luxembourg, Kaiserslautern, Liège, Lorraine, Sarre et Trèves) de la Grande Région travaillent ensemble à la création d’un parcours pédagogique en ligne d’apprentissage de langues dans le cadre du projet Erasmus+ LCGR (Language Center Greater Region) dans la période d’octobre 2017 à octobre 2019. Des activités à réaliser en collaboration sont scénarisées pédagogiquement pour impliquer et accompagner les étudiants, candidats à une mobilité internationale, dans la collecte d’informations sur leur futur échange. L’objectif du projet est de guider les étudiants, de les motiver à profiter de la chance d’avoir quatre pays dans un rayon de 200 km² et ainsi d’approfondir leurs compétences linguistiques et interculturelles. Suite à la phase pilote du projet, en plus des questionnaires des étudiants, nous analyserons les questionnaires remplis par les enseignants afin d’expliquer les choix de modifications apportées à la plateforme avant son ouverture officielle. [less ▲]

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See detailSearching bodies through born-digital heritage: issues and challenges
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, April 03)

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically ... [more ▼]

This presentation, followed by a hands-on session, will present several methods, issues and challenges that researchers may face when they analyse web archives and give a few examples more specifically dedicated to the histories of healthy bodies. [less ▲]

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See detailOn quasitrivial semigroups
Devillet, Jimmy UL

Presentation (2019, March 27)

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See detailYoung children's developing multilingual repertoires and languaging in a preschool in Luxembourg
Mortini, Simone UL

Presentation (2019, March 25)

In trilingual Luxembourg, 63.5% of the children entering formal schooling have a home language other than Luxembourgish. National studies have shown that these children score below average in primary ... [more ▼]

In trilingual Luxembourg, 63.5% of the children entering formal schooling have a home language other than Luxembourgish. National studies have shown that these children score below average in primary school (MENJE, 2017). To raise the children's opportunities, a new law on multilingual education in the early years was voted in 2017. In addition to learning Luxembourgish, young children are now familiarised with French and their home languages are valued. Researchers have called for such inclusive multilingual pedagogies that build on dynamic language arrangements (Garcia & Seltzer, 2016). However, studies have seldom focused on the impact of these innovative pedagogies on young children's developing multilingual repertoires, their interactions with adults and peers, and the children's active role in this process (Schwartz & Gorbatt, 2018). Drawing on a sociocultural perspective, the present paper investigates the languaging and development of the language repertoires of two four-year-old Spanish-speaking children during one year in preschool. Their teacher participated in a professional development programme coordinated by a research project on developing multilingual pedagogies in early childhood (MuLiPEC, 2016-2019). The data stem from 17 days of videography and participant observation of the children's interactions with peers and the teacher during daily routines and from four interviews with the teacher. Data analysis was based on thematic and conversation analysis. The preliminary findings indicate, firstly, that within the teacher's flexible language arrangements, the children frequently translanguaged, drawing on features of five languages and non-verbal communication (e.g. gestures, showing). At the same time, they developed vocabulary, complex sentences and narrative skills in Luxembourgish. Secondly, they showed a metalinguistic awareness and adapted their languaging to their interlocutors. The findings should contribute to the research on languaging and multilingual development in early childhood. Garcia, O., & Seltzer, K. (2016). The Translanguaging current in language education. In B. Kindenberg (ed.) Flersprakighet som resurs (pp. 19-30). Liber. MENJE (2017). Enseignement fondamental - Education differenciee. Statistiques globales et analyse des resultats scolaries - Annee scolaire 2015/2016. MENJE: Luxembourg. Schwartz, M., & Gorbatt, N. (2018). The Role of Language Experts in Novices’ Language Acquisition and Socialization. In M. Schwartz (ed.) Preschool Bilingual Education. Agency Between Children, Teachers, and Parents (pp. 343 - 356). Springer. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk Preferences and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Presentation (2019, March 22)

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See detailIdentification patterns and well-being in a plurally composed society: Growing up with multiple cultural influences
Stogianni, Maria UL

Presentation (2019, March 21)

Luxembourg is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe with a foreign population percentage of nearly 48%. Children are being raised in mixed-national households, attend multilingual ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe with a foreign population percentage of nearly 48%. Children are being raised in mixed-national households, attend multilingual educational programs, and interact with people from various ethnic groups on a daily basis. These culture contact situations are particularly challenging for immigrant youth who are being socialized in two or more different cultures as well as for the native Luxembourgers who can find themselves in the minority in certain contexts. The primary aim of this PhD project is to investigate identity construal processes in adolescence and emerging adulthood within this multicultural context. We are particularly interested in the dispositional and contextual factors that affect cultural identification, behavior-related outcomes, academic performance, and psychological well-being. Another line of research will focus on implicit vs. explicit attitudes towards diversity and migration. These are some of the research questions we will try to answer using self-report questionnaires, experience sampling methodology, lab experiments, and semi-structured interviews. So far, a systematic literature review was conducted with the aim to identify the most frequently used instruments in the assessment of cultural identity and multiculturalism. Based on our findings, we conducted pilot studies to examine the cultural equivalence of these measures in diverse samples. [less ▲]

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See detailAnyway, the point is’: a corpus study of lexicogrammatical importance markers in lectures
Deroey, Katrien UL

Presentation (2019, March 18)

In this talk, I show how lecturers verbally mark comparatively (un)important points in a large corpus of lectures (British Academic Spoken English corpus). This kind of discourse organization is thought ... [more ▼]

In this talk, I show how lecturers verbally mark comparatively (un)important points in a large corpus of lectures (British Academic Spoken English corpus). This kind of discourse organization is thought to be beneficial to students’ note-taking, comprehension and recall. We’ll see that lecturers use a wide variety of lexicogrammatical importance markers. Examples include ‘the point is’, ‘remember’, ‘I want to stress’, ‘anyway’, ‘I don’t know’ and ‘etcetera’. Some of the key findings I’ll be highlighting are that (1) students often need an understanding of the lecture genre and the cotext of the markers to be able to identify these discourse markers; that (2) studying only transcripts of spoken discourse without considering prosodic and multimodal features affects the validity of results; and that (3) to create English for Academic Purposes teaching materials we need to examine authentic lecture texts rather than rely on our intuitions. [less ▲]

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See detailVom Ende des mittelalterlichen Herzogtums bis zur Neugründung als Großherzogtum: Luxemburg zwischen den Grenzbereinigungen des Ancien Régime und der Neuordnung durch den Wiener Kongress (1779 – 1816)
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, March 13)

Nach jahrhundertelangen Konflikten zwischen den Königreichen Frankreich und Österreich um das Herzogtum Luxemburg war es 1779 zu einem Ausgleich gekommen, der erstmals neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt ... [more ▼]

Nach jahrhundertelangen Konflikten zwischen den Königreichen Frankreich und Österreich um das Herzogtum Luxemburg war es 1779 zu einem Ausgleich gekommen, der erstmals neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt festlegte. Doch bereits wenige Jahre später annektierte die französische Republik nach der Revolution alle linksrheinischen Territorien und gliederte sie als Départements in das französischen Staatsgebiet ein. Nach der Absetzung Napoleons beschloss der Wiener Kongress 1815 eine Neuordnung Europas. In Folge dessen kam es im linksrheinischen Raum zur Neugründung des Großherzogtums Luxemburg als Teil des ebenfalls neu gegründeten Königreichs der Vereinigten Niederlande. Bei der territorialen Neugliederung griff man aber nur an wenigen Stellen auf die Grenzen des alten Herzogtums von 1795 zurück. Statt dessen einigte man sich darauf, dass im Osten die Flussläufe von Mosel, Sauer und Our zukünftig die Grenze bildeten. Diese besteht bis heute fort. [less ▲]

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See detailSequence Organisation: What is the interactional work done? Insights from Conversation Analysis!
Arend, Béatrice UL; Sunnen, Patrick UL

Presentation (2019, March 07)

Conversation Analysis is concerned with how people achieve current actions mainly through talk. CA investigates how and why we understand (or misunderstand) each other. Talk-in-interaction is sequentially ... [more ▼]

Conversation Analysis is concerned with how people achieve current actions mainly through talk. CA investigates how and why we understand (or misunderstand) each other. Talk-in-interaction is sequentially organised action! “There is order at all points” (Harvey Sacks). Thus, one primary issue of applied conversation analysis is to visualise this order as well as the ‘work done’ by the interlocutors during conversation. Turn-construction, pauses, overlaps are not anodyne but relevant accounts of meaning making and understanding. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation in Digital Financial Services (DFS)
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2019, March 07)

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See detailCorporate Governance of Financial Institutions
Dewi, Tsany Ratna UL

Presentation (2019, March 06)

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See detailLänderbericht Luxemburg: Koordination und Transfer nationaler Bildungsforschung
Lamy, Christian; Fischbach, Antoine UL

Presentation (2019, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (7 UL)
See detailVillux 10 - The first digital historical atlas of the city of Luxembourg
Kass, Steve UL; Pauli, Sebastian; Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Presentation (2019, February 26)

The aim of the Villux- project is to analyse the urban development of Luxembourg-City. The appropriate tool to deal with these space-related issues is with the help of a historical atlas. Such a historic ... [more ▼]

The aim of the Villux- project is to analyse the urban development of Luxembourg-City. The appropriate tool to deal with these space-related issues is with the help of a historical atlas. Such a historic town atlas can be defined as a collection of explanatory texts, chronological tables, maps and images, which all trace the history of a city and illustrate its stages of development. The presentation will provide insights into the concept of the project and also present first results. [less ▲]

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See detailHochbegabung – was nun?
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Presentation (2019, February 18)

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See detailLuxembourg in WWII or Why is the former Wehrmacht soldier considered to be a nazi-victim
Ganschow, Inna UL

Presentation (2019, February 13)

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See detailProbabilistic modeling natural way to treat data
Rappel, Hussein UL

Presentation (2019, February 12)

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See detailGeistliche Macht der Musik oder weltliche Macht der geistlichen Musiker Cäcilianismus in Luxemburg
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Presentation (2019, February 08)

The spiritual power of music or secular power of spiritual musicians. Ceacilianism and Papism in Luxembourg In my contribution, I will describe the ceacilianism in Luxembourg as a movement which, for the ... [more ▼]

The spiritual power of music or secular power of spiritual musicians. Ceacilianism and Papism in Luxembourg In my contribution, I will describe the ceacilianism in Luxembourg as a movement which, for the liturgy, not only wanted to restore what already had been considered survived for centuries in the history of music, but which was undoubtedly able to exercise power not only on composers of liturgical music, but also on spiritual dignitaries. My paper is based on my recent publication in two volumes on the correspondence of Luxembourg religious dignitaries and musicians with Franz Xaver Witt, one of the main protagonists of the movement. [less ▲]

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See detailProject Advanced Discretisaztion Methods
Farina, Sofia UL

Presentation (2019, February 01)

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See detailArchives du Web : entre capture et insaisissable
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, January 25)

Cette intervention se propose d’observer - de la collecte à l’exploitation par les chercheur.e.s, différents aspects, paradoxes, défis et enjeux de l’archivage du Web et de ses archives. Deux grands axes ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention se propose d’observer - de la collecte à l’exploitation par les chercheur.e.s, différents aspects, paradoxes, défis et enjeux de l’archivage du Web et de ses archives. Deux grands axes seront explorés : le premier s’intéressera à ce que capture l’archivage du Web, mais aussi au non archivé, en termes de contenus, de contexte, de participation, de matérialités, etc. ; le second, entre fonds parfois captifs et affranchissement méthodologique, sera davantage tourné vers l’exploitation des corpus et interrogera autant les enjeux de partage, d’interopérabilité, de choix des données comme des outils, que la manière dont le chercheur peut explorer de nouvelles voies d’analyse. [less ▲]

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See detailA Colônia Luxemburguesa
Santana, Dominique UL

Presentation (2019, January 24)

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See detailUnemployment Scarring and Gendered Occupations: Evidence from a Cross-Country Factorial Survey
Gutfleisch, Tamara Rebecca UL; Samuel, Robin UL

Presentation (2019, January 18)

The experience of early unemployment has been linked to a wide range of subsequent outcomes such as lower levels of well-being, lower wages and a host of other disadvantages in the labor market ... [more ▼]

The experience of early unemployment has been linked to a wide range of subsequent outcomes such as lower levels of well-being, lower wages and a host of other disadvantages in the labor market ("unemployment scarring"). As youth unemployment continues to be one of the main challenges of our time, it is important to anlayse the determinants affecting transitions to employment for young individuals. Empirical evidence from recent experimental studies emphasizes the long-neglected role of recruiters in the reintegration of individuals into the labor market. However, these studies rarely address potential gender differences in unemployment scarring by employing experimental designs that do not allow for extensive gender comparisons - potentially leaving important mechanisms behind recruiters' role in the reproduction of gender inequalities widely unexplored. Moreover, these studies differ in the context in which they were conducted making it difficult to draw conclusions regarding the extent to which unemployment might have different consequences for men and women. We extend the previous literature by examining how unemployment and gender interactively shape recruiters' evaluation of young applicants' hiring chances. Speci fically, we aim at addressing the shortcomings of previous research by comparing the hiring chances for young male and female jobseekers between different occupations and national contexts. Drawing on established labor market theories and social psychological theories about gendered role expectations and their impact on the evaluation of behavior ("role congruity theory"), we expect to find differences in unemployment scarring across gender. In particular, we expect that the gendered stereotypes associated with certain occupations affect recruiters' evaluation of unemployment for men and women. Recruiters might use unemployment as justifi cation to discriminate against workers when applying for gender-atypical jobs (e.g. women applying for traditionally and culturally male-typed jobs). On the other hand, recruiters might apply a more lenient standard towards the opposite-sex unemployed worker in order to overcompensate for the low share of e.g. women in male-typed jobs. To test our hypotheses, we use data from a large-scale factorial survey experiment among recruiters in four European countries and different occupational sectors. We focus on a male-typed and a female-typed occupational sector (mechanics and nursing, respectively) to explore the workings of gendered stereotypes. The multifactorial experimental design of the factorial survey allows us to compare different types of unemployment (timing and duration) and to hold unemployment orthogonal to other factors (e.g. education). Employing linear multilevel regression models, we fi nd, overall, heterogeneous scarring effects of unemployment across gender. Especially current unemployment spells seem to negatively affect the hiring chances for men applying for nursing jobs. Our preliminary findings constitute new evidence on gender differences in scarring due to unemployment. Moreover, they demonstrate that ignoring contextual factors in studying heterogeneous scarring effects across gender potentially leaves important mechanisms in recruiters' hiring decisions undetected. This study further contributes to the literature on transitions to employment as well as on gender inequalities in the labor market more generally by studying the demand-side mechanisms leading recruiters to discriminate against men and women in gendered-occupations. [less ▲]

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See detailBeyond the bordering perspective: Rezente Entwicklungen in den Border Studies
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2019, January)

Die Border Studies sind ein aufstrebendes Arbeitsfeld und erfassen zunehmend mehr Disziplinen. Dabei hat sich eine Untersuchungsperspektive durchgesetzt, die sich an den Akten der Hervorbringung von ... [more ▼]

Die Border Studies sind ein aufstrebendes Arbeitsfeld und erfassen zunehmend mehr Disziplinen. Dabei hat sich eine Untersuchungsperspektive durchgesetzt, die sich an den Akten der Hervorbringung von Grenzen und Grenzräumen orientiert und als practice shift bezeichnet werden kann. Sie ist allerdings in die Kritik geraten und erfährt in jüngster Zeit eine dynamische Weiterentwicklung. Sie gründet auf dem Anliegen border(ing) practices weitgreifender zu erfassen und ihrer Vielschichtigkeit gerecht zu werden. Der Vortrag greift diese Entwicklung auf, beleuchtet zentrale Prämissen und Ansätze und skizziert die Umrisse eines sich vollziehenden complexity shift in den Border Studies. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird abschließend die Rolle der disziplinenübergreifenden Zusammenarbeit in der zukünftigen Grenz(raum)forschung thematisiert. [less ▲]

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See detailChildcare, Quality and Location: A Hedonic Approach.
Dupuy, Arnaud UL

Presentation (2019)

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See detailHistoire de la gouvernance d'Internet
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 20)

initialement laboratoire d’une démocratie technique inachevée, la gouvernance de l’Internet pose rapidement la question de l’articulation du rôle des États, des experts techniques, des acteurs économiques ... [more ▼]

initialement laboratoire d’une démocratie technique inachevée, la gouvernance de l’Internet pose rapidement la question de l’articulation du rôle des États, des experts techniques, des acteurs économiques, des groupes impliqués et des usagers en général. Elle implique de penser les continuités et ruptures dans le temps court de l’histoire d’Internet, mais aussi dans la poursuite de luttes plus anciennes pour la maîtrise de l’information et des communications, où les rapports de pouvoir n’ont jamais été absents. [less ▲]

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See detail‘Curriculizing’ Multilingualism? Language Curricula and the Construction of Identity in Multilingual Societies: the example of Luxembourg
Sattler, Sabrina UL

Presentation (2018, December 10)

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners ... [more ▼]

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners (STATEC, 2018). Beside the three official languages, French, German and Luxembourgish, other languages are used in everyday contexts. Educational policy thus has to integrate pupils of non-Luxembourg origin into the inherently trilingual school system. The 2009 reform of primary education is accordingly to be understood, among other things, as an educational policy response to the linguistic diversification of society. One of its goals was to respond more forcefully to the didactic and pedagogic challenges of this extremely heterogeneous and multilingual social composition. The existing 1912 law governing primary education was replaced, and the organisation of teaching and the curriculum were adapted. In terms of cultural history, this goes hand in hand with an educationalization of social problems (Smeyers & Depaepe, 2008), that is to say, the idea, paradigmatic for the modern age, that concrete social challenges are delegated so that they fall within the remit of education (see ibid., 2). In this process it is the curriculum that serves as the core of ideas of intervention. The curriculum, as a road map for a strategy of national and supranational education policy and as a pedagogic reaction to, or intervention in, social and historical change, is thus ascribed a role in constructing identity. In this connection the curriculum, as an instrument of socialisation, cannot be limited merely to directives for teaching. By definition, the curriculum has a hidden agenda, since it meshes with specific, usually also provisional, conceptions of a society. Taking this definition as its starting-point, the paper works with a broad concept of curriculum, on the basis of which school programmes represent the universal attempt at social engineering. Following from this idea, the curriculum becomes a ‘cultural construction of the child and the future citizen’ (Tröhler, 2014, p. 60). This cultural construction becomes evident when one realizes that meaning is produced through historical processes that create common sense and which are stabilized through certain social or cultural practices (see Popkewitz, 2011, p. 164; see also Popkewitz, 2008). Such distinct practices and cultural connotations are in Luxembourg specifically linked to the use of language. In the light of these reflections, the paper tackles the central question, to what extent multilingualism and, with it, distinct conceptions of identity in Luxembourg are ‘curriculized’. Of interest here is the historical question, which ideas about a constructed linguistic identity were dominant before and after the primary education reform of 2009 and what the direction of travel is. Here I introduce the concept, first formulated at the beginning of the 20th century, of a Luxembourgian Mischkultur (mixed culture: Weber, 1909) and discuss the extent to which this idea conflicts with contemporary tendencies in educational planning. The paper will show that Luxembourg, as a kind of laboratory because of developing processes of globalisation and migration, is relevant to other multilingual contexts in general and curricular development in particular. [less ▲]

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See detailArchives du Web, « le dur » à l’épreuve de la durée
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 04)

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la ... [more ▼]

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la masse de tweets récupérés par la Library of Congress suite à un accord avec Twitter en 2010. Au plan national aussi nos institutions d’archivage - la Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) et l’Institut national de l’audiovisuel (Ina), collectent des volumes impressionnants (plus de 20 milliards de tweets archivés à la suite des attentats de novembre 2015 par l’Ina), invitant les chercheurs à penser des lectures et analyses outillées par des moyens informatiques afin d’approcher ces masses de données. Après avoir montré dans quelle mesure chercheurs et institutions d’archivage ont pu proposer un virage vers la lecture distante en matière d’archives du Web, nous interrogerons les enjeux et limites du traitement de ces sources nativement numériques par des méthodes computationnelles ou encore des outils relevant des humanités numériques. Entre archives enfermées dans les enceintes des bibliothèques en vertu du dépôt légal, opacité de certaines collectes, lacune des fonds et division du travail de collecte et d’analyse, singularité des corpus et difficulté à les pérenniser ou encore à les partager, il s’agira enfin de proposer des pistes à la question : « Faut-il et le cas échéant où durcir les analyses liées aux archives du Web ? ». [less ▲]

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See detailBordertexturen. Eine multidisziplinäre Annäherung an Border Complexities
Wille, Christian UL

Presentation (2018, November 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 UL)
See detailInclusive Practice: The influence of teachers´ attitudes and competence
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL

Presentation (2018, November 21)

Following the global drive toward more equity in educational systems in general, and inclusive education in particular (UN, 2006), research has focused increasingly on the extent to which teachers are or ... [more ▼]

Following the global drive toward more equity in educational systems in general, and inclusive education in particular (UN, 2006), research has focused increasingly on the extent to which teachers are or can be prepared to accommodate students with diverse special educational needs (SEN) in their classrooms. Teachers play a key role in creating inclusive learning environments (Borg, Hunter, Sigurjonsdottir, & D’Alessio, 2011) and for the successful implementation of inclusive practice (Meijer, Soriano, & Watkins, 2003). However, whilst teachers are faced with increasingly heterogeneous classrooms, relatively little is known about teachers´ perceived competence and willingness to accommodate a heterogeneous student population in relation to the characteristics of the school environment and demands of the educational system. In addition, it is important to consider teachers´ attitudes toward students with SEN and related behavioural intentions that may facilitate or hinder inclusion. More specifically, decisions concerning the interaction with and educational instruction of students with SEN may be affected by teachers´ perceived competence as well as by general stereotypes and associated attitudes, as attitudes can elicit positive or negative expectations and judgments, which, in turn, can enhance or limit the inclusion of students with SEN in mainstream schools. The presentation will outline findings of the INCLUS project, funded by the Luxembourgish National research Foundation (FNR), concerning teacher variables associated with the successful implementation of inclusive practice. The project investigated teachers´ attitudes and perceived competence concerning the inclusion of children with special educational needs, and evaluated intervention modules aiming to support teachers in implementing inclusive practice. Findings and their implications will be discussed in terms of theory and their implications for teacher training programs. [less ▲]

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See detailLa confrontation Est-Ouest: une analyse d’images de la guerre froide
Mouton, Victoria UL

Presentation (2018, November 19)

Ce séminaire s’est focalisé sur l’examen des problématiques posées par la confrontation Est-Ouest et proposait une analyse critique d’images de la guerre froide à l’aide d’un outil numérique.

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See detailThe viability of C-tests: Which place do they have among other language tests?
Reichert, Monique UL

Presentation (2018, November 17)

C-tests are language tests that consist of a small number of short texts. In each one of those texts, and starting with the second sentence, the second half of each second word is omitted, and test takers ... [more ▼]

C-tests are language tests that consist of a small number of short texts. In each one of those texts, and starting with the second sentence, the second half of each second word is omitted, and test takers are asked to provide the missing word parts. In addition to their appealing characteristic as language measurement instruments which are easy to create, administer and score, they generally yield highly objective and reliable results. These features might explain why C-tests have in the meantime been used for a multitude of purposes and languages. However, the recurrent question about the validity of C-tests makes aware that caution needs to be exercised with regard to the contexts in which these language tests can ideally be used. The presentation will give an introduction about the process(es) of c-test development, and highlight different purposes for which C-tests can be used by placing them in the context of other, more “classical” language tests. [less ▲]

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