References of "Batyra, Anna"
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See detailStructural changes in the labor market and the rise of early retirement in France and Germany
Batyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier et al

in German Economic Review (in press)

The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. A model with an imperfectly competitive labor market allows us to consider also the effects of ... [more ▼]

The rise of early retirement in Europe is typically attributed to the European system of taxes and transfers. A model with an imperfectly competitive labor market allows us to consider also the effects of bargaining power and of matching efficiency on pre-retirement. We find that lower bargaining power of workers and declining matching efficiency have been important determinants of early retirement in France and Germany. These structural changes, combined with early-retirement transfers and population aging, are also consistent with the employment and unemployment rates, labor share and seniority premia. [less ▲]

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See detailDeclining bargaining power of workers and the rise of early retirement in Europe
Batyra, Anna; de la Croix, David; Pierrard, Olivier et al

E-print/Working paper (2013)

We offer an alternative explanation for the decline in labor force participation of senior workers. Typically, tax and transfer explanations have been proposed. On the contrary, a model with imperfectly ... [more ▼]

We offer an alternative explanation for the decline in labor force participation of senior workers. Typically, tax and transfer explanations have been proposed. On the contrary, a model with imperfectly competitive labor market allows to consider as well the effects of a drop in bargaining power, which would not be possible in a purely neoclassical framework. We find that a decline in the bargaining power of workers, which has taken place in the last four decades, has largely contributed to the rise in inactivity in Europe. However, we need a combination of these two explanations, along with population aging and a fall in the matching efficiency, in order to correctly reproduce the joint evolutions of other labor market variables such as the employment and unemployment rates. [less ▲]

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See detailSelective reductions in labor taxation: Labor market adjustments and macroeconomic performance
Batyra, Anna; Sneessens, Henri UL

in Journal of Policy Modeling (2010), 32(4), 531-543

We use a calibrated general equilibrium model with heterogeneous labor and search to evaluate the quantitative effects of various labor tax cut scenarios. The focus is on skill heterogeneity combined with ... [more ▼]

We use a calibrated general equilibrium model with heterogeneous labor and search to evaluate the quantitative effects of various labor tax cut scenarios. The focus is on skill heterogeneity combined with downward wage rigidities at the low end of the skill ladder. Workers can take jobs for which they are overeducated. We compare targeted and non-targeted tax cuts, both with or without over-education effects. Introducing over-education changes substantially the employment, productivity and welfare effects of a tax cut, although tax cuts targeted on the least skilled workers always have larger effects. [less ▲]

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See detailLabour Market Adjustments and Macroeconomic Performance
Batyra, Anna; Sneessens, Henri UL

in Mitchell, W., Muysken, J. (Ed.) Growth and Cohesion in the European Union: the Impact of Economic Policy (2006)

Unemployment remains the main concern of most EU countries. Substantial differences are observed not only across countries but also across regions of the same country. Important differences also exist ... [more ▼]

Unemployment remains the main concern of most EU countries. Substantial differences are observed not only across countries but also across regions of the same country. Important differences also exist across skill groups. We focus here on the skill dimension and report on some results obtained for the Belgian economy, keeping in mind though that the analysis could be extended to other countries characterised by the same problems. We argue that low-skilled unemployment can be explained in terms of biased technological change and relative wage rigidities (related to labour market institutions). We explore in that context the effects of targeted labour tax cuts. We find that it is most important to take into account the effect of such tax cuts on both the job creation and the job destruction rates. The failure to do so may explain the gap between macro- and micro-econometric evaluations of such policies. We also briefly discuss the impact on welfare and examine the consequences of job competition (ladder effect). [less ▲]

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