References of "2017"
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See detailEnergy, Risk and Governance: The Case of Nuclear Energy in India
Wong, Catherine UL

Book published by Palgrave Macmillan (2017)

This book is about how risk, energy and governance are intertwined in the development of the nuclear industry in India and its relationship with the Indian public. It provides a rare insider-view of how ... [more ▼]

This book is about how risk, energy and governance are intertwined in the development of the nuclear industry in India and its relationship with the Indian public. It provides a rare insider-view of how the nuclear establishment thinks about risk and contrasts that with public understandings of nuclear risk. Through that, the book presents a more nuanced picture of why nuclear energy is considered a rational choice in spite of the risks; the ambiguities in both expert and public risk perceptions; and the internal reflexivities that have emerged within the nuclear establishment as a result of the Fukushima-Daiichi disaster which are not displayed in the public discourse. The insights in this book are not unique to India and similar observations can easily be made in the global nuclear industry. Reflecting on what this means for risk governance in practice, the book proposes a toolkit that practitioners in the nuclear industry can use in public engagement, risk communication and deliberation at various stages of decision-making. [less ▲]

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See detailBritain, the US and Greece after World War II: Anglo-American Relations and the Cold War
Paravantis, Spero UL

Book published by IB Tauris - 1st (2017)

This Book provides a new analysis of the role that the British played in the shift in American foreign policy from 1946 to 1950. To achieve this shift (which also included support of British strategic ... [more ▼]

This Book provides a new analysis of the role that the British played in the shift in American foreign policy from 1946 to 1950. To achieve this shift (which also included support of British strategic interests in the Eastern Mediterranean) this book argues that the British used Greece, first as a way to draw the United States further into European affairs, and then as a way to anchor the United States in Europe, achieving a guarantee of security of the Eastern Mediterranean and of Western Europe. While trying to understand and explain the origins and dynamics of Anglo-American foreign policy in the pre and early years of the Cold War, the role that perception played in the design and implementation of foreign policy became a central focus of the research. From this point came the realization of a general lack of emphasis and research into the ways in which the British government managed to convince the United States government to assume support for worldwide British strategic objectives. How this support was achieved is the central theme of this book. It also addresses the question of whether or not Anglo-American policy was simply a convergence of common Anglo-American objectives, or if it was a result of common objectives created by British influence? To support these hypotheses, this work uses mainly the British and American documents relating to Greece from 1946 to 1950 to explain how these nations made and implemented policy towards Greece during this crucial period in history. In so doing it also explains how American foreign policy in general changed from its pre-war focus on non-intervention, to the post-war policy which heavily favours intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailDrama und Interkulturalität
Bloch, Natalie UL; Heimböckel, Dieter UL

in Englhart, Andreas; Schößler, Franziska (Eds.) Grundthemen der Literaturwissenschaft: Drama (2017)

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See detailLIPS vs MOSA: a Replicated Em- pirical Study on Automated Test Case Generation
Panichella, Annibale UL; Kifetew, Fitsum; Tonella, Paolo

in International Symposium on Search Based Software Engineering (SSBSE) 2017 (2017, September 09)

Replication is a fundamental pillar in the construction of scientific knowledge. Test data generation for procedural programs can be tackled using a single-target or a many-objective approach. The ... [more ▼]

Replication is a fundamental pillar in the construction of scientific knowledge. Test data generation for procedural programs can be tackled using a single-target or a many-objective approach. The proponents of LIPS, a novel single-target test generator, conducted a preliminary empirical study to compare their approach with MOSA, an alternative many-objective test generator. However, their empirical investigation suffers from several external and internal validity threats, does not consider complex programs with many branches and does not include any qualitative analysis to interpret the results. In this paper, we report the results of a replication of the original study designed to address its major limitations and threats to validity. The new findings draw a completely different picture on the pros and cons of single-target vs many-objective approaches to test case generation. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture in Discrete Materials Using a Variational Quasicontinuum Method
Rokos, Ondrej; Peerlings, Ron; Beex, Lars UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, September 05)

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See detailIs Big Data Sufficient for a Reliable Detection of Non-Technical Losses?
Glauner, Patrick UL; Migliosi, Angelo UL; Meira, Jorge Augusto UL et al

in Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Intelligent System Applications to Power Systems (ISAP 2017) (2017, September)

Non-technical losses (NTL) occur during the distribution of electricity in power grids and include, but are not limited to, electricity theft and faulty meters. In emerging countries, they may range up to ... [more ▼]

Non-technical losses (NTL) occur during the distribution of electricity in power grids and include, but are not limited to, electricity theft and faulty meters. In emerging countries, they may range up to 40% of the total electricity distributed. In order to detect NTLs, machine learning methods are used that learn irregular consumption patterns from customer data and inspection results. The Big Data paradigm followed in modern machine learning reflects the desire of deriving better conclusions from simply analyzing more data, without the necessity of looking at theory and models. However, the sample of inspected customers may be biased, i.e. it does not represent the population of all customers. As a consequence, machine learning models trained on these inspection results are biased as well and therefore lead to unreliable predictions of whether customers cause NTL or not. In machine learning, this issue is called covariate shift and has not been addressed in the literature on NTL detection yet. In this work, we present a novel framework for quantifying and visualizing covariate shift. We apply it to a commercial data set from Brazil that consists of 3.6M customers and 820K inspection results. We show that some features have a stronger covariate shift than others, making predictions less reliable. In particular, previous inspections were focused on certain neighborhoods or customer classes and that they were not sufficiently spread among the population of customers. This framework is about to be deployed in a commercial product for NTL detection. [less ▲]

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See detailPolynésie et Mélanésie
Ehrhart, Sabine UL

in Reutner, Ursula (Ed.) Manuel des francophonies (2017)

Dans le présent article nous tenterons de dresser le portrait des situations d’utilisation du français dans l’océan Pacifique, dans une approche écologique, dynamique et holistique. Nous présenterons ... [more ▼]

Dans le présent article nous tenterons de dresser le portrait des situations d’utilisation du français dans l’océan Pacifique, dans une approche écologique, dynamique et holistique. Nous présenterons brièvement l’évolution historique et politique de chaque aire francophone, de son degré de francophonie et des liens qui existent entre le français et les autres langues parlées à chaque endroit, selon les domaines et fonctions d’utilisation. Certaines parties de cette vaste région se caractérisent par le tissage d’un réseau actif de relations interinsulaires. La Polynésie en est l’illustration type, alors qu’en revanche les espaces insulaires de la Mélanésie ont davantage tendance à être repliés sur eux-mêmes. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat do we need to say about a design method?
Gericke, Kilian UL; Eckert, Claudia; Stacey, Martin

in Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (2017, August)

Method development is one of the raisons d’etre of engineering design research and method uptake by industry is perceived as an important success criterion. This paper argues that one of the problems with ... [more ▼]

Method development is one of the raisons d’etre of engineering design research and method uptake by industry is perceived as an important success criterion. This paper argues that one of the problems with methods is the lack of clarity about what is actually proposed to industry and the academic community when a new method is put forward, in terms of how detailed, strict, precise and rigorous the method is and what it can deliver. This paper puts the concept of method in the context of related concepts and proposes a multi-level model of the elements of a method to argue that a contribution on each of these levels can be of value and that the introduction of methods can fail on each of these levels. Implications thereof for industry and academia are discussed, concluding that a clear description of methods and their intended use is important for enabling proper validation of each of the method’s elements and for communicating methods to academia and industry. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscussant
Greiff, Samuel UL

Scientific Conference (2017, August)

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See detailAn engineering approach to mapping meanings in products and services
Waltersdorfer, Gregor UL; Gericke, Kilian UL; Desmet, Pieter M. A. et al

Scientific Conference (2017, August)

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See detaileXtended Variational Quasicontinuum Methodology for Modelling of Crack Propagation in Discrete Lattice Systems
Rokos, Ondrej; Peerlings, Ron; Zeman, Jan et al

Scientific Conference (2017, July 17)

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See detailAn equation-free multiscale method: a result of extending the quasicontinuum method to irregular structures
Beex, Lars UL; Kerfriden, Pierre

Scientific Conference (2017, July 16)

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See detailProfiles of students on account of complex problem solving strategies
Gnaldi, M.; Bacci, S.; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, July)

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See detailSpatial PAPR Reduction in Symbol-level Precoding for the Multi-beam Satellite Downlink
Spano, Danilo UL; Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE SPAWC 2017 (2017, July)

In this work, a novel symbol-level precoding scheme is proposed, for managing the multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. Besides exploiting the ... [more ▼]

In this work, a novel symbol-level precoding scheme is proposed, for managing the multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. Besides exploiting the constructive interference effect, the proposed scheme aims at improving the robustness of the transmitted signals to the non-linear distortions of practical satellite systems. This is done by reducing the imbalances between the instantaneous power transmitted by the multiple antennas, which are detrimental in non-linear systems. More specifically, this work proposes a symbol-level precoding scheme performing the minimization of the spatial peak-to-average power ratio, under Quality-of-Service constraints. An iterative algorithm is proposed to solve the related optimization problem. Numerical results are presented to assess the performance of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the state of the art symbol-level precoding techniques in terms of spatial peak-to-average power ratio across the transmitting antennas. [less ▲]

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See detailTo use or not to use? Investigating the validity argument for the use of short scales in research settings
Kemper, Christoph UL; Becker, N.; Baudson, T. G. et al

Scientific Conference (2017, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 UL)