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A DISCRETE-CONTINUOUS APPROACH TO MODEL POWDER METALLURGY PROCESSES Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio Doctoral thesis (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 57 (7 UL)XDEM for Tuning Lumped Models of Thermochemical Processes Involving Materials in the Powder State Copertaro, Edoardo ; ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al in Engineering Journal (2016), 20(5), 187-201 Processes involving materials in gaseous and powder states cannot be modelled without coupling interactions between the two states. XDEM (Extended Discrete Element Method) is a valid tool for tackling ... [more ▼] Processes involving materials in gaseous and powder states cannot be modelled without coupling interactions between the two states. XDEM (Extended Discrete Element Method) is a valid tool for tackling this issue, since it allows a coupled CFD- DEM simulation to be run. Such strength, however, mainly finds in long computational times its main drawback. This aspect is indeed critical in several applications, since a long computational time is in contrast with the increasing demand for predictive tools that can provide fast and accurate results in order to be used in new monitoring and control strategies. This paper focuses on the use of the XDEM framework as a tool for fine tuning a lumped representation of the non-isothermal decarbonation of a CaCO3 sample in powder state. The tuning of the lumped model is performed exploiting the multi-objective optimization capability of genetic algorithms. Results demonstrate that such approach makes it possible to estimate fast and accurate models to be used, for instance, in the fields of virtual sensing and predictive control. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 UL)A discrete-continuous approach to describe CaCO3 decarbonation in non-steady thermal conditions Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio ; Peters, Bernhard ; et al in Powder Technology (2015), 275 In cement production, direct measurements of thermal and chemical variables are often unfeasible as a consequence of aggressive environments, moving parts and physical inaccessibility, and therefore ... [more ▼] In cement production, direct measurements of thermal and chemical variables are often unfeasible as a consequence of aggressive environments, moving parts and physical inaccessibility, and therefore prediction models are essential tools in these types of industrial applications. This article addresses the problem of the numerical prediction of the CaCO3 calcination process, which is the first and the most energy expensive process in clinker production. This study was conducted using the Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM), a framework which allows a Eulerian approach for the gas phase to be combined with a Lagrange one for the powder phase. A detailed validation of the numerical model was performed by comparison to non-isothermal TG curves for mass loss during the CaCO3 decarbonation process. The complex three-dimensional predictions for solid and gas phases are believed to represent a first step towards a new insight into the cement production process. Thus, the high accuracy and detailed description of the problem addressed, serve as a basis to assess the uncertainty of more simplified models such as those used in soft sensors. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 105 (16 UL)XDEM Used for Predicting Tungsten-Oxide Reduction Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio ; Peters, Bernhard Scientific Conference (2015, April 27) Detailed reference viewed: 100 (10 UL)A discrete/continuous numerical approach to multi-physics Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al in IFAC-PapersOnLine (2015), 28(1), 645-650 A variety of technical applications are not only the physics of a single domain, but include several physical phenomena, and therefore are referred to as multi-physics. As long as the phenomena being ... [more ▼] A variety of technical applications are not only the physics of a single domain, but include several physical phenomena, and therefore are referred to as multi-physics. As long as the phenomena being taken into account is either continuous or discrete i.e. Euler or Lagrangian a homogeneous solution concept can be employed. However, numerous challenges in engineering include continuous and discrete phase simultaneously, and therefore cannot be solved only by continuous or discrete approaches. Problems include both a continuous and a discrete phase are important in applications of the pharmaceutical Industry e.g. drug production, agriculture and food processing industry, mining, construction and Agricultural machinery, metal production, power generation and systems biology. The Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is a novel technique, which provides a significant advance for the coupled discrete and continuous numerical simulation concepts. It expands the dynamics of particles as described by the classical discrete element method (DEM) by a thermodynamic state or stress/strain coupled as fluid flow or structures for each particle in a continuum phase. XDEM additionally estimates properties such as the interior temperature and/or species distribution. These predictive capabilities are extended to fluid flow through an interaction by heat, mass and momentum transfer important for process engineering. © 2015, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 UL)Introduction to the eXtended Discrete Element Method Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio Learning material (2014) Detailed reference viewed: 79 (3 UL)eXtended Discrete Element Method used for predicting tungsten-oxide reduction in a dry-hydrogen atmosphere Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio ; Peters, Bernhard in LLanes, Luis (Ed.) eXtended Discrete Element Method used for predicting tungsten-oxide reduction in a dry-hydrogen atmosphere (2014, March 10) Detailed reference viewed: 178 (23 UL)XDEM employed to predict reduction of tungsten oxide in a dry hydrogen atmosphere Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio ; Peters, Bernhard in International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials (2014) Abstract The Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is a novel concept to model tungsten oxides reduction. The concept extends the classical discrete element method (DEM) with additional properties such ... [more ▼] Abstract The Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is a novel concept to model tungsten oxides reduction. The concept extends the classical discrete element method (DEM) with additional properties such as the thermodynamic state. Moreover, the concept treats a solid phase represented by particles, and a fluid phase as two distinguished phases that are coupled through heat, mass and momentum transfer. hydrogen atmosphere is modelled by a direct oxygen removal from the solid oxides mechanism for which temperature and reaction progress is described by the Discrete Particle Method (DPM). An outstanding feature of the herein proposed numerical concept is that powder particles are treated as individual entities which are described by its thermodynamic state, e.g. temperature and species distribution within the particle. Therefore, it allows a detailed and accurate characterisation of isothermal literature experimentation with a high degree of accuracy. Therefore, the current approach provides a new and deep insight into the process, because particle temperatures, concentration of species and interaction of particles with the environment are inaccessible in a furnace during experiments. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 87 (8 UL)Beschreibung des Transportes von Schwimmkörpern bei Flutwasser über eine Euler-Lagrange Kopplung Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al in Dresdner Wasserbauliche Mitteilungen (2014) Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 UL)The extended discrete element method (XDEM) applied to drying of a packed bed Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al in Industrial Combustion (2014), 14 A vast number of engineering applications involve physics not solely of a single domain but of several physical phenomena, and therefore are referred to as multi-physical. As long as the phenomena ... [more ▼] A vast number of engineering applications involve physics not solely of a single domain but of several physical phenomena, and therefore are referred to as multi-physical. As long as the phenomena considered are to be treated by either a continuous (i.e. Eulerian) or discrete (i.e. Lagrangian) approach, numerical solution methods may be employed to solve the problem. However, numerous challenges in engineering exist and evolve; those include modelling a continuous and discrete phase simultaneously, which cannot be solved accurately by continuous or discrete approaches only. Problems that involve both a continuous and a discrete phase are important in applications as diverse as the pharmaceutical industry, the food processing industry, mining, construction, agricultural machinery, metals manufacturing, energy production and systems biology. A novel technique referred to as Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) has been developed that offers a significant advancement for coupled discrete and continuous numerical simulation concepts. XDEM extends the dynamics of granular materials or particles as described through the classical discrete element method (DEM) to include additional properties such as the thermodynamic state or stress/strain for each particle coupled to a continuous phase such as a fluid flow or a solid structure. Contrary to a continuum mechanics concept, XDEM aims at resolving the particulate phase through the various processes attached to particles. While DEM predicts the spatial-temporal position and orientation for each particle, XDEM additionally estimates properties such as the internal temperature and/or species distribution during drying, pyrolysis or combustion of solid fuel material such as biomass in a packed bed. These predictive capabilities are further extended by an interaction with fluid flow by heat, mass and momentum transfer and the impact of particles on structures. © International Flame Research Foundation, 2014. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 UL)eXtended Discrete Element Method used for convective heat transfer predictions Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio ; Hoffmann, Florian ; Peters, Bernhard in International Review of Mechanical Engineering (2013), 7(2), 329-336 Packed bed reactors dominate a broad range of engineering applications. In a packed bed reactor, heat is transferred from the solid particles to the gas flow stream through the void space between ... [more ▼] Packed bed reactors dominate a broad range of engineering applications. In a packed bed reactor, heat is transferred from the solid particles to the gas flow stream through the void space between particles. Using a XDEM approach, continuous and discrete phases have been coupled in order to predict convective heat transfer between solid and fluid within packed beds. For the solid matrix a discrete intra-particle model, namely DPM, was used to solve for each particle of the bed, and a CFD tool was employed to resolve the fluid flow. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 200 (35 UL)Die Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) für multiphysikalische Anwendungen Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al Scientific Conference (2013) A vast number of engineering applications include a continuous and discrete phase simultaneously, and therefore, cannot be solved accurately by continuous or discrete approaches only. Problems that ... [more ▼] A vast number of engineering applications include a continuous and discrete phase simultaneously, and therefore, cannot be solved accurately by continuous or discrete approaches only. Problems that involve both a continuous and a discrete phase are important in applications as diverse as pharmaceutical industry e.g. drug production, agriculture food and processing industry, mining, construction and agricultural machinery, metals manufacturing, energy production and systems biology. <br />A novel technique referred to as Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is developed, that offers a significant advancement for coupled discrete and continuous numerical simulation concepts. XDEM treats the solid phase representing the particles and the fluidised phase usually a fluid phase or a structure as two distinguished phases that are coupled through heat, mass and momentum transfer. An outstanding feature of the numerical concept is that each particle is treated as an individual entity that is described by its thermodynamic state e.g. temperature and reaction progress and its position and orientation in time and space. The thermodynamic state includes one-dimensional and transient distributions of temperature and species within the particle and therefore, allows a detailed and accurate characterisation of the reaction progress in a fluidised bed. Thus, the proposed methodology provides a high degree of resolution ranging from scales within a particle to the continuum phase as global dimensions. <br />These superior features as compared to traditional and pure continuum mechanics approaches are applied to predict drying of wood particles in a packed bed and impact of particles on a membrane. Pre- heated air streamed through the packed bed, and thus, heated the particles with simultaneous evaporation of moisture. Water vapour is transferred into the gas phase at the surface of the particles and transported to the exit of the reactor. A rather inhomogeneous drying process in the upper part of the reactor with higher temperatures around the circumference of the inner reactor wall was observed. The latter is due to increased porosity in conjunction with higher mass flow rates than in the centre of the reactor, and thus, augmented heat transfer. A comparison of the weight loss over time agreed well with measurements. <br />Under the impact of falling particles the surface of a membrane deforms that conversely affects the motion of particles on the surface. Due to an increasing vertical deformation particles roll or slide down toward the bottom of the recess, where they are collected in a heap. Furthermore, during initial impacts deformation waves are predicted that propagate through the structure, and may, already indicate resonant effects already before a prototype is built. Hence, the Extended Discrete Element Method offers a high degree of resolution avoiding further empirical correlations and extends the knowledge into the underlying physics. Although most of the work load concerning CFD and FEM is arranged in the ANSYS workbench, a complete integration is intended that allows for a smooth workflow of the entire simulation environment. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 254 (26 UL)Application of the Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) in Computer-Aided Process Engineering Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al Scientific Conference (2013) Detailed reference viewed: 158 (14 UL)Enhanced Thermal Process Engineering by the Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) Peters, Bernhard ; Besseron, Xavier ; Estupinan Donoso, Alvaro Antonio et al in Universal Journal of Engineering Science (2013), 1 A vast number of engineering applications <br />include a continuous and discrete phase simultaneously, <br />and therefore, cannot be solved accurately by continu- <br />ous or discrete approaches only ... [more ▼] A vast number of engineering applications <br />include a continuous and discrete phase simultaneously, <br />and therefore, cannot be solved accurately by continu- <br />ous or discrete approaches only. Problems that involve <br />both a continuous and a discrete phase are important <br />in applications as diverse as pharmaceutical industry <br />e.g. drug production, agriculture food and process- <br />ing industry, mining, construction and agricultural <br />machinery, metals manufacturing, energy production <br />and systems biology. A novel technique referred to as <br />Extended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) is devel- <br />oped, that o ers a signi cant advancement for coupled <br />discrete and continuous numerical simulation concepts. <br />The Extended Discrete Element Method extends the <br />dynamics of granular materials or particles as described <br />through the classical discrete element method (DEM) to <br />additional properties such as the thermodynamic state <br />or stress/strain for each particle coupled to a continuum <br />phase such as <br />uid <br />ow or solid structures. Contrary <br />to a continuum mechanics concept, XDEM aims at <br />resolving the particulate phase through the various <br />processes attached to particles. While DEM predicts <br />the spacial-temporal position and orientation for each <br />particle, XDEM additionally estimates properties such <br />as the internal temperature and/or species distribution. <br />These predictive capabilities are further extended by an <br />interaction to <br />uid <br />ow by heat, mass and momentum <br />transfer and impact of particles on structures. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 142 (25 UL) |
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