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See detailMulticast multigroup precoding for frame-based multi-gateway satellite communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Pennanen, Harri UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 14th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC), 2016 8th (2016, October 24)

The present work focuses on the forward link of fixed multibeam broadband satellite systems which employ aggressive frequency reuse patterns in the user-link. For such scenarios, the state-of-the art ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the forward link of fixed multibeam broadband satellite systems which employ aggressive frequency reuse patterns in the user-link. For such scenarios, the state-of-the art frame based precoding methods can improve the system performance, exploiting the super framing structure of the latest physical layer evolutions in satellite communications. Nevertheless, the limitations of feeder link need to be considered. Since the increase of the user link capacity leads to a proportional increase in the capacity requirements of the point-to-point feeder link, the deployment of multiple gateways to feed the satellite is examined. The main concept lies in each earth station being dedicated to serve a cluster of beams. In this context, the performance degradation due to inter-cluster interference is quantified. Since inter-cluster interference is expected to primarily affect cluster-edge users, the chosen performance metric is system fairness. Next, coordination between the multiple gateways is proposed as a means to mitigate interference between the different clusters and thus increase the minimum SINR over the coverage. Consequently, the gains in terms of system availability, a crucial metric in satellite communications, are exhibited via numerical system level simulations. The energy efficiency of the proposed system is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDistributed coordinated beamforming for multi-cell multigroup multicast systems
Pennanen, Harri UL; Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Communications (ICC), 2016 IEEE International Conference on (2016, July)

This paper considers coordinated multicast beam-forming in a multi-cell wireless network. Each multiantenna base station (BS) serves multiple groups of single antenna users by generating a single beam ... [more ▼]

This paper considers coordinated multicast beam-forming in a multi-cell wireless network. Each multiantenna base station (BS) serves multiple groups of single antenna users by generating a single beam with common data per group. The aim is to minimize the sum power of BSs while satisfying user-specific SINR targets. We propose centralized and distributed multicast beamforming algorithms for multi-cell multigroup systems. The NP-hard multicast problem is tackled by approximating it as a convex problem using the standard semidefinite relaxation method. The resulting semidefinite program (SDP) can be solved via centralized processing if global channel knowledge is available. To allow a distributed implementation, the primal decomposition method is used to turn the SDP into two optimization levels. The higher level is in charge of optimizing inter-cell interference while the lower level optimizes beamformers for given inter-cell interference constraints. The distributed algorithm requires local channel knowledge at each BS and scalar information exchange between BSs. If the solution has unit rank, it is optimal for the original problem. Otherwise, the Gaussian randomization method is used to find a feasible solution. The superiority of the proposed algorithms over conventional schemes is demonstrated via numerical evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailTotal degradation analysis of precoded signals onto non-linear satellite channels
Spano, Danilo UL; Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Andrenacci, Stefano UL et al

in 21st Ka Conference (2015, October)

Linear precoding exploits the spatial degrees of freedom offered by multi-antenna transmitters to manage interferences between multiple co-channel users. The adoption of precoding in practical systems ... [more ▼]

Linear precoding exploits the spatial degrees of freedom offered by multi-antenna transmitters to manage interferences between multiple co-channel users. The adoption of precoding in practical systems, however, entails a series of practical barriers. Amongst several issues, the focus herein is on the non-linear dependence of the input versus the output power of the efficient and reliable amplifiers that drive each transmit antenna, which limits the system performance. As a first step, the present work studies the impact of linear precoding on the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of precoded waveforms in multibeam satellite systems using a finite alphabet. In this context, a sensitivity analysis of the PAPR at the input of each amplifier with respect to intrinsic system level parameters, such as the number of transmit feeds, is performed. Next, the performance of the whole non-linear satellite chain is analyzed with respect to the symbol-error-rate (SER) and the total degradation (TD) of the channel. Furthermore, two low-complexity solutions are considered for counteracting the effects of the non-linearities of the satellite channel on the precoded waveforms, namely an automatic gain control (AGC) operation and a non-linear equalization performed at the receiver side. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticast Multigroup Precoding and User Scheduling for Frame-Based Satellite Communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015), 14(9), 4695-4707

The present work focuses on the forward link of a broadband multibeam satellite system that aggressively reuses the user link frequency resources. Two fundamental practical challenges, namely the need to ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the forward link of a broadband multibeam satellite system that aggressively reuses the user link frequency resources. Two fundamental practical challenges, namely the need to frame multiple users per transmission and the per-antenna transmit power limitations, are addressed. To this end, the so-called frame-based precoding problem is optimally solved using the principles of physical layer multicasting to multiple co-channel groups under per-antenna constraints. In this context, a novel optimization problem that aims at maximizing the system sum rate under individual power constraints is proposed. Added to that, the formulation is further extended to include availability constraints. As a result, the high gains of the sum rate optimal design are traded off to satisfy the stringent availability requirements of satellite systems. Moreover, the throughput maximization with a granular spectral efficiency versus SINR function, is formulated and solved. Finally, a multicast-aware user scheduling policy, based on the channel state information, is developed. Thus, substantial multiuser diversity gains are gleaned. Numerical results over a realistic simulation environment exhibit as much as 30% gains over conventional systems, even for 7 users per frame, without modifying the framing structure of legacy communication standards. [less ▲]

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See detailUser Scheduling in Cooperative Satellite Systems
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Cooperative and Cognitive Satellite Systems (2015)

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See detailMulticast multigroup beamforming for per-antenna power constrained large-scale arrays
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC (2015), 2015-August

Large in the number of transmit elements, multi-antenna arrays with per-element limitations are in the focus of the present work. In this context, physical layer multigroup multicasting under per-antenna ... [more ▼]

Large in the number of transmit elements, multi-antenna arrays with per-element limitations are in the focus of the present work. In this context, physical layer multigroup multicasting under per-antenna power constrains, is investigated herein. To address this complex optimization problem low-complexity alternatives to semi-definite relaxation are proposed. The goal is to optimize the per-antenna power constrained transmitter in a maximum fairness sense, which is formulated as a non-convex quadratically constrained quadratic problem. Therefore, the recently developed tool of feasible point pursuit and successive convex approximation is extended to account for practical per-antenna power constraints. Interestingly, the novel iterative method exhibits not only superior performance in terms of approaching the relaxed upper bound but also a significant complexity reduction, as the dimensions of the optimization variables increase. Consequently, multicast multigroup beamforming for large-scale array transmitters with per-antenna dedicated amplifiers is rendered computationally efficient and accurate. A preliminary performance evaluation in large-scale systems for which the semi-definite relaxation constantly yields non rank-1 solutions is presented. © 2015 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailCellular-Broadcast Service Convergence through Caching for CoMP Cloud RANs
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in 22nd IEEE Symposium on Communications and Vehicular Technology in the Benelux (2015)

Cellular and Broadcast services have been traditionally treated independently due to the different market requirements, thus resulting in different business models and orthogonal frequency allocations ... [more ▼]

Cellular and Broadcast services have been traditionally treated independently due to the different market requirements, thus resulting in different business models and orthogonal frequency allocations. However, with the advent of cheap memory and smart caching, this traditional paradigm can converge into a single system which can provide both services in an efficient manner. This paper focuses on multimedia delivery through an integrated network, including both a cellular (also known as unicast or broadband) and a broadcast last mile operating over shared spectrum. The subscribers of the network are equipped with a cache which can effectively create zero perceived latency for multimedia delivery, assuming that the content has been proactively and intelligently cached. The main objective of this work is to establish analytically the optimal content popularity threshold, based on a intuitive cost function. In other words, the aim is to derive which content should be broadcasted and which content should be unicasted. To facilitate this, Cooperative Multi- Point (CoMP) joint processing algorithms are employed for the uni and broad-cast PHY transmissions. To practically implement this, the integrated network controller is assumed to have access to traffic statistics in terms of content popularity. Simulation results are provided to assess the gain in terms of total spectral efficiency. A conventional system, where the two networks operate independently, is used as benchmark [less ▲]

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See detailMultibeam Joint Precoding: frame based design
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Taricco, Giorgio et al

in Cooperative and Cognitive Satellite Systems (2015)

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See detailSum Rate Maximizing Multigroup Multicast Beamforming under Per-antenna Power Constraints
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in In Proc. of IEEE, Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM (2014, December)

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See detailWeighted Fair Multicast Multigroup Beamforming under Per-antenna Power Constraints
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on (2014), 62(19), 5132-5142

A multi-antenna transmitter that conveys independent sets of common data to distinct groups of users is considered. This model is known as physical layer multicasting to multiple co-channel groups. In ... [more ▼]

A multi-antenna transmitter that conveys independent sets of common data to distinct groups of users is considered. This model is known as physical layer multicasting to multiple co-channel groups. In this context, the practical constraint of a maximum permitted power level radiated by each antenna is addressed. The per-antenna power constrained system is optimized in a maximum fairness sense with respect to predetermined quality of service weights. In other words, the worst scaled user is boosted by maximizing its weighted signal-to-interference plus noise ratio. A detailed solution to tackle the weighted max-min fair multigroup multicast problem under per-antenna power constraints is therefore derived. The implications of the novel constraints are investigated via prominent applications and paradigms. What is more, robust per-antenna constrained multigroup multicast beamforming solutions are proposed. Finally, an extensive performance evaluation quantifies the gains of the proposed algorithm over existing solutions and exhibits its accuracy over per-antenna power constrained systems. [less ▲]

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See detailFrame Based Precoding in Satellite Communications: A Multicast Approach
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in In Proc. of IEEE, Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference (2014, September)

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See detailNew Generation Cooperative and Cognitive Dual Satellite Systems: Performance Evaluation
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of 32nd AIAA ICSSC (2014, August)

Investigating innovative satellite architectures with enhanced system through- put is one of the most important challenges towards realizing the next generation of satellite communication systems. In this ... [more ▼]

Investigating innovative satellite architectures with enhanced system through- put is one of the most important challenges towards realizing the next generation of satellite communication systems. In this context, we study two advanced architectures, namely cooperative and cognitive satellite systems. These designs allow the spectral coexistence of two multibeam satellites over a common coverage area with the overlapping beam patterns. In the cooperative dual satellite system, we consider coordination between two coexisting transmitters in order to reduce the intersatellite interference. This is achieved by employing adequate user scheduling, based on the channel state information of each user. To this end, a semi-orthogonal interference aware scheduling algorithm is applied. Further, in the cognitive dual satellite system, we employ a cognitive beamhopping technique assuming that the secondary gateway is aware of the primary's beamhopping pattern. Moreover, we compare the performances of these schemes with those of the conventional multi- beam and overlapping dual satellite systems in terms of spectral efficiency, power efficiency and user fairness. Finally, we provide several insights on the performance of these schemes and provide interesting future works in these domains. [less ▲]

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See detailMultibeam Joint Processing in Satellite Communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Cooperative Satellite Communications (SatComs) involve multi-antenna satellites enabled for the joint transmission and reception of signals. This joint processing of baseband signals is realized amongst ... [more ▼]

Cooperative Satellite Communications (SatComs) involve multi-antenna satellites enabled for the joint transmission and reception of signals. This joint processing of baseband signals is realized amongst the distinct but interconnected antennas. Advanced signal processing techniques –namely precoding and Multiuser Detection (MUD)– are herein examined in the multibeam satellite context. The aim of this thesis is to establish the prominence of such methods in the next generation of broadband satellite networks. To this end, two approaches are followed. On one hand, the performance of the well established and theoretically concrete MUD is analysed over the satellite environments. On the other, optimal signal processing designs are developed and evaluated for the forward link. In more detail, the present dissertation begins by introducing the topic of multibeam joint processing. Thus, the most significant practical constraints that hinder the application of advanced interference mitigation techniques in satellite networks are identified and discussed. Prior to presenting the contributions of this work, the multi-antenna joint processing problem is formulated using the generic Multiuser (MU) Multiple InputMultiple Output (MIMO) baseband signal model. This model is also extended to apply in the SatComs context. A detailed presentation of the related work, starting from a generic signal processing perspective and then focusing on the SatComs field, is then given. With this review, the main open research topics are identified. Following the comprehensive literature review, the first contribution of this work, is presented. This involves the performance evaluation of MUD in the Return Link (RL) of multiuser multibeam SatComs systems. Novel, analytical expressions are derived to describe the information theoretic channel capacity as well as the performance of practical receivers over realistic satellite channels. Based on the derived formulas, significant insights for the design of the RL of next generation cooperative satellite systems are provided. In the remaining of this thesis, the focus is set on the Forward Link (FL) of multibeam SatComs, where precoding, combined with aggressive frequency reuse configurations, are proposed to enhance the offered throughput. In this context, the alleviation of practical constraints imposed by the satellite channel is the main research challenge. Focusing on the rigid framing structure of the legacy SatCom standards, the fundamental frame-based precoding problem is examined. Based on the necessity to serve multiple users by a single transmission, the connection of the frame-based precoding and the fundamental signal processing problem of physical layer multigroup multicasting is established. In this framework and to account for the power limitations imposed by a dedicated High Power Amplifier (HPA) per transmit element, a novel solution for multigroup multicasting under Per Anntenna Constraints (PACs) is derived. Therefore, the gains offered by multigroup multicasting in frame-based systems are quantified over an accurate simulation setting. Finally, advanced multicast and interference aware scheduling algorithms are proposed to glean significant gains in the rich multiuser satellite environment. The thesis concludes with the main research findings and the identification of new research challenges, which will pave the way for the deployment of cooperative multibeam satellite systems. [less ▲]

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See detailWeighted Fair Multicast Multigroup Beamforming Under Per-antenna Power Constraints
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Multicast multigroup beamforming under per-antenna power constraints (2014, June)

Linear precoding exploits the spatial degrees of freedom offered by multi-antenna transmitters to serve multiple users over the same frequency resources. The present work focuses on simultaneously serving ... [more ▼]

Linear precoding exploits the spatial degrees of freedom offered by multi-antenna transmitters to serve multiple users over the same frequency resources. The present work focuses on simultaneously serving multiple groups of users, each with its own channel, by transmitting a stream of common symbols to each group. This scenario is known as physical layer multicasting to multiple co-channel groups. Extending the current state of the art in multigroup multicasting, the practical constraint of a maximum permitted power level radiated by each antenna is tackled herein. The considered per antenna power constrained system is optimized in a maximum fairness sense. In other words, the optimization aims at favoring the worst user by maximizing the minimum rate. This Max-Min Fair criterion is imperative in multicast systems, where the performance of all the receivers listening to the same multicast is dictated by the worst rate in the group. An analytic framework to tackle the Max-Min Fair multigroup multicasting scenario under per antenna power constraints is therefore derived. Numerical results display the accuracy of the proposed solution and provide insights to the performance of a per antenna power constrained system. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance of the Multibeam Satellite Return Link With Correlated Rain Attenuation
Arnau, J.; Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on (2014), 13(11), 6286-6299

Rain attenuation is among the major impairments for satellite systems operating in the K-band and above. In this paper, we investigate the impact of spatially correlated rain attenuation on the ... [more ▼]

Rain attenuation is among the major impairments for satellite systems operating in the K-band and above. In this paper, we investigate the impact of spatially correlated rain attenuation on the performance of a multibeam satellite return link. For a comprehensive assessment, an analytical model for the antenna pattern that generates the beams is also proposed. We focus on the outage capacity of the link and obtain analytical approximations at high and low signal-to-noise ratio. The derived approximations provide insights into the effect of key system parameters such as the interuser distance, the satellite beam radius, or the rain intensity, and simulation results show that it fits tightly with the Monte Carlo results. Additionally, the derived expressions can be easily particularized for the single-user case, providing some novel insights. [less ▲]

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See detailTiming and Frequency Synchronisation for Multiuser Detection on the Return Link of Interactive Mobile Satellite Networks
Abu Shaban, Zohair UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL et al

in Proceedings of the ICSSC conferrence (2013, October)

Synchronization, a key process in a communication system, can be very demanding, especially in burst mode transmissions. The estimation of timing, frequency and phase offsets is sensitive to the magnitude ... [more ▼]

Synchronization, a key process in a communication system, can be very demanding, especially in burst mode transmissions. The estimation of timing, frequency and phase offsets is sensitive to the magnitude of these offsets as well as the ambient interference and noise levels. The aggressive reuse of frequencies in a multibeam satellite system increases the co-channel interference significantly and motivates the need to revisit, and re-design if needed, the algorithms used for synchronization. This paper deals with such a scenario occurring on the return link of a mobile interactive satellite system and provides a set of synchronization sub-systems that allow for the design of a robust modem that can reap the benefits of sophisticated interference mitigation techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailMMSE Performance Analysis of Generalized Multibeam Satellite Channels
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Arnau, Jesus; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2013), 17(7), 1332-1335

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See detailMulti-User Detection in Multibeam Mobile Satellite Systems: A Fair Performance Evaluation
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Krause, Jens et al

in Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference, Spring 2013 (2013)

Multi-User Detection (MUD) techniques are currently being examined as promising technologies for the next generation of broadband, interactive, multibeam satellite communication (SatCom) systems. Results ... [more ▼]

Multi-User Detection (MUD) techniques are currently being examined as promising technologies for the next generation of broadband, interactive, multibeam satellite communication (SatCom) systems. Results in the existing literature have shown that when full frequency and polarization reuse is employed and user signals are jointly processed at the gateway, more than threefold gains in terms of spectral efficiency over conventional systems can be obtained. However, the information theoretic results for the capacity of the multibeam satellite channel are given under ideal assumptions, disregarding the implementation constraints of such an approach. Considering a real system implementation, the adoption of full resource reuse is bound to increase the payload complexity and power consumption. Since these novel techniques require extra payload resources, fairness issues in the comparison among the two approaches arise. The present contribution evaluates in a fair manner, the performance of the return link (RL) of a SatCom system serving mobile users that are jointly decoded at the receiver. In this context, the throughput performance of the assumed system is compared to that of a conventional one, under the constraint of equal physical layer resource utilization; thus the comparison can be regarded as fair. Results show, that even when systems operate under the same payload requirements as the conventional systems, a significant gain can be realized, especially in the high SNR region. Finally, existing analytical formulas are also employed to provide closed form descriptions of the performance of clustered systems, thus introducing insights on how the performance scales with respect to the system parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailLinear Precoding in Multibeam SatComs: Practical Constraints
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in ICSSC Conference (2013)

Multiuser precoding of the linear kind is one of the most promising candidate techniques required for managing inter-beam co-channel interference in aggressive frequency re-use multibeam High Throughput ... [more ▼]

Multiuser precoding of the linear kind is one of the most promising candidate techniques required for managing inter-beam co-channel interference in aggressive frequency re-use multibeam High Throughput Satellite (HTS) systems. Although academic research on precoding schemes for broadband interactive satellite communication (SatCom) systems is intensifying, there are a number of practical constraints in current DVB-S2-based HTS systems that may inhibit the application of precoding. These have not been dealt with hitherto in the literature. The present article attempts to list the relevant issues, propose some possible ways forward and present some preliminary simulation results [less ▲]

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See detailUser Scheduling for Coordinated Dual Satellite Systems with Linear Precoding
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in International Communications Conference, Budapest 2013 (2013)

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