References of "Bronzi, Walter 50001061"
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See detailCharacterizing Driving Environments Through Bluetooth Discovery
Bronzi, Walter UL; Faye, Sébastien UL; Frank, Raphaël UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, December)

Within the world of wireless technologies, Bluetooth has recently been at the forefront of innovation. It is becoming increasingly relevant for vehicles to become aware of their surroundings. Therefore ... [more ▼]

Within the world of wireless technologies, Bluetooth has recently been at the forefront of innovation. It is becoming increasingly relevant for vehicles to become aware of their surroundings. Therefore, having knowledge of nearby Bluetooth devices, both inside and outside other vehicles, can provide the listening vehicles with enough data to learn about their environment. In this paper, we collect and analyze a dataset of Bluetooth Classic (BC) and Low Energy (BLE) discoveries. We evaluate their respective characteristics and ability to provide context-aware information from a vehicular perspective. By taking a look at data about the encountered devices, such as GPS location, quantity, quality of signal and device class information, we infer distinctive behaviors between BC and BLE relative to context and application. For this purpose, we propose a set a features to train a classifier for the recognition of different driving environments (i.e. road classes) from Bluetooth discovery data alone. Comparing the performance of our classifier with different sampling parameters, the presented results indicate that, with our feature selection, we are able to predict with reasonable confidence up to three classes (Highway, City, Extra-Urban) by using only discovery data and no geographical information. This outcome gives promising results targeted at low energy and privacy-friendly applications and can open up a wide range of research directions. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterizing User Mobility Using Mobile Sensing Systems
Faye, Sébastien UL; Bronzi, Walter UL; Tahirou, Ibrahim UL et al

in International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks (2017), 13(8),

Recent technological advances and the ever-greater developments in sensing and computing continue to provide new ways of understanding our daily mobility. Smart devices such as smartphones or smartwatches ... [more ▼]

Recent technological advances and the ever-greater developments in sensing and computing continue to provide new ways of understanding our daily mobility. Smart devices such as smartphones or smartwatches can, for instance, provide an enhanced user experience based on different sets of built-in sensors that follow every user action and identify its environment. Monitoring solutions such as these, which are becoming more and more common, allows us to assess human behavior and movement at different levels. In this article, extended from previous work, we focus on the concept of human mobility and explore how we can exploit a dataset collected opportunistically from multiple participants. In particular, we study how the different sensor groups present in most commercial smart devices can be used to deliver mobility information and patterns. In addition to traditional motion sensors that are obviously important in this field, we are also exploring data from physiological and environmental sensors, including new ways of displaying, understanding, and analyzing data. Furthermore, we detail the need to use methods that respect the privacy of users and investigate the possibilities offered by network traces, including Wi-Fi and Bluetooth communication technologies. We finally offer a mobility assistant that can represent different user characteristics anonymously, based on a combination of Wi-Fi, activity data, and graph theory. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards Characterizing Bluetooth Discovery in a Vehicular Context
Bronzi, Walter UL; Derrmann, Thierry UL; Castignani, German UL et al

in Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC), 2016 IEEE (2016, December)

Bluetooth has, in recent years, gained more and more momentum. New commodity objects and wearables im- plementing Bluetooth Smart technology (Low Energy) are re- leased everyday. In particular, the ever ... [more ▼]

Bluetooth has, in recent years, gained more and more momentum. New commodity objects and wearables im- plementing Bluetooth Smart technology (Low Energy) are re- leased everyday. In particular, the ever increasing number of discoverable devices both inside and outside a populated area gives us an encouraging insight on future research directions for this technology. In this paper, based on a sensing system developed as an Android application, we evaluate Bluetooth Classic and Low Energy discovery characteristics from a vehic- ular perspective. By recording information about devices nearby (e.g. the number of discovered devices, their signal strength, manufacturer information) and the GPS location we can derive interesting information about a driver’s situation, as well as his/her environment. Presented results indicate that the amount of discovered devices and signal strengths are dependent on velocity and road category. Finally, future work and discussions address potential use-case applications based only on Bluetooth discovery, such as low energy and privacy friendly road and traffic context awareness. The sensing system used in this article is free online under the MIT License. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (20 UL)
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See detailA Car Hacking Experiment: When Connectivity meets Vulnerability
Jafarnejad, Sasan UL; Codeca, Lara UL; Bronzi, Walter UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, December)

Interconnected vehicles are a growing commodity providing remote access to on-board sys- tems for monitoring and controlling the state of the ve- hicle. Such features are built to facilitate and ... [more ▼]

Interconnected vehicles are a growing commodity providing remote access to on-board sys- tems for monitoring and controlling the state of the ve- hicle. Such features are built to facilitate and strengthen the owner’s knowledge about its car but at the same time they impact its safety and security. Vehicles are not ready to be fully connected as various attacks are currently possible against their control systems. In this paper, we analyse possible attack scenarios on a recently released all-electric car and investigate their impact on real life driving scenarios. We leverage our findings to change the behaviour of safety critical com- ponents of the vehicle in order to achieve autonomous driving using an Open Vehicle Monitoring System. Furthermore, to demonstrate the potential of our setup, we developed a novel mobile application able to control such vehicle systems remotely through the Internet. We challenge the current state-of-the-art technology in today’s vehicles and provide a vulnerability analysis on modern embedded systems. [less ▲]

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See detailBluetooth Low Energy Robustness Analysis for V2V Communications
Bronzi, Walter UL

in Ulmer Informatik-Berichte (2015, March)

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See detailA Wearable Revolution: Is the smartwatch the next small big thing?
Kracheel, Martin UL; Bronzi, Walter UL; Kazemi, Hamed

Article for general public (2014)

Smartwatches have the potential to enhance our digital lifestyle, but are not yet a part of our digital lifestyle. When big competitors overcome smartwatches usability challenges and design limitations ... [more ▼]

Smartwatches have the potential to enhance our digital lifestyle, but are not yet a part of our digital lifestyle. When big competitors overcome smartwatches usability challenges and design limitations, this could change rapidly. The smartwatch, to be successful, has to combine two requirements: provide digital information and individual expression presented by traditional watches. The smartwatch can excel in a new category of "smart" devices to be used instead of our smartphones for simplifying and speeding up activities such as reading a message, checking the weather, traffic directions or your agenda. The support from the community of developers will play a major role in deciding which platform will progress further. [less ▲]

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See detailBluetooth Low Energy for Inter-Vehicular Communications
Bronzi, Walter UL; Frank, Raphaël UL; Castignani, German UL et al

in 2014 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC) (2014, December)

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is quickly and steadily gaining importance for a wide range of applications. In this paper we investigate the potential of BLE in a vehicular context. By means of experiments ... [more ▼]

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is quickly and steadily gaining importance for a wide range of applications. In this paper we investigate the potential of BLE in a vehicular context. By means of experiments, we first evaluate the characteristics of the wireless channel, then we define a set of driving scenarios to analyze how BLE is affected by varying speed, distance and traffic conditions. We that found the maximum communication range between two devices can go beyond 100 meters and that a robust connection can be achieved up to a distance of 50 meters even for varying traffic and driving conditions. Next, we present a proof-of-concept mobile application for off-the-shelf smartphones that can be used to transmit data over multiple hops. Finally we discuss the advantages and limitations of BLE for Inter-Vehicular Communications (IVC) and propose potential applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (10 UL)
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See detailBluetooth Low Energy: An Alternative Technology for VANET Applications
Frank, Raphaël UL; Bronzi, Walter UL; Castignani, German UL et al

in Proceedings of the 11th IEEE/IFIP Annual Conference on Wireless On-demand Network Systems and Services (2014, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (6 UL)