References of "de la Croix, David"
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See detailStructural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in France and Germany
Batyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier et al

in German Economic Review (in press)

The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. A model with an imperfectly competitive labor market allows us to consider also the effects of ... [more ▼]

The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. A model with an imperfectly competitive labor market allows us to consider also the effects of bargaining power and of matching efficiency on pre-retirement. We find that lower bargaining power of workers and declining matching efficiency have been important determinants of early retirement in France and Germany. These structural changes, combined with early-retirement transfers and population aging, are also consistent with the employment and unemployment rates, labor share and seniority premia. [less ▲]

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See detailDeclining bargaining power of workers and the rise of early retirement in Europe
Batyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier et al

E-print/Working paper (2013)

We offer an alternative explanation for the decline in labor force participation of senior workers. Typically, tax and transfer explanations have been proposed. On the contrary, a model with imperfectly ... [more ▼]

We offer an alternative explanation for the decline in labor force participation of senior workers. Typically, tax and transfer explanations have been proposed. On the contrary, a model with imperfectly competitive labor market allows to consider as well the effects of a drop in bargaining power, which would not be possible in a purely neoclassical framework. We find that a decline in the bargaining power of workers, which has taken place in the last four decades, has largely contributed to the rise in inactivity in Europe. However, we need a combination of these two explanations, along with population aging and a fall in the matching efficiency, in order to correctly reproduce the joint evolutions of other labor market variables such as the employment and unemployment rates. [less ▲]

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See detailAging and Pensions in General Equilibrium: Labour Market Imperfections Matter
de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier; Sneessens, Henri UL

in Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2013), 37

We re-examine the effects of population aging and pension reforms in an OLG model with labor market frictions. The most important feature brought about by labor market frictions is the connection between ... [more ▼]

We re-examine the effects of population aging and pension reforms in an OLG model with labor market frictions. The most important feature brought about by labor market frictions is the connection between the interest rate and the unemployment rate. Exogenous shocks (such as aging) leading to lower interest rates also imply lower equilibrium unemployment rates, because lower capital costs stimulate labor demand and induce firms to advertise more vacancies. These effects may be reinforced by increases in the participation rate of older workers, induced by the higher wage rates and the larger probability of finding a job. These results imply that neglecting labor market frictions and employment rate dynamics may seriously bias the evaluation of pension reforms when they have an impact on the equilibrium interest rate. [less ▲]

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