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See detailL'Union économique et monétaire dans la tourmente
Prüm, André UL

in Revue de Droit Bancaire et Financier (2011), (4), 3-3

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (4 UL)
See detailL'Union européenne en 50 idées reçues
Allemand, Frederic UL; Auber, Emmanuel; Desmaison, Xavier

Book published by Ellipses Marketing (2011)

L'Union européenne est l'objet de multiples idées reçues, préjugés et autres clichés. Ceux-ci émanent aussi bien des eurosceptiques, qui cherchent à discréditer le projet européen, que des fédéralistes ... [more ▼]

L'Union européenne est l'objet de multiples idées reçues, préjugés et autres clichés. Ceux-ci émanent aussi bien des eurosceptiques, qui cherchent à discréditer le projet européen, que des fédéralistes, déçus par le manque d'ambition de l'Europe actuelle. Toutes ces caricatures dessinent une Europe imaginaire. Dans cet essai clair, didactique, actualisé, et spécialement destiné aux candidats des concours de la fonction publique, les auteurs, spécialistes des affaires européennes, s'attachent à faire mieux connaître l'Union européenne, qui est une structure éminemment complexe. Confrontant à la réalité des faits le "prêt-à-penser-l'Europe" qui ressort des 50 idées les plus communément reçues, ils ménagent une place aux différents courants de pensée, avec l'ambition de donner le goût de cette "idée neuve", l'Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)
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See detailL'Union européenne en crise face au dogme d'efficience des marchés financiers
Prüm, André UL

in De Rome à Lisbonne : les juridictions de l'Union européenne à la croisée des chemins : Mélanges en l'honneur de Paolo Mengozzi (2013)

The European Union crisis responses and the Efficient Capital Markets Hypothesis (ECMH) : The hypothesis that capital markets naturally function in an efficient way - possibly one of the widest accepted ... [more ▼]

The European Union crisis responses and the Efficient Capital Markets Hypothesis (ECMH) : The hypothesis that capital markets naturally function in an efficient way - possibly one of the widest accepted dogmas of contemporary liberalism - has for many years encouraged politicians and regulators in the US and in Europe to refrain from regulating too strictly or even to deregulate the financial industry. Moreover, by leaving the final responsibility of the soundness of their public finances to the individual Member States, the Efficient Capital Markets Hypothesis (ECMH) underpins the constitutional framework of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). The recent financial and sovereign debts crises, however, have highlighted the limits of the ECMH and the dangers for market actors, financial institutions, regulators and politicians of relying on the efficiency of financial markets without any qualification. In reaction to the financial and sovereign debts crises the European Union and its Member States have thus adopted or proposed a vast set of measures, stretching from new mechanisms of solidarity within the euro-zone to a banking union. While the overarching goal is to release the stress that financial markets continue to exercise both on the stability of the financial system and the EMU, these measures have been designed in urgency and tend to focus on specific issues. The overall vision and coherence of these measures are far from obvious. The present paper proposes to assess to what extent the European Union has learned the lessons about the ECMH and its impact on regulation that the crises taught us. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (23 UL)
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See detailL’Union européenne en crise face au dogme de l’efficience des marchés financiers
Prüm, André UL

E-print/Working paper (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (13 UL)
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See detailL’UNION EUROPEENNE ET LES ACCORDS DE LIBRE-ECHANGE NOUVELLE GENERATION QUELLE EFFICACITE D’ACTION D’UNE UNION A COMPETENCE LIMITEE ?
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Annuaire Français des Relations Internationales (2018)

New generation of free trade agreements (CETA, TTIP, agreements with Singapore, China, Vietnam, Japan i.e.) are the expression of the objective of making the European Union a global international actor ... [more ▼]

New generation of free trade agreements (CETA, TTIP, agreements with Singapore, China, Vietnam, Japan i.e.) are the expression of the objective of making the European Union a global international actor. The external action of the Union is however dependent on the principle of conferral and the division of competences with its Member States. It results from Opinion 2/15 of the Court of Justice that the EU competence to conclude the free trade agreement with Singapore is not exclusive, as long as provisions concerning non-direct investments and dispute settlement fall under the shared competence of the Union and its Member States. The limits of the Union’s external competence and the conclusion of a mixed agreement jeopardise the effectiveness of the Union’s external action. However, the objective of an efficient external action allows a novel interpretation of the scope of the Union’s competence in the field of common commercial policy, comprising sustainable development provisions, as well as of the conditions of exercise of shared external competences. [less ▲]

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See detailUnions and Firms Agglomeration
Toulemonde, Eric; Picard, Pierre M UL

in European Economic Review (2006), 50(3), 669-694

Economic geography models predict the agglomeration of manufacturing activies only if the workforce is mobile. Still, as the E.U.’s experience shows, core–periphery patterns exist even though the ... [more ▼]

Economic geography models predict the agglomeration of manufacturing activies only if the workforce is mobile. Still, as the E.U.’s experience shows, core–periphery patterns exist even though the workforce is rather immobile. The paper provides a theoretical explanation for such core–periphery patterns through the effect that unions have on firms’ incentive to agglomerate in a region. The paper offers fully analytical results about location equilibria and some interesting welfare properties. [less ▲]

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See detailUniqueness of minimal coverings of maximal partial clones
Schölzel, Karsten UL

in Algebra Universalis (2011), 65(4), 393-420

A partial function f on a k-element set Ek is a partial Sheffer function if every partial function on Ek is definable in terms of f. Since this holds if and only if f belongs to no maximal partial clone ... [more ▼]

A partial function f on a k-element set Ek is a partial Sheffer function if every partial function on Ek is definable in terms of f. Since this holds if and only if f belongs to no maximal partial clone on Ek, a characterization of partial Sheffer functions reduces to finding families of minimal coverings of maximal partial clones on Ek. We show that for each k ≥ 2, there exists a unique minimal covering. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 UL)
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See detailUnit Test Generation During Software Development: EvoSuite Plugins for Maven, IntelliJ and Jenkins
Arcuri, Andrea UL; Jose, Campos; Gordon, Fraser

in IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation (ICST) (2016)

Different techniques to automatically generate unit tests for object oriented classes have been proposed, but how to integrate these tools into the daily activities of software development is a little ... [more ▼]

Different techniques to automatically generate unit tests for object oriented classes have been proposed, but how to integrate these tools into the daily activities of software development is a little investigated question. In this paper, we report on our experience in supporting industrial partners in introducing the EVOSUITE automated JUnit test generation tool in their software development processes. The first step consisted of providing a plugin to the Apache Maven build infrastructure. The move from a research-oriented point-and-click tool to an automated step of the build process has implications on how developers interact with the tool and generated tests, and therefore, we produced a plugin for the popular IntelliJ Integrated Development Environment (IDE). As build automation is a core component of Continuous Integration (CI), we provide a further plugin to the Jenkins CI system, which allows developers to monitor the results of EVOSUITE and integrate generated tests in their source tree. In this paper, we discuss the resulting architecture of the plugins, and the challenges arising when building such plugins. Although the plugins described are targeted for the EVOSUITE tool, they can be adapted and their architecture can be reused for other test generation tools as well. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (3 UL)
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See detailUnitary W-algebras and three-dimensional higher spin gravities with spin one symmetry
Afshar, Hamid; Creutzig, Thomas; Grumiller, Daniel et al

in Journal of High Energy Physics [=JHEP] (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (3 UL)
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See detailUnité et diversité dans le paysage des groupements de personnes ou de biens en droit privé
Corbisier, Isabelle UL

in Centre Jean Renauld (UCL) (Ed.) Le nouveau droit des ASBL et des fondations : La loi du 2 mai 2002 (2002)

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See detailUnits in some parametric families of quartic fields
Leprévost, Franck UL; Pohst, Michael; Schöpp, Andreas

in Acta Arithmetica (2007), 127(3), 205-216

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See detailUnity and disunity among central bankers in an asymmetric Economic and Monetary Union
Howarth, David UL

in Hayward, Jack; Würzel, Rudi (Eds.) European Disunion: The Multidimensional Power Struggles (2012)

ECB monetary policy making was designed to disguise real, and to counter imagined, disunity within the bank itself, and among its component national central banks (NCBs) and their governors. The unity of ... [more ▼]

ECB monetary policy making was designed to disguise real, and to counter imagined, disunity within the bank itself, and among its component national central banks (NCBs) and their governors. The unity of the Eurosystem of central banks and the appearance of unity depended upon the assumption that central bankers keenly supported the German model – which they endorsed in the Delors Report on EMU in 1989. However, several features of the ECB undermined its unity and reputation for impartiality even prior to the start of EMU: notably, the greater representation of individuals from larger member states in the Governing Council. Crucially, though, the potential for disunity is in the Maastricht Treaty (Treaty on European Union) and the asymmetrical design of EMU. Euro area economic governance was insufficiently developed and, notably, fiscal policy rules were inadequately clarified and enforced. Similarly, in the Treaty, the responsibilities of the ECB to promote financial stability were left imprecise. Notably, due to central banker fears on the monetisation of debt, the ECB was not assigned the typical central bank function of ‘lender of last resort’. The disunity in the Eurosystem of central banks that erupted during the sovereign debt crisis from late 2009, demonstrated that unity relied on consensus around German and notably Bundesbank preferences. Disunity stemmed above all from the absence of a road map for ECB policy making in a context of severe existentialist crisis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
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See detailUniversal Design University: Removing Barriers and Enhancing Accessibility
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Simons, Maarten; Decuypere, Mathias; Vlieghe, Joris (Eds.) et al Curating the European University. Exposition and Public Debate (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (7 UL)
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See detailUniversal distribution of limit points
Meyrath, Thierry UL; Niess, Markus

in Acta Mathematica Hungarica (2011), 133(3), 288-303

We consider sequences of functions that have in some sense a universal distribution of limit points of zeros in the complex plane. In particular, we prove that functions having universal approximation ... [more ▼]

We consider sequences of functions that have in some sense a universal distribution of limit points of zeros in the complex plane. In particular, we prove that functions having universal approximation properties on compact sets with connected complement automatically have such a universal distribution of limit points. Moreover, in the case of sequences of derivatives, we show connections between this kind of universality and some rather old results of Edrei/MacLane and Pólya. Finally, we show the lineability of the set of what we call Jentzsch-universal power series. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
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See detailUniversal families of extensions of coherent systems
Tommasini, Matteo UL

E-print/Working paper (2013)

We prove a result of cohomology and base change for families of coherent systems over a curve. We use that in order to prove the existence of (non-split, non-degenerate) universal families of extensions ... [more ▼]

We prove a result of cohomology and base change for families of coherent systems over a curve. We use that in order to prove the existence of (non-split, non-degenerate) universal families of extensions for families of coherent systems (in the spirit of the paper "Universal families of extensions" by H. Lange). Such results will be applied in subsequent papers in order to describe the wallcrossing for some moduli spaces of coherent systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 UL)
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See detailUniversal Gaussian fluctuations of non-Hermitian matrix ensembles: from weak convergence to almost sure CLTs
Nourdin, Ivan UL; Peccati, Giovanni UL

in Latin American Journal of Probability and Mathematical Statistics (2010), 7

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
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See detailUniversal Gaussian fluctuations on the discrete Poisson chaos
Peccati, Giovanni UL; Zheng, Cengbo

in Bernoulli (2014), 20(2), 697-715

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See detailUniversal health coverage: an urgent need for collaborative learning and technology in primary care
Patel, Kunal D.; Mcloughlin, Clodagh; Lygidakis, Charilaos UL et al

in Education for Primary Care (2017)

Universal health coverage is an achievable goal for all health professionals globally. However, for it to be implemented technology and collaboration are essential. This letter focuses on recently ... [more ▼]

Universal health coverage is an achievable goal for all health professionals globally. However, for it to be implemented technology and collaboration are essential. This letter focuses on recently published recommendations for technology in primary care education in respect to Universal Health Coverage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 UL)