References of "Evrard, Estelle 50001761"
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See detailL’aménagement du territoire transfrontalier en pratique: Réflexions pour un dialogue entre chercheurs et praticiens de la Grande Région
Bechtold, Joshua; Caesar, Beate; Christmann, Nathalie UL et al

Diverse speeches and writings (2018)

Avec une coopération initiée dans les années 1970, la Grande Région est considérée comme l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus emblématiques au sein de l’Union européenne. L’aménagement du territoire ... [more ▼]

Avec une coopération initiée dans les années 1970, la Grande Région est considérée comme l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus emblématiques au sein de l’Union européenne. L’aménagement du territoire constitue un élément essentiel de ses thématiques de coopération. Cependant, l'importance grandissante de ce champ d'action demeure relativement peu documentée d'un point de vue transfrontalier. Cette thématique reste principalement abordée sous l’angle réglementaire et institutionnel. Le présent policy paper postule qu’au-delà des règlementations, des plans et des schémas, l’aménagement du territoire transfrontalier résulte également d’une pratique visant à anticiper l’organisation d’une société dans un espace donné. Après une présentation sommaire des grandes étapes de la coopération dans le domaine de l’aménagement du territoire transfrontalier au sein de la Grande Région, le présent policy paper présente les résultats d’un exercice de recherche expérimentale réalisé en 2017, essentiellement sous la forme d’un jeu de simulation (« Planspiel »). Les principales conclusions analytiques de cet échange sont ensuite mises en lumière. Pour conclure, le document dresse une liste de recommandations basées sur l’analyse des résultats des travaux de recherche. [less ▲]

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See detailTaking stock of the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): from policy formulation to policy implementation
Evrard, Estelle UL; Engl, Alice

in Medeiros, Eduardo (Ed.) European Territorial Cooperation : Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to the Process and Impacts of Cross-Border and Transnational Cooperation in Europe (2018)

The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) has become a central tool for (sub-) state authorities to organise territorial cooperation in the EU. To take stock of this rapid change, the ... [more ▼]

The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) has become a central tool for (sub-) state authorities to organise territorial cooperation in the EU. To take stock of this rapid change, the present chapter suggests an analytical framework in two steps. Firstly, the EGTC instrument is symptomatic of a turn in how the European territorial cohesion policy relates to (sub-) state territorial cooperation (policy formulation). Before the publication of the EGTC regulation in 2006, the EU support for territorial cooperation was mainly financial (e.g. INTERREG) and regulatory (e.g. consolidation of the single market). No specific legal framework was provided. The contribution investigates this progressive turn in the cohesion policy. Secondly, the EGTC represents a tool for implementing territorial cooperation (policy implementation). The number of EGTCs created over about a decade demonstrates that this instrument fills a gap in the legislative framework of territorial cooperation. Our comparative assessment of the use of the tool reveals a dominant implementation pattern. Most of the existing EGTCs are territorially bound organisations, set-up on adjacent borders by local and regional authorities, a minority being interregional or transregional. Although they mostly have collective action resources and instruments and have identifiable objectives shared by their respective members, they follow a rather traditional pattern of cooperation where each individual member’s core activities primarily relate to a (sub-) state authority and where the EGTC acts primarily as an agent relying on its members. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Temporary Reintroduction of Border Controls Inside the Schengen Area: Towards a Spatial Perspective
Evrard, Estelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

in Journal of Borderlands Studies (2018)

Following the terrorist attacks in Paris (November 2015) and Brussels (March 2016), several EU Member States have decided to re-establish border controls or to build walls inside the Schengen Area ... [more ▼]

Following the terrorist attacks in Paris (November 2015) and Brussels (March 2016), several EU Member States have decided to re-establish border controls or to build walls inside the Schengen Area. Although these decisions are temporary and legally framed by the Schengen code, their extent disrupts the free movement within the Schengen Area, in particular in border areas. While lawyers and economists have analyzed the impacts of this situation, the spatial perspective has remained rather neglected. This exploratory contribution aims to address this gap in the literature by outlining the spatial significance of reintroduced controls for border areas inside the Schengen Area. This contribution firstly undertakes a literature review of the different conceptual tools at hand. These are then compared with a set of exploratory empirical materials. The article focuses more precisely on the Greater Region where France and Germany have reintroduced border controls, thus disrupting in particular daily cross-border flows with Luxembourg and Belgium. The analysis demonstrates that the border acts as a filter, disrupting cross-border flows and cooperation. Also, it sheds some light on the important role played by the ideational perception of the border for practitioners and decision-makers. This contribution concludes by suggesting several paths for a future research agenda. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux : Vers une suprarégionalisation transfrontalière ?
Evrard, Estelle UL

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Rennes (2017)

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux : Towards cross-border supraregionalisation ? Border areas are often portrayed as 'laboratories of European integration'. Beyond the discourses and symbols, what does the ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux : Towards cross-border supraregionalisation ? Border areas are often portrayed as 'laboratories of European integration'. Beyond the discourses and symbols, what does the concept of cross-border region actually entail? By characterising the region as the construction of an identity, a territoriality and a governance system perpetuated over time, this publication identifies and questions the specificities of these processes in the cross-border context. It distinguishes between inter- and supraregional cooperation thus questioning a border area's capacity to develop an ad hoc cross-border cooperation whose raison d'être consists in strengthening the commitments pertaining to the border area's interests. This study is underpinned by a discourse analysis and a conceptualisation of cross-border territoriality and supraregional institution. In this respect, the significance of the EGTC (European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation), a European instrument providing a legal framework for cooperation, is analysed. This issue is explored in depth using the emblematic case of the Greater Region, a border area that launched in 2008 a long-term strategy to develop a 'cross-border polycentric metropolitan region'. Composed of Lorraine (France), Luxembourg, Wallonia (Belgium), Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland (Germany), the Greater Region constitutes one of the oldest border areas (1971) and presents the highest concentration of cross-border workers in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailBrexit: Mind the gap! Die Bedeutung regionaler Disparitäten auf politische Weichenstellungen
Bissinger, Jutta UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

Article for general public (2017)

Die Ergebnisse des Referendums am 23. Juni 2016 im Vereinigten Königreich (VK) sind ein Beweis dafür, dass regionale Disparitäten und der territoriale Zusammenhalt innerhalb eines Landes politisch ... [more ▼]

Die Ergebnisse des Referendums am 23. Juni 2016 im Vereinigten Königreich (VK) sind ein Beweis dafür, dass regionale Disparitäten und der territoriale Zusammenhalt innerhalb eines Landes politisch relevante Faktoren darstellen [less ▲]

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See detailEncapsulating the Significance of the EGTC for Territorial Cooperation: A literature review and tentative research agenda
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Medeiros, Eduardo (Ed.) Uncovering the Territorial Dimension of European Union Cohesion Policy - Cohesion, Development, Impact Assessment and Cooperation (2017)

Within less than a decade, the European Grouping for territorial cooperation (EGTC) has become a landmark in the EU regional policy. By the end of 2015, sixty EGTCs were established while 16 were in the ... [more ▼]

Within less than a decade, the European Grouping for territorial cooperation (EGTC) has become a landmark in the EU regional policy. By the end of 2015, sixty EGTCs were established while 16 were in the pipelines. Although non-obligatory, it is conceived as a crucial tool in the implementation of the EU regional policy, in particular to manage European territorial cooperation programmes. The EGTC is a genuinely multifaceted instrument raising crucial research questions for European and border studies. It is first and foremost a legal instrument resulting from the EU legal order developing new standards for cross-border cooperation. In making it possible to involve local, regional and national authorities to manage territorial cooperation initiatives, it scrambles policy networks and gives a new operationalisation to the concept of multi-level governance. Crossing perspectives, disciplines, methods of analyses and research questions is crucial to grasp the multifaceted dimensions of this tool and its significance for European territorial cooperation. This article undertakes a literature review of the existing body of literature with the intention to outline the main characteristics of the existing EGTCs. This helps outlining possible avenues for a future research agenda. [less ▲]

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See detailL'approche territorialisée dans la politique de cohésion 2014-2020: enjeux et perspectives pour les chercheurs et praticiens
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Baudelle, Guy; Charles-Le Bihan, Danielle (Eds.) Les régions et la politique de cohésion de l’Union européenne (2017)

In promoting the use of the place-based approach to set-up territorial development strategies, the European Commission and the OECD operated a U-turn. The place-based approach aims "at tackling persistent ... [more ▼]

In promoting the use of the place-based approach to set-up territorial development strategies, the European Commission and the OECD operated a U-turn. The place-based approach aims "at tackling persistent underutilisation of potential and reducing persistent social exclusion in specific places through external interventions and multilevel governance. It promotes the supply of integrated goods and services tailored to contexts, and it triggers institutional changes" (Barca, 2009: VII). In short, it emphasizes the role of localities in identifying their respective endogenous potential, gathering public, private and civil society actors to launch their respective development strategy. While the capacity of the cohesion policy to reduce spatial inequalities is contested since years (Sapir report, 2004), the place-based approach - brought to the fore in 2009 with the Barca report - contributed to deeply change the 2014-2020 programming period. Before defining the characteristics of the place-based approach, this contribution presents the context that led to the emergence of this approach. It then outlines how this approach was adapted to the specificities of the EU cohesion policy and more broadly, to the specificities of the European context, deeply affected by the economic and financial crisis of 2008. The contribution concludes by discussing the consequences of this approach for policy and research. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Freeport Luxembourg. Logistique, pure valeur et volatilisation de l’œuvre d’art
Puglia, Ezio UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

in Esprit (Paris, France : 1932) (2016)

In the last decade, especially after the 2008 financial crisis, artwork has become a successful financial asset. Improved logistical techniques and specific legal provisions (as the evergrowing spread of ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, especially after the 2008 financial crisis, artwork has become a successful financial asset. Improved logistical techniques and specific legal provisions (as the evergrowing spread of Free Economic Zones) have fostered this evolution. Created in 2014, Le Freeport Luxembourg is the first free zone in Luxembourg. It follows the exemple of the Geneva and Singapore freeports. Its creation coincides with the attempt to diversify the country’s national economy, and to develop a niche where finance, art, and logistics meet. The empirical analysis comprehends a document analysis, fieldwork (incl. photographs) and three semi-structured interviews with experts working at the Freeport Luxembourg. The contribution investigates how Le Freeport territorializes immaterial flows, thus imposing practices and contributing to establishing Luxembourg as a prominent node of the international art market. The paper demonstrates how this territorialization results into the enclaving of the building and into the dematerialization of artwork and valuables. While other similar freeports are in project around the world (Dubai, Shangai), this case study investigates an emerging trend which exemplifies, and takes to extremes, the functioning of the current logistical organization. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): Towards a Supraregional Scale of Governance in the Greater Region SaarLorLux?
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Geopolitics (2016)

All over Europe, EGTCs (European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation) are mushrooming. Between 2006, when the EU regulation entered into force, and 2014, 51 EGTCs have been established. Conceived as a ... [more ▼]

All over Europe, EGTCs (European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation) are mushrooming. Between 2006, when the EU regulation entered into force, and 2014, 51 EGTCs have been established. Conceived as a legal tool to facilitate cross-border, interregional or transnational cooperation, the EGTC was established after years of lobbying from cross-border organisations. Apart from practical guidelines mostly dedicated to the legal possibilities and limitations of this tool, few academic studies examine the significance of this tool for cross-border governance as such. This paper develops such a perspective, using the case study of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, (Lorraine, Luxembourg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland and Wallonia), where two existing EGTCs are operating. The EGTC INTERREG IV A Greater Region is the only EGTC managing an EU programme; the EGTC Secretariat of the Summit supports the main political organisation in this area. This contribution argues that the EGTC tool can facilitate the emergence of a supraregional scale of governance. This paper examines how this instrument allows the institutionalisation of a cross border entity in terms of its capacity to embody and perpetuate the cross-border region, and to implement its strategy. It then applies this conceptualisation to the specific context of the Greater Region. The empirical analysis shows that although the two EGTCs institutionalise the cooperation, they are rather conceived as administrative and operational tools. The paper concludes with possible explanations of such a mismatch between the potential of this tool and the effective use of it. [less ▲]

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See detailESPON - From spatial observation to policy oriented output?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Europa Regional (2015), 21(4), 158-164

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See detailVers une région métropolitaine polycentrique? Enjeux d'un aménagement du territoire transfrontalier
Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Wille, Christian (Ed.) Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen in Grenzregionen. Das Beispiel der Großregion Saar-Lor-Lux. Wirtschaft - Politik - Alltag - Kultur (2015)

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See detailRaising Sustainability
Carr, Constance UL; Becker, Tom UL; Evrard, Estelle UL et al

in Planning Theory & Practice (2015)

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See detailESPON on the road - Bringing closer ESPON evidence for decision making
Breuer, Ina; Radvanski, Adam; Schön, Karl Peter et al

Report (2015)

The ESPONontheRoad project was a Transnational Networking Activity (TNA) of nineteen ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) with the aim to bring ESPON results closer for decision-making and thus increase the ... [more ▼]

The ESPONontheRoad project was a Transnational Networking Activity (TNA) of nineteen ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) with the aim to bring ESPON results closer for decision-making and thus increase the capitalisation of the ESPON Programme. During a year, participating ECPs brought ESPON closer to the local and regional level, and to citizens in physical and virtual forms. The project built a bridge between the issues on a local level and scientific evidence on EU territorial development policy themes. After taking stock of the most recent policy issues in each national context, ECPs formed transnational working groups to have a common understanding of the messages coming from ESPON results. These working groups designed the most appropriate and efficient form of communication for their target groups. In this way ESPON results were put into the macroregional context of West, South, North and Central-Eastern areas, and both the content-related and the organisational tasks were organised in a balanced way. The activity report summaries the goals of the project, presents how they were implemented and what are the lessons learnt. It concludes with recommendations for the future. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilités de travail et de résidence : vers une territorialité transfrontalière?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2014, November 06)

En Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux, les interdépendances transfrontalières, notamment les mobilités résidentielles et de travail sont grandissantes. Elles ont pris un jour nouveau depuis les années 2000 à 2005 ... [more ▼]

En Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux, les interdépendances transfrontalières, notamment les mobilités résidentielles et de travail sont grandissantes. Elles ont pris un jour nouveau depuis les années 2000 à 2005 où de plus en plus de résidents luxembourgeois déménagent de l’autre côté des frontières (surtout en Allemagne), devenant ainsi des travailleurs frontaliers. Depuis les années 70, la coopération institutionnelle en Grande Région s’est structurée et les domaines de coopération sont nombreux : culture, transports, aménagement du territoire constituent quelques exemples essentiels. Par ailleurs, après de longues réflexions, la gouvernance transfrontalière tend à s’institutionnaliser avec la mise sur pied d’un GECT depuis 2013. Si certaines réponses transfrontalières visent à faire face à ces interdépendances fonctionnelles en termes d’accessibilité notamment, le cadre institutionnel permettant le développement de ces mobilités émane essentiellement de l’échelle étatique ou européenne. Cette contribution prendra appui sur les dynamiques de mobilité de travail et de résidence ainsi que sur certains développements institutionnels récents pour questionner l’opérationnalité du concept de territorialité dans le contexte transfrontalier. La contribution montrera comment les flux de travail transfrontaliers au sein de la Grande Région croissent et se diversifient. Très hétérogènes, les profils des travailleurs concernés permettent un ajustement à la fois quantitatif et qualitatif entre la main-d'œuvre et les possibilités d'emploi dans un marché du travail transfrontalier aux "contours" constamment repoussés plus loin des frontières. Les frontières se vivent également par les mobilités résidentielles transfrontalières (changement de pays de résidence) qui s'y opèrent, entre recherche d’une certaine proximité géographique avec l'emploi et usage opportuniste des différentiels dans les prix immobiliers. L'ensemble de ces flux transfrontaliers (de travail et de résidence), par ses multiples impacts (économiques, sociaux, territoriaux) est source de dynamique et d’innovation. L'espace transfrontalier de la Grande Région est ainsi progressivement construit socialement. Dans le même temps, plusieurs réponses institutionnelles interviennent au niveau local, régional, national ou européen. Le concept de territorialité permet de confronter ces deux tendances. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Delphi method in ESPON: State of the art, innovations and thoughts for future developments
Evrard, Estelle UL; Chilla, Tobias; Schulz, Christian UL

in Science in support of European Territorial Development (2014)

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See detailSpatial integration revisited - new insights for cross-border and transnational contexts
Chilla, Tobias; Evrard, Estelle UL

in ESPON in support of European Territorial Development and Cohesion (2014, February)

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See detailAsymétries institutionnelles et territoriales: Quelles conséquences pour la gouvernance transfrontalière?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Chilla, Tobias UL

in Beck, Joachim; Wassenberg, Birte (Eds.) Vivre et penser la coopération transfrontalière (volume 6): Vers une cohésion territoriale? (2014)

The purpose of this paper is to analyse one of the inherent characteristics of cross-border cooperation: multi-level asymmetries. One of the main difficulties in developing cooperation is to find one's ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to analyse one of the inherent characteristics of cross-border cooperation: multi-level asymmetries. One of the main difficulties in developing cooperation is to find one's counterpart on both sides of the border. Being from different states, and thus different administrative and legal systems and cultures, the institutions involved in the cooperation work at different scales and are de facto mismatched. Two types of asymmetry are analysed: institutional and territorial. The harmonisation of regulations at European level, the conclusion of interstate agreements or sectoral regulations at regional level all put these findings into perspective. In addition, informal cooperation is essential for the stakeholders. Finally, the European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) could be a useful tool to reduce or minimise the impact of this asymmetries depending on the powers conferred to it. The use of these various tools may point towards the gradual institutionnalisation of a multi-level cross-border governance in some transfrontier areas. [less ▲]

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