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See detailTeachers make the difference! Gender specific predictors of bullying and cyberbullying
Steffgen, Georges UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2018, April 26)

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See detailLa satisfaction de vie des élèves au Luxembourg
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Catunda, Carolina UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, les élèves devaient indiquer à quel point ils étaient satisfaits de leur vie. La valeur « 0 » signifiait « la plus mauvaise vie possible » et la valeur « 10 » ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, les élèves devaient indiquer à quel point ils étaient satisfaits de leur vie. La valeur « 0 » signifiait « la plus mauvaise vie possible » et la valeur « 10 » signifiait « la meilleur vie possible ». Parmi les participants du Luxembourg, 82 % ont indiqué une valeur de 6 ou plus, ce qui est défini comme étant « un niveau de satisfaction de vie élevé ». Pour 10 % d’entre eux, la satisfaction de vie était cotée avec la valeur moyenne de 5 et les 8 % restants ont indiqué une valeur inférieure à 5. La satisfaction de vie des filles moins âgées est plus élevée que celle des filles plus âgées. Chez les garçons, par contre, la satisfaction de vie reste pratiquement constante de 11 à 18 ans. Les garçons sont plus satisfaits de leur vie que les filles, ainsi que les enfants issus des familles avec un niveau socio-économique élevé, en comparaison avec ceux issus des familles ayant un niveau socio-économique faible. La satisfaction de vie est également liée aux problèmes de santé : les élèves qui indiquent souffrir fréquemment de douleurs, de tristesse, de mauvaise humeur / d’irritabilité, de nervosité, de problèmes à s’endormir ou de vertiges sont moins souvent satisfaits de leur vie. [less ▲]

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See detailLes problèmes de santé des élèves luxembourgeois
Heinz, Andreas UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Catunda, Carolina UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, réalisée dans plusieurs pays de l’Union européenne, les élèves interrogés devaient indiquer la fréquence à laquelle ils souffraient des huit problèmes de santé ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, réalisée dans plusieurs pays de l’Union européenne, les élèves interrogés devaient indiquer la fréquence à laquelle ils souffraient des huit problèmes de santé suivants : maux de tête ou de dos, douleurs abdominales, tristesse, irritabilité, nervosité, difficultés à s’endormir ou vertiges. Le résultat démontre que 41 % des élèves affirmaient avoir plusieurs fois par semaine voire quotidiennement au moins deux des huit problèmes précités. Les filles souffrent plus fréquemment de problèmes de santé que les garçons, ainsi que les élèves plus âgés comparativement aux plus jeunes. En outre, des enfants issus de familles avec un niveau socio-économique faible ont plus souvent des problèmes de santé que les enfants des familles ayant un niveau socio-économique élevé. Enfin, les élèves du secondaire technique et du modulaire souffrent plus fréquemment de problèmes de santé que les élèves de l’enseignement fondamental et du secondaire. [less ▲]

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See detailLe surpoids chez les élèves au Luxembourg
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Catunda, Carolina UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, réalisée dans plusieurs pays de l’Union européenne, les élèves étaient interrogés concernant leur taille et leur poids pour permettre de calculer leur indice de masse ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de l’enquête HBSC 2014, réalisée dans plusieurs pays de l’Union européenne, les élèves étaient interrogés concernant leur taille et leur poids pour permettre de calculer leur indice de masse corporelle (IMC). Parmi les participants, 13 % sont trop maigres, 72 % ont un poids normal, 13 % sont en surpoids et 3 % sont obèses. En comparant avec les autres pays, il y a relativement peu d’enfants de 11 ans au Luxembourg en surpoids. La proportion des élèves de 15 ans en situation de surpoids se trouve au niveau de la moyenne internationale. Les enfants issus de familles de niveau socio-économique élevé ont un risque plus faible d’être en surpoids que ceux des familles avec un niveau plus bas. Les élèves de l’enseignement fondamental et du secondaire sont moins susceptibles d’être en surpoids que ceux du secondaire technique et du modulaire. [less ▲]

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See detailFragebogen HBSC 2018 (enseignement secondaire)
Heinz, Andreas UL

E-print/Working paper (2018)

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See detailFragebogen HBSC 2018 (enseignement fondamental)
Heinz, Andreas UL

E-print/Working paper (2018)

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See detailHealth Behaviour in School-aged Children - Studienergebnisse der HBSC-Erhebung 2014
Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, December 13)

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See detailZugangsbarrieren im Gesundheitssystem - Ein Ländervergleich
Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, December 08)

In der international vergleichenden Forschung zu Gesundheitssystemen spielt der Zugang zu Gesundheitsleistungen eine zentrale Rolle. Entsprechende Typologien klassifizieren Gesundheitssysteme u.a. danach ... [more ▼]

In der international vergleichenden Forschung zu Gesundheitssystemen spielt der Zugang zu Gesundheitsleistungen eine zentrale Rolle. Entsprechende Typologien klassifizieren Gesundheitssysteme u.a. danach, ob Patienten Zuzahlungen leisten müssen, ob sie sich bei Hausärzten einschreiben müssen und nach welchen Regeln sie einen Facharzt konsultieren können (z.B. Reibling 2010, Wendt 2009, Böhm et al 2013). In der Typologie von Wendt gehört Österreich zum „Health service provision-oriented type“, der fast der gesamten Bevölkerung einen einfachen Zugang zu Gesundheitsleistungen bei geringen Zuzahlungen und freier Arztwahl ermöglicht (2009). Diese Typologien basieren jedoch auf den gesetzlichen Zugangsregeln in einem Land, nicht auf den subjektiven Erfahrungen der Bevölkerung mit Zugangsbarrieren. Im aktuellen European Social Survey (ESS) wurde nach diesen Barrieren gefragt: Haben Befragte medizinische Behandlungen nicht bekommen und was waren die Gründe (z.B. Kosten, Behandlung nicht erhältlich, Warteliste zu lang)? Der Vortrag stellt die Ergebnisse des ESS vor und geht auf folgende Fragen ein: • Wie häufig stoßen Kranke in Österreich und in anderen europäischen Ländern auf Zugangsbarrieren? • Welche Personen in Österreich sind besonders von Zugangsbarrieren betroffen? Die vorläufigen Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass es durchaus nennenswerte Zugangsbarrieren im Gesundheitssystem Österreichs gibt und dass ohnehin benachteiligte Personen häufiger als andere auf Zugangsbarrieren stoßen. Für die wissenschaftliche Theorie stellt sich die Frage, ob die gängigen Typologien von Gesundheitssystemen um die subjektiven Erfahrungen ergänzt werden müssen. Für die Praxis stellt sich die Frage, wie schädlich Zugangsbarrieren sind und wie sie abgebaut werden können. [less ▲]

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See detailDie allgemeine Lebenszufriedenheit von Schülern in Luxemburg
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Residori, Caroline UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailGesundheitsbeschwerden von Schülern in Luxemburg
Heinz, Andreas UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Residori, Caroline UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailÜbergewicht bei Schülern in Luxemburg
Residori, Caroline UL; Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailDas Ansehen der Ärzteschaft in Europa - Ein Ländervergleich
Heinz, Andreas UL; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL

in Das Gesundheitswesen (2017), 79

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the ... [more ▼]

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the treatment and to put their interests before their own interests. This paper examines how the population of Europe assesses doctors in this respect and whether there are countries where the assessments are similar. Methods: In the "International Social Survey Programme - ISSP" the population in 32 countries was asked to assess the doctors in their respective countries. For this paper, data of 27,772 respondents from 18 European countries were analysed. The respondents were asked to rate 5 statements about doctors on a 5-point scale, with 1 indicating a positive assessment and 5 indicating a negative assessment. For each country, the mean values for the statements were calculated and grouped using cluster analysis to identify countries with similar assessments. Results: "Doctors can be trusted" is the statement with the highest approval across all countries, with means ranging from 2.0 in Denmark to 2.7 in Russia. In most countries, the means of the following statements were close to each other: "Doctors discuss all treatment options with their patients", "The medical skills of doctors are as good as they should be", and "Doctors do not care more about their earnings than about their patients." In almost all countries, respondents were particularly skeptical about the statement "Doctors would tell their patients if they had made a mistake during treatment". Four clusters were identified, but there was no cluster that rated among the best for all five statements. With regard to trust, the discussion of treatment options and the pursuit of self-serving interests, doctors in Germany were not rated particularly well or particularly badly. In Germany, the population was more likely to think that doctors would not inform their patients about mistakes during the treatment. Conclusions: Trust in doctors seems to reflect the general level of trust in a country. The question arises why trust in doctors is high across countries if the respondents are much more skeptical regarding the other statements. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Presentation (2017, June 19)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼]

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalisation résidentielle de la population étrangère selon la nationalité et la structure urbaine au Luxembourg
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the ... [more ▼]

The number of foreigners living in Luxembourg is still rising and represents today about 48% of the inhabitants. This study focuses on the description and mapping of the place of residence for the different nationalities living in Luxembourg. It seeks to underline differences through indicators built from the 2011 census data. We focus on the territorial distribution of the different nationalities by taking into account the urban structure and distance to jobs. If differences according to nationalities in the residential behavior of households can be empirically identified they may raise issues of spatial equity and (un)equal accessibility to job market. We analyse whether the geographic location of different nationalities in Luxembourg is linked to urbanisation level, the distance to the “poles d´emploi” or general accessibility to jobs. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes relative and subjective family affluence influence overweight, body image and weight reduction behaviour of adolescents in Luxembourg?
Residori, Caroline UL; Willems, Helmut UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2017, June 19)

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very ... [more ▼]

Plateauing and rising levels of obesity and overweight in children and youth are growing concerns and the relations between socio-economic status (SES) and dietary behaviour and weight outcomes are very varied across countries. Empirical findings about the influences of socio-economic status (SES) on these health behaviours and outcomes differ depending on the measurement of SES used. Considering alternative conceptualisations of SES (measuring absolute, relative or subjective dimensions) is therefore advocated when analysing health inequalities in countries with high levels of overall affluence. As a country with high overall affluence and growing inequalities, Luxembourg allows for a further exploration of socio-economic inequalities in dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in affluent contexts. The analysis aims to identify the relation between socio-economic inequalities and the dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people in Luxembourg. Data relating to family affluence, perceived wealth, dietary behaviour and BMI was gathered from 11 to 18 year-old pupils (n= 7233) using the HBSC questionnaire in the context of the 2014 HBSC wave in Luxembourg and is analysed using multiple logistic regression. The results indicate that there are different patterns of association of absolute, relative and subjective affluence with dietary behaviour and weight outcomes of young people aged between 11 and 18 in Luxembourg. While weight outcomes are socially stratified by all aspects of family affluence, after adjustment for overweight body image is associated to subjective family affluence and weight reduction behaviour is associated to absolute and relative family affluence. The results thus confirm a differentiated association of different aspects of SES to dietary behaviour and weight outcomes and confirm, that health inequalities between health outcomes or behaviours are linked to different processes. [less ▲]

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See detailA demolinguistic and sociolinguistic approach to English in Luxembourg
Fehlen, Fernand UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

Presentation (2017, June 09)

Luxembourg’s steadily growing economy attracts many migrants from all over the globe. As a result, the country’s trilingualism is being replaced by a more complex multilingualism with a growing importance ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg’s steadily growing economy attracts many migrants from all over the globe. As a result, the country’s trilingualism is being replaced by a more complex multilingualism with a growing importance of English. The paper gives a quick overview of the historic evolution based on sociolinguistic surveys of 1984, 1997 and 2008, followed by an in-depth description of today’s situation based on two language related questions of the Luxembourgish census 2011: Which language do you know the best? Which languages do you speak on a regular basis at home, at school and at work? The census data tell how many people use English in different contexts and who these people are. The focus will be on the language situation at work. A correspondence analysis reveals strong correlations between languages and occupations reflecting a split of the labour market: English dominates in high skilled jobs in the private sector, whereas Portuguese is the main language in low skilled jobs in the private sector, and Luxembourgish is the main language in the public sector. French and German are used more evenly across all occupations and sectors. These results highlight the link between the use of languages and competing social positions. [less ▲]

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