References of "2018"
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See detailGermany, Greece and Poland: The Complicated story of Reparations and their impact on European (dis?) Integration,
Paravantis, Spero UL

in Paravantis, Spero (Ed.) BENELUX, Europe and the Cold War: Asymmetrical cold war power relations in the Integration process of Europe (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (6 UL)
See detailPierre Werner and Europe: The Family Archives Behind the Werner Report.
Danescu, Elena UL

Book published by Palgrave Macmillan (2018)

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See detailStability of functionalized platform molecules on Au(111)
Jasper-Tönnies, Torben; Poltavskyi, Igor UL; Ulrich, Sandra et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2018), 149

Trioxatriangulenium (TOTA) platform molecules were functionalized with methyl, ethyl, ethynyl, propynyl, and hydrogen and sublimated onto Au(111) surfaces. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy ... [more ▼]

Trioxatriangulenium (TOTA) platform molecules were functionalized with methyl, ethyl, ethynyl, propynyl, and hydrogen and sublimated onto Au(111) surfaces. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy data reveal that >99% of ethyl-TOTA and methyl-TOTA remain intact, whereas 60% of H-TOTA and >99% of propynyl-TOTA and ethynyl-TOTA decompose. The observed tendency toward fragmentation on Au(111) is opposite to the sequence of gas-phase stabilities of the molecules. Although Au(111) is the noblest of all metal surfaces, the binding energies of the decomposition products to Au(111) destabilize the functionalized platforms by 2 to 3.9 eV (190–370 kJ/mol) and even render some of them unstable as revealed by density functional theory calculations. Van der Waals forces are important, as they drive the adsorption of the platform molecules. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital Resources and Tools in Historical Research
Zaagsma, Gerben UL; Wieneke, Lars UL

in Kollmann, Stefanie; Müller, Lars; Reh, Sabine (Eds.) et al Picture archives and the emergence of visual history of education. ISCHE 40 pre-conference workshop. 3rd workshop "Pictura Paedagogica Online: educational knowledge in images (2018, December 21)

One of the characteristic features of modern life is the omnipresence of images - in public life as well as in the private surroundings. At latest with coining the term "Visual history" at the beginning ... [more ▼]

One of the characteristic features of modern life is the omnipresence of images - in public life as well as in the private surroundings. At latest with coining the term "Visual history" at the beginning of the nineteen nineties historical disciplines are dealing with this ever growing pool of pictorial sources. This is also true for educational history - especially when keeping in mind that the use of images in an educational context is common practice since early modern ages. This concerns the presentation practices, the design of didactic visual media and their use in educational practice as well as the illustrated traces of historical educational practice and historical educational knowledge (e.g. photographs of school buildings or educational scenes). There are various digital picture archives to address the research questions of many historical disciplines. These databases, though, differ widely in purpose and design - and of course they cannot serve every scientific demand. According to Gerhard Paul there should be at least four layers of information evaluation when analysing historical images (reality of depiction, genesis, use and impact). Thus, building up a corpus of image sources with sufficient accompanying information can be quite challenging. As major topic the Pre-Conference Workshop will focus on the impact of the discipline on developing and maintaining of a picture archive. (DIPF/Orig.) [less ▲]

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See detailL'euro en quête d'un nouveau souffle
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2018)

L’euro est l’une des grandes aventures du XXe siècle. Pour la première fois des pays égaux et souverains consentent d’abandonner leurs monnaies nationales - symbole intrinsèque aux États nations - pour ... [more ▼]

L’euro est l’une des grandes aventures du XXe siècle. Pour la première fois des pays égaux et souverains consentent d’abandonner leurs monnaies nationales - symbole intrinsèque aux États nations - pour créer une monnaie unique gérée par une nouvelle institution, une banque centrale à l’échelon de l’Europe. Si l’euro ressemble davantage à un instrument technique pour une meilleure intégration économique, il représente surtout une construction institutionnelle originale et une forte avancée politique, néanmoins incomplète. [less ▲]

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See detailLubrication mechanism design for aircraft landing gear bearings
Heirendt, Laurent UL; Hugh, Hugh H.T.; Wang, Phillip

Patent (2018)

A shock absorber with lubricated bearings for an aircraft landing gear includes a piston that is received in a cylinder, and an upper bearing fixed to the piston that slidably engages an inner surface of ... [more ▼]

A shock absorber with lubricated bearings for an aircraft landing gear includes a piston that is received in a cylinder, and an upper bearing fixed to the piston that slidably engages an inner surface of the cylinder. A lower bearing extends inwardly from a lower portion of the cylinder and engages an outer surface of the piston. The lower bearing has a center axis and defines an annular bearing surface configured to slidably engage the piston outer surface. The annular bearing surface has a first portion that extends circumferentially more than one hundred eighty degrees about the center axis at a constant radius, defining a circular annular segment. A second portion closes the circular annular segment and defines a shallow channel or pocket in the annular bearing surface. In some embodiments the lower bearing further comprises oppositely disposed frustoconical thrust portions. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire de la gouvernance d'Internet
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 20)

initialement laboratoire d’une démocratie technique inachevée, la gouvernance de l’Internet pose rapidement la question de l’articulation du rôle des États, des experts techniques, des acteurs économiques ... [more ▼]

initialement laboratoire d’une démocratie technique inachevée, la gouvernance de l’Internet pose rapidement la question de l’articulation du rôle des États, des experts techniques, des acteurs économiques, des groupes impliqués et des usagers en général. Elle implique de penser les continuités et ruptures dans le temps court de l’histoire d’Internet, mais aussi dans la poursuite de luttes plus anciennes pour la maîtrise de l’information et des communications, où les rapports de pouvoir n’ont jamais été absents. [less ▲]

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See detailDialog - traduction française du magazine DIALOG
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Mortini, Simone UL

Article for general public (2018)

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See detailThe Role of Implicit Nationality Preference in Speaker Evaluations in the Multilingual Context of Montreal
Lehnert, Tessa Elisabeth UL; Hörstermann, Thomas UL

in Journal of Language and Social Psychology (2018)

Multilingual contexts in cross-border regions are characterized by a high number of inhabitants making use of various languages depending on the context. A language that a person speaks thus cannot be ... [more ▼]

Multilingual contexts in cross-border regions are characterized by a high number of inhabitants making use of various languages depending on the context. A language that a person speaks thus cannot be used as indicator of national group membership, which highlights the need for a distinction. The present study aimed to transfer an adapted model positing language and nationality attitudes as distinct factors of speaker evaluations, both on an explicit and implicit level, to the context of Montreal. Explicit attitudes were assumed to primarily affect explicit speaker evaluations, whereas implicit attitudes were expected to be the primary predictor of implicit speaker evaluations. Results primarily confirmed the distinctness of language and nationality concepts on an implicit attitude level. Moreover, the crucial role of nationality preference on an implicit level was highlighted: Quebecers’ implicit nationality attitudes affected implicit preferences for the Quebec nation suggesting affirmation of model transferability. [less ▲]

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See detailTutorials for using the Digraph3 Python software collection
Bisdorff, Raymond UL

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2018)

The documentation contains a set of tutorials introducing the main objects like digraphs, outranking digraphs and performance tableaux. There is also a tutorial provided on undirected graphs. Some ... [more ▼]

The documentation contains a set of tutorials introducing the main objects like digraphs, outranking digraphs and performance tableaux. There is also a tutorial provided on undirected graphs. Some tutorials are problem oriented and show how to compute the winner of an election, how to build a best choice recommendation, or how to linearly rank with multiple incommensurable ranking criteria. A last tutorial illustrates how to compute non isomorphic maximal independent sets in the n-cycle graph. [less ▲]

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See detailUpcycling polymers: a revolutionary approach to promoting the circular economy
Wolf, Claude UL; Kedziora, Slawomir UL

in Impact (2018), 2018(Number 9), 103-1053

The UPcycling using Additive Manufacturing (UpAM) project seeks to introduce an innovative educational and interactive framework to demonstrate the benefits of upcycling so that any individual can produce ... [more ▼]

The UPcycling using Additive Manufacturing (UpAM) project seeks to introduce an innovative educational and interactive framework to demonstrate the benefits of upcycling so that any individual can produce their own products using recycled raw materials. For years, societies have been aware that the unlimited consumption of products is unavoidably intertwined with the unlimited production of waste. This is exactly why scientists and researchers have been trying to find alternative and meaningful solutions to the Linear Economy model, a model that dictates a specific sequence of events: extracting raw materials, manufacturing products, consuming and discarding these products. Looking beyond that ‘take, make, dispose’ approach, it was in 1989 that the notion of Circular Economy (CE) was first proposed by Pearce and Turner; a concept that is restorative and regenerative and that involves reusing products, repairing, recycling and upcycling. Therefore, the core element of this innovative and environmentally-friendly model is to rely on system-wide innovative processes in order to redefine products, services and, most importantly, our way of thinking, to design waste out, thus allowing a profound transition to renewable energy sources [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation study of the electrical tunneling network conductivity of suspensions of hard spherocylinders
Atashpendar, Arshia; Arora, Sarthak; Rahm, Alexander UL et al

in Physical Review. E. (2018), 98

Using Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate the electrical conductivity of networks of hard rods with aspect ratios 10 and 20 as a function of the volume fraction for two tunneling conductance models ... [more ▼]

Using Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate the electrical conductivity of networks of hard rods with aspect ratios 10 and 20 as a function of the volume fraction for two tunneling conductance models. For a simple, orientationally independent tunneling model, we observe nonmonotonic behavior of the bulk conductivity as a function of volume fraction at the isotropic-nematic transition. However, this effect is lost if one allows for anisotropic tunneling. The relative conductivity enhancement increases exponentially with volume fraction in the nematic phase. Moreover, we observe that the orientational ordering of the rods in the nematic phase induces an anisotropy in the conductivity, i.e., enhanced values in the direction of the nematic director field. We also compute the mesh number of the Kirchhoff network, which turns out to be a simple alternative to the computationally expensive conductivity of large systems in order to get a qualitative estimate. [less ▲]

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See detailModernismen in Luxembourg: Modernismes au Luxembourg
Millim, Anne-Marie UL; De Toffoli, Ian

Book published by Centre national de littérature (2018)

Der vorliegende Band versteht sich als Beitrag zu den internationalen Modernismus-Studien. Zum ersten Mal werden Spannungen, Interaktionen und Friktionen in der kulturellen Welt sowie die Koexistenz von ... [more ▼]

Der vorliegende Band versteht sich als Beitrag zu den internationalen Modernismus-Studien. Zum ersten Mal werden Spannungen, Interaktionen und Friktionen in der kulturellen Welt sowie die Koexistenz von Tradition und Innovation im Luxemburger Kontext in einem interdisziplinären Sammelband mit einander in Verbindung gebracht. Die Beiträge thematisieren Gleichzeitigkeiten und Interaktionen zwischen den verschiedenen Kunstfeldern Architektur, Kunst und Literatur auf. Mit Beiträgen in vier Sprachen, Luxemburgisch, Deutsch, Französisch und Englisch, spiegelt der Band die mehrsprachige Realität des Luxemburger Forschungskontextes wieder und richtet sich sowohl an ein Luxemburger als auch an ein internationales Publikum. Diskussionen zur Natur der Moderne in spezifischen Kontexten bewegen sich häufig innerhalb der Dualität ›modern vs. traditionell‹, wobei die Tradition oft mit Rückständigkeit assoziiert wird. Werke, die in einem Kontext als innovativ und schrankenbrechend gelten, werden in anderen Zusammenhängen als verstaubt und epigonal angesehen. Wenn wir die Relevanz und Qualität der Luxemburger Literatur und Kunst vorrangig anhand ihrer Korrespondenzen zu ausländischen Meisterwerken messen, so laufen wir notwendigerweise das Risiko sie zu unterschätzen und misszuverstehen. Anliegen dieses Bandes ist deshalb radikal innovative Werke des Luxemburger Kontextes sichtbar zu machen, sowie auch Traditionen als Formen der Innovation zu verstehen. Einige der Fragen, die die Beiträger dieses Bandes aufwerfen: wann geschieht die Moderne in Luxemburg? Wie, und in Beziehung wozu, wird sie definiert? Wer definiert sie, mit welchem Anliegen und in welchem Kontext? Die Beiträger bezeugen verschiedene Herangehensweisen an die Thematik: die Artikel reichen von longue durée Studien, zu close readings von Stil, Themen und Formen, zu Untersuchungen des formativen Einflusses kultureller Faktoren. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude qualitative par entretiens sur l'enseignement du français au Luxembourg
Morys, Nancy UL

in Lenz, Thomas; Baumann, Isabell; Küpper, Achim (Eds.) Rapport national sur l'éducation au Luxembourg (2018)

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See detailInklusive Bildung aus der Sicht luxemburgischer Grundschullehrerinnen und -lehrer
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Krischler, Mireille UL

in Lenz, Thomas; Baumann, Isabell; Küpper, Achim (Eds.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2018 (2018)

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See detailÜbergangsentscheidungen in Luxemburg – Die Passung zwischen Leistungs- und Anforderungsniveau und deren Relation zum späteren Lernerfolg
Hörstermann, Thomas UL; Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in Lenz, Thomas; Baumann, Isabell; Küpper, Achim (Eds.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2018 (2018)

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See detailTemporal enhancer profiling of parallel lineages identifies AHR and GLIS1 as regulators of mesenchymal multipotency
Gerard, Déborah UL; Schmidt, Florian; Ginolhac, Aurélien UL et al

in Nucleic Acids Research (2018)

Temporal data on gene expression and context-specific open chromatin states can improve identification of key transcription factors (TFs) and the gene regulatory networks (GRNs) controlling cellular ... [more ▼]

Temporal data on gene expression and context-specific open chromatin states can improve identification of key transcription factors (TFs) and the gene regulatory networks (GRNs) controlling cellular differentiation. However, their integration remains challenging. Here, we delineate a general approach for data-driven and unbiased identification of key TFs and dynamic GRNs, called EPIC-DREM. We generated time-series transcriptomic and epigenomic profiles during differentiation of mouse multipotent bone marrow stromal cell line (ST2) toward adipocytes and osteoblasts. Using our novel approach we constructed time-resolved GRNs for both lineages and identifed the shared TFs involved in both differentiation processes. To take an alternative approach to prioritize the identified shared regulators, we mapped dynamic super-enhancers in both lineages and associated them to target genes with correlated expression profiles. The combination of the two approaches identified aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and Glis family zinc finger 1 (GLIS1) as mesenchymal key TFs controlled by dynamic cell type-specific super-enhancers that become repressed in both lineages. AHR and GLIS1 control differentiation-induced genes and their overexpression can inhibit the lineage commitment of the multipotent bone marrow-derived ST2 cells. [less ▲]

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See detailL’éducation inclusive du point de vue du personnel de l’enseignement fondamental luxembourgeois
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Krischler, Mireille UL

in Lenz, Thomas; Baumann, Isabell; Küpper, Achim (Eds.) Rapport Ntional sur l´Éducation au Luxembourg 2018 (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)