References of "D'Ambrosio, Conchita 50001453"
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See detailPro-Poorness Orderings
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya; Chattopadhyay, Nachiketa

in Review of Income and Wealth (in press)

An indicator of pro-poorness of a growth profile associated with a distribution of income is a measure of the extent to which growth is biased towards the poor. This paper proposes a general approach to ... [more ▼]

An indicator of pro-poorness of a growth profile associated with a distribution of income is a measure of the extent to which growth is biased towards the poor. This paper proposes a general approach to pro-poorness, called the progressive sequential averaging principle (PSA), relaxing the requirement of rank preservation due to growth. An endogenous benchmark for evaluating the growth of poor comes out naturally from this principle. A dominance relation on the basis of the above approach for a class of growth profiles is introduced through a simple device, called the PSA curve and its properties are examined in relation to the standard dominances in terms of the generalized Lorenz curve and the inverse generalized Lorenz curve. The paper concludes with an application to evaluate growth profiles experienced by the United States between 2001-2007 and 2007-2013. [less ▲]

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See detailA Head-count Measure of Rank Mobility and Its Directional Decomposition
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Can, Burak

in Economica (in press)

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See detailIntertemporal material deprivation: a proposal and an application to EU countries
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter

in Dasgupta, Indraneel; Mitra, Manipushpak (Eds.) Deprivation, Inequality and Polarization: Essays in Honour of Satya Ranjan Chakravarty (in press)

This paper analyzes the effects of the inclusion of past experiences in measuring current material deprivation. The method followed generalizes the proposal of Bossert, Ceriani, Chakravarty and D'Ambrosio ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the effects of the inclusion of past experiences in measuring current material deprivation. The method followed generalizes the proposal of Bossert, Ceriani, Chakravarty and D'Ambrosio (2014) by adapting the class of indices on the measurement of poverty over time of Dutta, Roope and Zank (2013). An application to the analysis of material deprivation within EU countries is then provided. Following the path of material deprivation experienced by each individual over time yields a picture which differs from that in the annual results. Since the measurement of material deprivation is used by the EU member states and the European Commission to monitor national and EU progress in the fight against poverty and social exclusion, the results suggest that time cannot be neglected. Countries should not only be compared based on their year-by-year results, but additional information is gained by following individuals over time and producing an aggregate measure once dynamic considerations are taken into consideration. [less ▲]

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See detailUnfairness at Work: Well-Being and Quits
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew; Barazzetta, Marta

in Labour Economics (2018), 51

We here consider the effect of the level of income that individuals consider to be fair for the job they do, which we take as measure of comparison income, on both subjective well-being and objective ... [more ▼]

We here consider the effect of the level of income that individuals consider to be fair for the job they do, which we take as measure of comparison income, on both subjective well-being and objective future job quitting. In six waves of German Socio-Economic Panel data, the extent to which own labour income is perceived to be unfair is significantly negatively correlated with subjective well-being, both in terms of cognitive evaluations (life and job satisfaction) and affect (the frequency of feeling happy, sad and angry). Perceived unfairness also translates into objective labour-market behaviour, with current unfair income predicting future job quits. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunity- and mHealth-based integrated management of diabetes in primary healthcare in Rwanda (D²Rwanda): The study protocol
Uwizihiwe, Jean Paul; Lygidakis, Charilaos UL; Vögele, Claus UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, June 29)

Introduction: The diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence in Rwanda is estimated at 3.5%. In 2013, there were only one medical doctor and one nurse per 15,000 and 1,200 people respectively in Rwanda. A new ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence in Rwanda is estimated at 3.5%. In 2013, there were only one medical doctor and one nurse per 15,000 and 1,200 people respectively in Rwanda. A new programme employing frontline workers (Home-Based Community Practitioners (HBCPs)) is currently piloted, aiming at following-up patients with non-communicable diseases in their communities. We hypothesise that the management of DM at community level will improve following the introduction of a HBCP programme with regular monthly assessments and disease management, coupled with integration of a mobile health (mHealth) application with patient diaries, notifications and educational material. Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the efficacy of such an integrated programme in Rwanda. Methods: The study is designed as a one-year, open-label cluster trial of two interventions (arm1: HBCP programme, arm2: HBCP programme + mHealth application) and usual care (control). The primary outcomes will be changes in glycated haemoglobin levels and health-related quality of life. Mortality, complications, health literacy, mental well-being and treatment adherence will be assessed as secondary outcomes. Measurements will be conducted at baseline, 6 and 12 months. An intention-to-treat approach will be used to evaluate outcomes. Before trial onset, ethical approval will be sought in Rwanda, Luxembourg and Denmark, and a cross-cultural adaptation of questionnaires and a pilot will be carried out. Relevance: The project will provide evidence on the efficacy of innovative approaches for integrated management of DM and may spur the development of similar solutions for other chronic diseases in low-resource settings. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Overview of Intertemporal Measures of Individual Well-Being: Can They Explain Life Satisfaction Better?
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL

in Tachibanaki, Toshiaki (Ed.) Advances in Happiness Research: A Comparative Perspective (2016)

Traditional economic modeling has neglected the basic fact that individual well-being depends on one’s own life course and on comparisons with others. These assumptions have been challenged by an ... [more ▼]

Traditional economic modeling has neglected the basic fact that individual well-being depends on one’s own life course and on comparisons with others. These assumptions have been challenged by an increasing number of contributions in the income-distribution literature on the measurement of individual well-being. These have proposed various indices which allow different aspects of past experiences to be brought into the analysis of the phenomenon under consideration. This chapter is a review of these measures with the aim of offering some guidance to the recent developments of the parallel literature on happiness. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation to Poverty in Long-Run Panel Data
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew; Ghislandi, Simone

in Review of Economics and Statistics (2016), 98

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on potential adaptation to poverty. We use panel data on almost 54,000 individuals living in Germany from 1985 to ... [more ▼]

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on potential adaptation to poverty. We use panel data on almost 54,000 individuals living in Germany from 1985 to 2012 to show first that life satisfaction falls with both the incidence and intensity of contemporaneous poverty. We then reveal that there is little evidence of adaptation within a poverty spell: poverty starts bad and stays bad in terms of subjective well-being. We cannot identify any cause of poverty entry which explains the overall lack of poverty adaptation. [less ▲]

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See detailOn a Family of Achievement and Shortfall Inequality Indices
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya; Chattopadhyay, Nachiketa

in Health Economics (2016), 25

This paper identifies a family of absolute consistent inequality indices using a weakly decomposable postulate suggested by Ebert (2010). Since one member employs an Atkinson (1970) type aggregation we ... [more ▼]

This paper identifies a family of absolute consistent inequality indices using a weakly decomposable postulate suggested by Ebert (2010). Since one member employs an Atkinson (1970) type aggregation we refer to it as the Atkinson index of consistent inequality. A second member of this family parallels the Kolm (1976) index of inequality. Two innovative features of these indices are that no specific structure is imposed on the form of the index at the outset and no transformation of any existing index is considered to ensure consistency. Each of them regards an achievement distribution as equally unequal as the corresponding shortfall distribution. We apply these indices to study inequality in grip strength among 50+ year-old Europeans. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimating the Mental Health Effects of Social Isolation
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Rohde, Nicholas; Tang, Kam Ki et al

in Applied Research in Quality of Life (2016), 11

It is frequently hypothesized that feelings of social isolation are detrimental for an individual's mental health, however standard statistical models cannot estimate this effect due to reverse causality ... [more ▼]

It is frequently hypothesized that feelings of social isolation are detrimental for an individual's mental health, however standard statistical models cannot estimate this effect due to reverse causality between the independent and dependent variables. In this paper we present endogeneity-corrected estimates of the mental health consequences of isolation (based on self-assessed loneliness scores) using Australian panel data. The central identification strategy comes from a natural source of variation where some people within our sample are required by work or study commitments to move home. This relocation may break individuals' social ties, resulting in significantly higher reported feelings of loneliness and consequently may lower mental health scores. The method gives results that are significant, robust and pass a battery of diagnostic tests. Estimates indicate that feelings of isolation have large negative consequences for psychological well-being, and that the effects are larger for women and older people. The results suggest that at current levels, a 10% reduction applied to all individuals would reduce annual expenditure on mental illness in Australia by approximately $3B AUD, or around $150 AUD per person. [less ▲]

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See detailUnfairness perceptions at work
Barazzetta, Marta UL; D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew E.

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This works investigates the effect of unfair income on subjective well-being and job quits. Following the fair-wage hypothesis (Akerlof, 1982, Akerlof and Yellen, 1990), empirical evidence has shown that ... [more ▼]

This works investigates the effect of unfair income on subjective well-being and job quits. Following the fair-wage hypothesis (Akerlof, 1982, Akerlof and Yellen, 1990), empirical evidence has shown that individuals change their economic behaviour according to fairness considerations. Another side of the literature, based on the relative income hypothesis (Duesberry, 1949), has provided a large amount of evidence that people do not evaluate outcomes only in absolute terms but also relative to some reference levels. We contribute to these two strands of literature exploring the effect of perceiving own income as unfair on subjective well-being. Using five waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we find that those who perceive to earn an unfair income have significantly lower subjective well-being, both in terms of cognitive evaluations (life and job satisfaction) and emotional health. The results are robust to the inclusion of both absolute and relative measures of income. The negative effect of unfair pays is translated into a higher probability of quitting the job, confirming the importance of fairness considerations for labour relations. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring rank mobility with variable population size
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Can, Burak

in Social Choice and Welfare (2016), 46

We provide a characterization of a class of rank-mobility measures. These measures generalize the Kemeny measure that is well-known from the literature on measuring the distance between orderings. We use ... [more ▼]

We provide a characterization of a class of rank-mobility measures. These measures generalize the Kemeny measure that is well-known from the literature on measuring the distance between orderings. We use replication invariance to ensure that our measures are applicable in variable-population settings. The rank-based approach to mobility has a natural connection with the study of social status. Rank-based measures are widely applied in empirical research but their theoretical foundation is still in need of further investigation, and we consider our approach to be a contribution towards this objective. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowing up during a financial crisis: The effect of family financial distress on child development
Barazzetta, Marta UL; Clark, Andrew E.; D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL

in SOLIDAR (Ed.) Progressive Structural Reforms. Proposals for European reforms to reduce inequalities and promote jobs, growth and social investment (2015)

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See detailPoverty Profiles and Well-Being: Panel Evidence from Germany
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew; Ghislandi, Simone

in Research on Economic Inequality (2015), 23

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on the role of time. We use panel data on 49,000 individuals living in Germany from 1992 to 2012 to uncover three ... [more ▼]

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on the role of time. We use panel data on 49,000 individuals living in Germany from 1992 to 2012 to uncover three empirical relationships. First, life satisfaction falls with both the incidence and intensity of contemporaneous poverty. Second, poverty scars: those who have been poor in the past report lower life satisfaction today, even when out of poverty. Last, the order of poverty spells matters: for a given number of years in poverty, satisfaction is lower when the years are linked together. As such, poverty persistence reduces well-being. These effects differ by population subgroups. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring social polarization with ordinal and categorical data
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Permanyer, Inaki

in Journal of Public Economic Theory (2015), 17

We examine the measurement of social polarization with categorical and ordinal data. This is particularly useful in many contexts where cardinal data are not available. The new measures we propose are ... [more ▼]

We examine the measurement of social polarization with categorical and ordinal data. This is particularly useful in many contexts where cardinal data are not available. The new measures we propose are characterized axiomatically. We partition the society into groups on the basis of salient social characteristics, such as race and ethnicity, and we take into account the extent to which these groups are clustered in certain regions of an attribute’s distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth Insurance: Economic and Risk Aspects
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Ghislandi, Simone

in Wright, James (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition (2015)

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See detailAttitudes to Income Inequality: Experimental and Survey Evidence
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew E.

in Atkinson, A.B.; Bourguignon, F. (Eds.) Handbook of Income Distribution (2015)

We review the findings in surveys and experiments from the literature on attitudes to income inequality. We interpret the latter as any disparity in incomes between individuals. We classify these ... [more ▼]

We review the findings in surveys and experiments from the literature on attitudes to income inequality. We interpret the latter as any disparity in incomes between individuals. We classify these contributions into two broad groups of individual attitudes to income distribution in a society: the normative and the comparative view. The first can be thought of as the individual's disinterested evaluation of income inequality; on the contrary, the second view reflects self-interest, as individual’s inequality attitudes depend not only on how much income they receive but also on how much they receive compared to others. We conclude with a number of extensions, outstanding issues and suggestions for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailRichness Orderings
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bose, Arup; Chakravarty, Satya

in Journal of Economic Inequality (2014), 12

An index of richness in a society is a measure of the extent of its affluence. This paper presents an analytical discussion on several indices of richness and their properties. It also develops criteria ... [more ▼]

An index of richness in a society is a measure of the extent of its affluence. This paper presents an analytical discussion on several indices of richness and their properties. It also develops criteria for ordering alternative distributions of income in terms of their richness. Given a line of richness, an income level above which a person is regarded as rich, and depending on the redistributive principle, it is shown that the ranking relation can be implemented by seeking dominance with respect to the generalized Lorenz curve of the rich or the affluence pro file of the society. When the line of richness is assumed to be variable, we need to employ the stochastic dominance conditions for ordering the income distributions. [less ▲]

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See detailDeprivation and Social Exclusion in Europe
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bellani, Luna

in Michalos, A.C (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (2014)

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See detailProximity-sensitive individual deprivation measures
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter

in Economics Letters (2014), 122

We propose and characterize a generalization of the classical linear index of individual deprivation based on income shortfalls. Unlike the original measure, our class allows for increases in the income ... [more ▼]

We propose and characterize a generalization of the classical linear index of individual deprivation based on income shortfalls. Unlike the original measure, our class allows for increases in the income of a higher-income individual to have a stronger impact on a person’s deprivation the closer they occur to the income of the individual whose deprivation is being assessed. The subclass of our measures with this property is axiomatized in our second result. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Distribution of Economic Insecurity: Italy and the USA over the Great Recession
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Rohde, Nicholas

in Review of Income and Wealth (2014), 60(S1), 33-52

We estimate the distribution of economic insecurity in Italy and the USA using data from 1994 to 2010. Economic insecurity for each individual is assumed to depend on both current wealth and the changes ... [more ▼]

We estimate the distribution of economic insecurity in Italy and the USA using data from 1994 to 2010. Economic insecurity for each individual is assumed to depend on both current wealth and the changes in wealth that have been experienced in the past. The first element plays the role of the buffer stock that can be relied on in the case of an adverse future event. The second element reflects the individual's confidence in his ability to overcome any losses in the future. With respect to this second element, experiences in the recent past are given greater weight than experiences that occurred in the more distant past. The results confirm that the great recession has had a dramatic effect on the distribution of economic insecurity in both countries with the effect being much stronger in the USA. [less ▲]

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