References of "1999"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailL'agrégation de critères interactifs au moyen de l'intégrale de Choquet discrète
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

Presentation (1999, December 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 UL)
See detailMusique à vent sacrale
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Conference given outside the academic context (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe impact on parents of behaviour problems in children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus
Stevenson, Jim; Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL

Scientific Conference (1999, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailAide à la décision en présence de données ordinales
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

Presentation (1999, October 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAgrégation de critères interactifs au moyen de l'intégrale de Choquet discrète
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

in Actes des "Rencontres francophones sur la logique floue et ses applications" (LFA'99), Valenciennes, France, Oct. 21-22, 1999 (1999, October)

The most often used operator to aggregate criteria in decision making problems is the classical weighted arithmetic mean. In many problems however, the criteria considered interact, and a substitute to ... [more ▼]

The most often used operator to aggregate criteria in decision making problems is the classical weighted arithmetic mean. In many problems however, the criteria considered interact, and a substitute to the weighted arithmetic mean has to be adopted. We show that, under rather natural conditions, the discrete Choquet integral is an adequate aggregation operator that extends the weighted arithmetic mean by the taking into consideration of the interaction among criteria. The axiomatic that supports the Choquet integral is presented in detail. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (2 UL)
See detailLa formation de formateurs dans la Grande Région SAARLORLUX
Houssemand, Claude UL; Martin, Romain UL

Presentation (1999, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailOverall mate attractiveness: Towards a Computational Metaphor of Human Mate Choice
Reuter, Bob UL

Dissertation and these (1999)

This paper provides a computational characterisation of human mate choice. In terms of evolutionary biology, choosing the "best" mating strategy is a matter of maximising the trade-offs resulting from the ... [more ▼]

This paper provides a computational characterisation of human mate choice. In terms of evolutionary biology, choosing the "best" mating strategy is a matter of maximising the trade-offs resulting from the costs and benefits associated with any activity "aiming" at survival and reproduction, like living to reproductive age, displaying desirable features, courting, mating, parenting, etc. Evolved mating strategies can descriptively be characterised as such cost/benefit analyses (or conditional strategies). They should take into account the effects of those biological, ecological, populational, social and cultural constraints that were recurrently affecting the long- term inclusive fitness of our hominid ancestors. Similarly, in terms of evolutionary cognitive science, choosing the "best" mate is a matter of maximising satisfaction of a set of positive and negative constraints affecting inclusive fitness. Overall mate attractiveness is conjectured to be the product of this dynamic multiple constraint satisfaction process. It is, moreover, shown that a computational metaphor based on parallel distributed processing captures essential features of human mate choice, like infatuation and the "beautiful-is-good" effect. It also provides an integrating view on the numerous preference factors documented to affect perceived mate value. Finally, the author proposes new empirical predictions about constraints on overall mate attractiveness to be explored in future multidisciplinary studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 UL)
See detailStaatliche Forschungsförderung der Sozialwissenschaften: Die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft und die amerikanische National Science Foundation im Vergleich
Powell, Justin J W UL

Bachelor/master dissertation (1999)

Why have the social sciences been more successful at gaining funding from Germany's national science foundation, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), than from the U.S. National Science Foundation ... [more ▼]

Why have the social sciences been more successful at gaining funding from Germany's national science foundation, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), than from the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF)? Historical-institutional case studies of the DFG's difficult reconstruction and NSF's complicated birth show how scientists negotiated postwar political conditions. Further, comparative analysis examines postwar research and development trends through 1997, including organization-level data on funding distributions between branches of science. Postwar consensus about the increasing importance of science enabled the rapid growth of government-sponsored research funds and distributing organizations, with the DFG and the NSF created to allocate basic research funds among and within disciplines. While institutionalized peer review systems balanced external political control and scientific freedom, competition between levels and branches of government and complex decision making processes affected federal research-sponsoring agencies' expansion as intermediary institutions. While both organizations attempt to shield themselves from political control by nonscientists, the NSF has been less successful than the DFG in maintaining its autonomy from federal policymakers. In Germany, the federal science ministry with its comprehensive budgeting process and constitutionally guaranteed academic freedoms strengthen the equilibrium of the science-politics nexus. In contrast, the US still lacks an executive branch department of science or technology and American social scientists only obtained a full-fledged social science directorate at the NSF in the 1990s. Comparative analysis shows significant differences in political decision-makers' control of these organizations, especially with respect to the natural sciences' dominance over the social sciences. German social scientists have maintained higher levels of government funding for basic research than their American peers, who suffered both lost autonomy and diminished funding, especially at NSF. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (7 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe idiomatic viewpoint of the European Folksongs
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Scientific Conference (1999, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConsensus with ordinal data
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

in Proc. 7th Eur. Congr. on Intelligent Techniques and Soft Computing (EUFIT'99) (1999, September)

We present a model allowing to aggregate decision criteria when the available information is of qualitative nature. The use of the Sugeno integral in this model is justified by an axiomatic approach. An ... [more ▼]

We present a model allowing to aggregate decision criteria when the available information is of qualitative nature. The use of the Sugeno integral in this model is justified by an axiomatic approach. An illustrative example is also provided. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOrdinal aggregation with qualitative scales
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

in Proc. 50th Meeting of the Eur. Working Group "Multiple Criteria Decision Aiding" (MCDA 50), Cerisy-la-Salle, France, Sep. 28 - Oct. 2, 1999 (1999, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEntropy of a Choquet capacity
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

in Mayor, Gaspar; Suñer, Jaume (Eds.) Proceedings of the 1999 EUSFLAT-ESTYLF Joint Conference, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, September 22-25, 1999. (1999, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAbout the Choquet integral as a tool to aggregate utilities in the presence of interacting points of view
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

Scientific Conference (1999, August)

One basic assumption to consider an additive utility function is the preferential independence. When interacting criteria are considered, this condition might be violated and a substitute to the classical ... [more ▼]

One basic assumption to consider an additive utility function is the preferential independence. When interacting criteria are considered, this condition might be violated and a substitute to the classical weighted mean has to be adopted. The Choquet integral seems to be an adequate aggregation operator that extends the weighted mean and the ordered weighted average (OWA). The axiomatics that supports the Choquet integral is presented as well as its behavioral analysis with regards to veto and favor effects, degree of disjunction and measure of dispersion. One illustrative example of its application in the field of MCDM is provided. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMutations in ABC1 in Tangier disease and familial high-density lipoprotein deficiency
Brooks-Wilson, A.; Marcil, M.; Clee, S. M. et al

in Nature Genetics (1999), 22(4), 336-45

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (14 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe neural basis of human face categorization: A parametric pet study
Rossion, B; Schiltz, Christine UL; Robaye, L et al

Poster (1999, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAbout the Choquet integral as an aggregator in the framework of MCDA with interacting criteria
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

in De Baets, B.; Fodor, J.; Kóczy, L.T. (Eds.) Proc. of the 4th Meeting of the EURO Working Group on Fuzzy Sets and the 2nd Int. Conf. on Soft and Intelligent Computing (EUROFUSE-SIC’99 Joint Conference), Budapest, Hungary, May 25-28, 1999 (1999, May)

We present a model allowing to determine the weights related to interacting criteria. This is done on the basis of the knowledge of a partial ranking over a reference set of alternatives (prototypes), a ... [more ▼]

We present a model allowing to determine the weights related to interacting criteria. This is done on the basis of the knowledge of a partial ranking over a reference set of alternatives (prototypes), a partial ranking over the set of criteria, and a partial ranking over the set of interactions between pairs of criteria. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 UL)